Hd-720p™ Little Joe Movie Stream

Little Joe - by tretindulpe1975, February 20, 2020
4.1/ 5stars

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Géraldine Bajard

User rating=6,1 of 10

Alice, a single mother, is a dedicated senior plant breeder at a corporation engaged in developing new species. Against company policy, she takes one home as a gift for her teenage son, Joe

Director=Jessica Hausner


Little Joe Movie streaming sur internet.


Little joe movie streaming. New movie trailers released in the past week 00:00 - Wonder Woman 1984 02:24 - Ghostbusters 3: Afterlife 04:50 - Antlers 07:06 - Escape From Pretoria 09:32 - 6 Underground 11:36 - The Wave. Can't wait for New Mutants, hilarious to see the trailer for Charlies Angels knowing it totally bombed at the box office lol, same as Terminator: Dark Fate. Little Joe Movie stream new. An assistant @ the Weinstein Company. Das entzünden des little joes sah ziemlich fahrlässig aus :D. Little Joe Movie streams. Love this song! Eso Joe ur the best.

Little Joe Movie stream online

YouTube. Make Harold and Kumar go to Crystal Lake, then we'll talk. Look, officer. I know this looks funny, but I was paid by this girl's parents to hide in her bedroom. Best recording studio ever, moms kitchen! Great tribute, and may La 45 be around for as many yrs. as Little Joe! What a wonderful young and talented group. This one is soooo cute. All the ants in the forest are now running for their lives. I like this song it about rain. Little Joe Movie. All I saw was the thumbnail and thought the new season of ozark was coming... damn. Thanks for sharing, great post. Little Joe Movie stream new albums. You think he'd show up at my funeral if I asked him.

Oh it breaks my heart, it breaks my heart, it breaks my heart to see, pretty margarita crying over me, Oh it breaks my heart, it breaks my heart, it breaks my heart to see, my pretty gringita crying over me. Little Joe Movie stream.nbcolympics. I see Dad people. 109 Best Be like a movie star! images | In this moment, Love couple wallpaper, Watermelon wallpaper. Little Joe Movie streaming. The name of the album was Para La Gente and the song was written by charro maestro Jose Alfredo Jimenez. Damn. So many memories growing up in Somerton AZ. Family barbecues. Great Times. Willie Nelson is one my grandads favorite people. And little joe is my dads so I love seeing this. Little Joe is a movie starring Emily Beecham, Ben Whishaw, and Kerry Fox. Alice, a single mother, is a dedicated senior plant breeder at a corporation engaged in developing new species. Against company policy, she takes one home as... Other Titles A Flor da Felicidade, Kwiat szczęścia, Küçük Joe, Little Joe - Glück ist ein Geschäft Running Time 1 hours 45 minutes Quality 480p, 720p, 1080p, 2K, 4K Genres Sci-Fi, Drama Director Jessica Hausner Writer Jessica Hausner, Géraldine Bajard Actors Kit Connor, Ben Whishaw, Emily Beecham, Kerry Fox Country Austria, UK, Germany Year 2019 Audio Languages English, Deutsch, Français, Italiano, Español, Svenska, Gaeilge, Nederlands Subtitles 日本語, Čeština, Tiếng Việt, Português, 한국어, Australia, Filipino, हिन्दी.

Me either. Love his accent and hard ways. Hey Joe if you want to hook up here I am

Little Joe Movie stream of consciousness. Little Joe Movie stream. Quisiera ser texano amo la música tejana., mis respetos... اآريـّـ✮ﮩ๋͜‏ـد 𖤍 ⁾ ⁞♩⁽💗₎ۦ❥ الفلم كمل. Im a tough guy but I call the cops 1st sign of trouble. Gtfoh. Interesting trailer, definitely makes me feel that they are trying to hide a lot which is intriguing. C++ {prop} (C++):: C++ {m} ca {adv} (abbreviation of circa) SEE: ca. :: ca. {adv} (abbreviation of circa):: ok., ca cab {n} (taxi) SEE: taxi:: cabana {n} (a cabin or hut, shelter on a beach):: cabana {f}, kabina plażowa {f} cabaret {n} (live entertainment held in a restaurant or nightclub):: kabaret {m} cabbage {n} (plant):: kapusta {f} cabbage {n} (leaves of this plant eaten as a vegetable):: kapusta cabbage {n} (person with severely reduced mental capacities due to brain damage):: warzywo {n} cabbage {n} (money):: sałata {f} cabin {n} (small dwelling, especially one made of logs):: chata {f} cabin {n} (private room on a ship):: kajuta {f} cabin {n} (section of passenger plane having same class of service):: kabina {f} cabinet {n} (group of ministers):: rząd {m}, rada ministrów {f}, gabinet {m} cabinetmaker {n} (skilled woodworker):: stolarz {m} cable {n} (large wire, rope):: kabel {m}, przewód {m} cable {n} (assembly of wires for electricity):: kabel {m}, przewód {m} cable {n} (heavy rope or chain as used for mooring):: lina {f} cable {n} (telegram):: telegram {m}, depesza {f} cable car {n} (hanging carriage):: kolej linowa {f}, kolejka linowa {f} cable internet {n} (internet connectivity received through coaxial cables):: internet kablowy {m} cable modem {n} (A modem that connects a personal computer to a fibre optic cable):: modem kablowy {m} cable-stayed bridge {n} (bridge supported by cables attached directly to pillars):: most wantowy {m} cable television {n} (television received through coaxial cables):: telewizja kablowa {f}, [colloquial] kablówka {f} Cabo Verde {prop} (Cape Verde) SEE: Cape Verde:: cacao {n} (cacao tree):: kakaowiec {m} cacao {n} (cocoa bean):: kakao {n} cachalot {n} (sperm whale) SEE: sperm whale:: cache {n} (store):: schowek {m-in} cache {n} (computing: fast temporary storage for data):: pamięć podręczna {f}, bufor {m} cachexia {n} (systemic wasting of muscle tissue that accompanies a chronic disease):: kacheksja {f}, charłactwo {n}, wyniszczenie {n} caciocavallo {n} (Italian cheese type):: kaszkawał {m} cackle {n} (cry of a hen or goose, especially when laying an egg):: gdakanie {n} cackle {v} (to make a sharp, broken noise or cry, as a hen or goose does):: gdakać {impf} cacophony {n} (mix of discordant sounds; dissonance):: kakofonia {f} cactus {n} (member of the Cactaceae):: kaktus {m} cad {n} (person who stands at door):: cham {m}, chamka {f}, gbur {m}, gburka {f} cadaver {n} (a dead body):: zwłoki cadaverine {n} (foul-smelling diamine):: kadaweryna {f} caddie {n} (golf: a golfer's assistant and adviser):: caddie {m} caddie {n} (a small box usually used for tea):: puszka {f} caddis fly {n} (insect of the order Trichoptera):: chruścik cadence {n} (music: chord progression):: kadencja {f} cadet {n} (a student at a military school who is training to be an officer):: kadet Cadiz {prop} (port city in Andalusia, Spain):: Kadyks {m} cadmium {n} (chemical element):: kadm {m} Caelum {prop} (constellation):: Rylec {m} Caesar {prop} (ancient Roman family name):: Cezar Caesar {n} (a title of Roman emperors):: cezar {m} Caesarea {prop} (any of the places called Caesarea):: Cezarea {f} Caesarean section {n} (incision in the womb):: cięcie cesarskie {n} caesaropapism {n} (the doctrine that the state has authority over the church in ecclesiastical matters):: cezaropapizm {m} Caesar salad {n} (Caesar salad):: Cezar {m} caesium {n} (a metallic chemical element):: cez {m} café {n} (coffee shop):: kawiarnia {f} cafe {n} (café) SEE: café:: cafeteria {n} (restaurant):: kafeteria {f}, stołówka {f} cafeteria {n} (dining area):: stołówka {f} caffeine {n} (alkaloid found naturally in tea and coffee plants):: kofeina {f} cage {n} (enclosure):: klatka {f} Cagliari {prop} (province of Italy):: Cagliari {n} [indeclinable] Cagliari {prop} (capital of Cagliari):: Cagliari {n} [indeclinable] caiman {n} (alligator relative):: kajman {m} Cain {prop} (son of Adam and Eve):: Kain {m} Cairene {adj} (of or pertaining to Cairo):: kairski Cairo {prop} (capital of Egypt):: Kair {m} cake {n} (a sweet dessert):: ciasto {n}, ciastko {n}, tort {m} cake {n} (a trivially easy task or responsibility) SEE: piece of cake:: cake {v} (to cackle like a goose) SEE: cackle:: cake shop {n} (cake shop):: ciastkarnia {f}, cukiernia {f} calabash {n} ( Lagenaria siceraria):: tykwa calabash {n} (fruit of the Lagenaria siceraria):: tykwa Calabrese {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Calabria) SEE: Calabrian:: Calabria {prop} (region of Italy):: Kalabria {f} Calabrian {prop} (subdivision of the Pleistocene):: kalabr {m-in} Calais {prop} (a town in France):: Calais {n} calamari {n} (as mollusk) SEE: squid:: calamint {n} (herb):: kalaminta {f} calamus {n} (quill) SEE: quill:: calamus {n} (sweet flag) SEE: sweet flag:: calandra lark {n} ( Melanocorypha calandra):: kalandra szara {f}, calhandra-real calcareous {adj} (resembling or containing limestone):: wapienny calcite {n} (calcium carbonate mineral):: kalcyt {m} calcium {n} (chemical element of atomic number 20):: wapń {m} calcium carbonate {n} (CaCO 3):: węglan wapnia {m} calculate {v} (( transitive) to determine the value or solution of sth. ):: wyliczać {impf}, kalkulować {impf} calculation {n} (act or process of calculating):: obliczenie {n}, obrachunek {m} calculator {n} (electronic device that performs mathematical calculations):: kalkulator {m} calculator {n} (mechanical device that performs mathematical calculations):: kalkulator {m} calculus {n} (formal mathematical system):: rachunek {m} calculus {n} (differential calculus and integral calculus considered as a single subject):: rachunek różniczkowy i całkowy {m} calculus {n} (deposits on teeth):: kamień nazębny {m} calculus of variations {n} (a form of calculus):: rachunek wariacyjny {m} caldera {n} (geology: a large crater formed by a volcanic explosion):: kaldera {f} Caledonia {prop} (Latin-based name for Scotland):: Kaledonia {f} calendar {n} (system by which time is divided):: kalendarz {m-in} calendar {n} (means to determine the date):: kalendarz {m-in} calendar {n} (list of planned events):: kalendarz {m-in} calender {n} (machine):: kalander {m}, gładziarka {f} calender {v} (to press between rollers):: kalendrować calends {n} (first day of a month of the Roman calendar):: kalendy {f} calf {n} (young cow or bull):: cielę {n} calf {n} (anatomy: back of the leg below the knee):: łydka {f} Cali {prop} (California) SEE: California:: calibrate {v} (to check or adjust by comparison with a standard):: kalibrować California {prop} (US state):: Kalifornia {f} Californian {adj} (of or relating to California):: kalifornijski Californian {n} (an inhabitant of California):: Kalifornijczyk {m}, Kalifornijka {f} californium {n} (chemical element):: kaliforn {m} caliginous {adj} (dark, obscure) SEE: dark:: caliper {n} (calipers) SEE: calipers:: caliper {n} (part of a disc brake):: szczęka {f} calipers {n} (device used to measure thickness between two surfaces):: suwmiarka {f} caliph {n} (political leader of the Muslim world):: kalif {m} caliphate {n} (Islamic government):: kalifat {m} calk {n} (a pointed projection on a horseshoe to prevent it slipping):: gryf {m} call {n} (telephone conversation):: rozmowa telefoniczna {f} call {n} (social visit):: wizyta {f} call {n} (cry or shout):: krzyk {m}, okrzyk {m}, wołanie {n} call {n} (beckoning or summoning):: wezwanie {n}, zew {m} call {n} ((computing): the act of jumping to a subprogram):: wywołanie {n} call {v} (to request, summon, or beckon):: wzywać {impf}, wezwać {pf}, wołać {impf}, zawołać {pf} call {v} (to cry or shout):: wołać {impf}, zawołać {pf} call {v} (to contact by telephone):: dzwonić {impf}, zadzwonić {pf}, telefonować {impf}, zatelefonować {pf} call {v} (to name or refer to):: nazywać calla {n} ( Calla palustris):: czermień błotna {f} call an ambulance {phrase} (request to call an ambulance):: proszę wezwać karetkę, zadzwoń po karetkę call a spade a spade {v} (to speak the truth):: nazywać rzeczy po imieniu (to call things by their names) call center {n} (business location for calls):: call center {n}, biuro obsługi klienta {n} calligraphy {n} (art of writing with decorative strokes):: kaligrafia {f} calling card {n} (printed card identifying the bearer) SEE: business card:: calling name {n} (nickname) SEE: nickname:: calliope {n} (musical organ):: Kaliope {f} Calliope {prop} (the Muse of eloquence and epic):: Kaliopa {f} callipygian {adj} (having beautiful buttocks):: o kształtnych pośladkach callipygous {adj} (callipygian) SEE: callipygian:: call names {v} (to insult somebody childishly):: przezywać {impf}, przezwać {pf} calloo {n} (long-tailed duck) SEE: long-tailed duck:: callous {adj} (emotionally hardened):: bezduszny Callovian {prop}:: kelowej {m-in} callow {adj} (bald) SEE: bald:: call the police {phrase} (call the police):: proszę wezwać policję, zadzwoń po policję calm {adj} (free from anger and anxiety):: spokojny {m}, opanowany {m} calm {adj} ((of water) with few or no waves on the surface):: spokojny {m} calm {n} (condition of being unworried and free from anger):: spokój {m} calm {n} (the state with absence of noise and disturbance):: spokój {m} calm {v} (to make calm):: uspokoić, uspokajać calm {v} (to become calm):: uspokoić się, uspokajać się calm before the storm {n} (peace before a disturbance or crisis):: cisza przed burzą {f} calmly {adv} (in a calm manner):: spokojnie calmness {n} (the state of being calm; tranquillity; silence):: spokój {m} calorie {n} (amount of heat to raise 1 gram of water by 1°C):: kaloria {f} calpack {n} (hat):: kołpak {m} calque {n} (word formed by word-for-word translation of a word in another language):: kalka {f} calumniate {v} (to make hurtful untrue statements):: rzucać kalumnie, oczerniać calumny {n} (falsifications or misrepresentations intended to disparage or discredit another):: kalumnia {f}, oszczerstwo {n} Calvary {prop} (the hill outside Jerusalem, see also: Golgotha):: Kalwaria {f}, Golgota {f} Calvinism {n} (Christian religious tradition):: kalwinizm {m} Calvinist {n} (follower):: kalwinista {m}, kalwinistka {f} Calvinist {adj} (of or pertaining to Calvinism, a Calvinist or Calvinists):: kalwiński {m}, kalwinistyczny {m} calvous {adj} (lacking most or all of one's hair) SEE: bald:: calx {n} (the substance which remains after a metal or mineral has been thoroughly burnt):: popiół {m} calyptra {n} (thin, hood-like tissue):: czepek {m} calyx {n} (the sepals of a flower):: kielich {m} cam {n} (camera) SEE: camera:: Cambodia {prop} (country in Southeast Asia):: Kambodża {f} Cambodian {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Cambodia, the Cambodian people, or the Khmer language):: kambodżański {m} Cambodian {n} (a person from Cambodia or of Cambodian descent):: Kambodżanin {m}, Kambodżanka {f} Cambodian {n} (the language of the Cambodian people) SEE: Khmer:: Cambrian {prop} (the Cambrian geologic period):: kambr {m} Cambrian explosion {prop} (the rapid appearance, around 541 million years ago, of most major animal phyla):: eksplozja kambryjska {f} Cambrian symbol {n} ( literary: vegetable emblematic of Wales) SEE: leek:: camel {n} (beast of burden):: wielbłąd {m} camelopard {n} (giraffe) SEE: giraffe:: Camelopardalis {prop} (constellation):: Żyrafa {f} cameo {n} (relief work):: kamea {f} camera {n} (still camera):: aparat fotograficzny {m} camera {n} (movie camera):: kamera {f}, kamera wideo {f} camera flash {n} (a device that produces a short flash of light) SEE: flash:: cameraman {n} (somebody who operates a film or TV camera):: kamerzysta {m} camera obscura {n} (darkened chamber in which the image of an outside object is projected and focused onto a surface):: camera obscura {f} Cameroon {prop} (country in Central Africa):: Kamerun Cameroonian {adj} (pertaining to Cameroon):: kameruński Cameroonian {n} (person from Cameroon):: Kameruńczyk {m}, Kamerunka {f} Camilla {prop} (female given name):: Kamila camomile {n}:: rumianek {m} Camorra {prop} (crime organization from Naples):: kamora {f}, kamorra {f}, camorra {f} Camorrist {n} (member of the Camorra) SEE: Camorrista:: Camorrista {n} (member of the Camorra):: kamorysta {m}, kamorystka {f} camouflage {n} (disguise):: kamuflaż camouflage {n}:: kamuflaż {m}, maskowanie {n} camouflage {v} (hide, disguise):: maskować camp {n} (outdoor place):: obóz {m} camp {n} (organized event):: obóz {m} camp {n} (base):: obóz {m} camp {n} (group):: obóz {m} camp {n} (summer camp) SEE: summer camp:: campaign {n} (series of operations undertaken to achieve a set goal):: kampania {f} campanology {n} (study of bells):: kampanologia {f} camper {n} (person who camps):: obozowicz {m} camper {n} (motor vehicle) SEE: motor home:: campervan {n} (motor home) SEE: motor home:: campfire {n} (fire at a campground):: ognisko {n} camphor {n} (white transparent waxy crystalline isoprenoid ketone):: kamfora {f} campus {n} (grounds or property of a school, etc):: kampus {m} camrip {n} (pirated video created by illicitly recording a movie with a camcorder):: kinówka camshaft {n} (a shaft fitted with cams):: wałek rozrządu can {v} (to be able):: móc, umieć, potrafić can {v} (may):: móc can {n} (a more or less cylindrical vessel for liquids):: kanister {m-in}, bańka {f} can {n} (a container used to carry and dispense water for plants):: konewka {f}, polewaczka {f} can {n} (a tin-plate canister):: puszka {f} can {n} (buttocks):: pośladki, dupa {f} can {n}:: ubikacja {f}, kibel {m-in}, sracz {m-in}, klop {m-in} can {v} (to preserve):: konserwować can {v} (to fire or dismiss an employee):: wylać (z pracy) can {n} (chamber pot) SEE: chamber pot:: Canaan {prop} (historic region):: Kanaan {m} Canaan Dog {n} (Canaan Dog):: pies kananejski {m} Canada {prop} (country in North America):: Kanada {f} Canada goose {n} ( Branta canadensis):: bernikla kanadyjska {f} Canada thistle {n} (corn thistle) SEE: corn thistle:: Canadian {adj} (of or pertaining to Canada):: kanadyjski {m} Canadian {n} (person from Canada):: Kanadyjczyk {m}, Kanadyjka {f} Canadian football {n} (sport):: futbol kanadyjski {m} canal {n} (artificial waterway):: kanał {m} canal {n} (a tubular channel within the body):: przewód {m} canard {n} (false or misleading report or story):: kaczka dziennikarska {f} canary {n} (bird from the Canary Islands):: kanarek {m} canary {n} (colour):: kanarkowy Canary Islands {prop} (an archipelago off the coast of north-western Africa):: Wyspy Kanaryjskie {f-p} canasta {n} (card game):: kanasta {f} cancel {v} (cross out):: skreślić cancel {v} (invalidate, annul):: odwołać, anulować cancel {v} (remove a common factor):: skrócić cancer {n} (disease of uncontrolled cellular proliferation):: nowotwór złośliwy {m}, rak {m} [colloquial] Cancer {prop} (constellation):: Rak {m} Cancer {prop} (astrological sign):: Rak {m} Candace {n} (female given name):: Kandake candela {n} (unit of luminous intensity):: kandela {f} candelabrum {n} (candle holder):: kandelabr {m} candidacy {n} (state or act of being a candidate):: kandydatura {f} candidate {n} (person running in an election):: kandydat {m-pr}, kandydatka {f} candidateship {n} (candidacy) SEE: candidacy:: candidly {adv} (frankly) SEE: frankly:: candle {n} (a light source):: świeca {f}, świeczka {f}, gromnica {f} [blessed candle] candle holder {n} (candle holder) SEE: candlestick:: candle snuffer {n} (device made to extinguish a candle):: gaśnik {m}, gasidło {n} candlestick {n} (a holder with a socket or spike for a candle):: świecznik {m}, lichtarz {m} candlewick {n} SEE: candle:: candor {n} (sincere and open in speech, honesty in expression):: szczerość {f}, otwartość {f}, uczciwość {f} candor {n} (impartiality):: bezstronność {f} candy {n} (piece of candy):: cukierek {m} candy {n} (confection) SEE: confectionery:: candy bar {n} (type of candy):: baton {m}, batonik {m} candy cane {n} (candy in the shape of a cane):: cukrowa laska {f} candy floss {n} (sweet):: wata cukrowa {f} candy store {n} (sweetshop) SEE: sweetshop:: cane {v} (to beat with a cane):: chłostać cane {n} (walking stick) SEE: walking stick:: cane {n} (sugar cane) SEE: sugar cane:: cane brake {n} (a dense thicket of sugar-canes):: szuwar {m} cane sugar {n} (sugar from the sugar cane plant):: cukier trzcinowy {m} Canes Venatici {prop} (constellation):: Psy Gończe {m-p} cane toad {n} ( Bufo marinus):: ropucha olbrzymia can I buy you a drink {phrase} (can I buy you a drink? ):: czy mogę postawić ci drinka? [informal], czy mogę postawić panu drinka? {m} [formal], czy mogę postawić pani drinka? {f} [formal] can I come in {phrase} (phrase):: mogę wejść? canine {adj} (pertaining to dogs):: psi {m} canine {n} (pointy tooth) SEE: canine tooth:: canine tooth {n} (tooth):: kieł {m} Canis Major {prop} (winter constellation of the northern sky):: Wielki Pies {m} Canis Minor {prop} (small winter constellation of the northern sky):: Mały Pies {m} canister {n} (short range antipersonnel projectile) SEE: grapeshot:: canister shot {n} (grapeshot) SEE: grapeshot:: canker {n} (avian disease caused by T. gallinae):: żółty guzek canna {v} (cannot) SEE: cannot:: cannabis {n} (plant):: konopie {p}, konopie siewne {p} cannabis {n} (marijuana) SEE: marijuana:: Cannes {prop} (a city in France):: Cannes {n} cannibal {n} (an organism which eats others of its own species):: kanibal {m}, [human cannibal] ludożerca {m} cannibalism {n} (act of eating another of one's own species):: kanibalizm {m} Cannizzaro reaction {n} (reaction):: reakcja Cannizzaro {f} cannoli {n} (tube of fried pastry filled with ricotta):: cannolo {m} cannon {n} (artillery piece):: armata {f}, działo {n} cannon {n} (billiard shot):: karambol {m} cannonade {n} (firing artillery in a large amount for a length of time):: kanonada {f} cannonball {n} (spherical projectile fired from a smoothbore cannon):: kula armatnia {f} cannon fodder {n} (military forces considered to be expendable):: mięso armatnie {n} cannot {v} (cannot, see also: can; not):: nie móc canny {adj} (pleasant, nice) SEE: pleasant:: canny {adj} (frugal, thrifty) SEE: frugal:: canola {n} (cultivar of rapeseed Brassica napus) SEE: colza:: canon {n} (eucharistic prayer):: kanon {m} canon {n} (religious law):: kanon {m} canon {n} (piece of music):: kanon {m} canon {n} (fandom: the works considered authoritative regarding a fictional universe):: kanon {m} canonic {adj} (canonical) SEE: canonical:: canonical {adj} (in canonical form):: kanoniczny {m} canonical form {n} ( (linguistics) lemma or dictionary form) SEE: lemma:: canonical form {n} (standard or normal presentation of a mathematical entity):: postać kanoniczna {f} canonization {n} (the final process or decree):: kanonizacja {f} canonize {v} (to define someone as a saint):: kanonizować can opener {n} (device used to open tin cans):: otwieracz do puszek {m}, otwieracz do konserw {m} can-opener {n} (can opener) SEE: can opener:: can't {v} (cannot) SEE: cannot:: Cantabria {prop} (autonomous community):: Kantabria {f} Cantabrian {adj} (pertaining to Cantabria):: kantabryjski cantaloupe {n} (melon):: kantalupa {f} cantankerous {adj} (ill-tempered, cranky, surly, crabby):: przewrotny {m}, kłótliwy {m} cantata {n} (cantata):: kantata canteen {n} (small cafeteria or snack bar):: stołówka {f} canter {n} (gait):: galop {m} canter {n} (ride):: galop {m} canter {v} (to gait):: galopować Canterbury {prop} (ancient city in England):: Canterbury {n} Canticle of Canticles {prop} (Song of Songs) SEE: Song of Songs:: Canticles {prop} (Song of Songs) SEE: Song of Songs:: canting arms {n}:: herb mówiący {m} canton {n} (state of Switzerland):: kanton {m} canton {n} (heraldry; one of the ordinaries):: kanton {m} Cantonese {adj} (relating to Canton):: kantoński Cantonese {adj} (relating to the Cantonese people):: kantoński Cantonese {adj} (relating to the Cantonese language):: kantoński Cantonese {n} (person from Canton):: kantończyk {m}, kantonka {f} Cantonese {n} (language):: kantoński {m} cantor {n} (singer):: kantor {m}, chazan {m} [Jewish] Canute {prop} (Male given name):: Kanut canvas {n} (a type of coarse cloth):: płótno {n} canvas {n} (a piece of canvas cloth on which one may paint):: płótno {n} canvass {v} (to campaign) SEE: campaign:: canyon {n} (a valley cut in rock by a river):: kanion {m}, przełom {m} can you help me {phrase} (can you help me? ):: [informal] możesz mi pomóc?, [formal, to male] może mi pan pomóc?, [formal, to female] może mi pani pomóc? caoutchouc {n} (natural rubber):: kauczuk {m} cap {n} (head covering):: czapka {f}, kapelusz {m-in}, nakrycie głowy {n} cap {n} (protective cover or seal):: nakrętka cap {n} (artificial upper limit):: limit {m-in}, ograniczenie {n} cap {n} (top part of a mushroom):: kapelusz {m-in} cap {n} (gunpowder charge for a toy gun):: kapiszon {m-in} cap {n} (small amount of explosive used as detonator):: spłonka {f} cap {n} (bullet):: kulka {f} cap {n} (portion of a sphere):: czasza {f} cap {n} (soccer: international appearance):: występ w reprezentacji {m-in} capacitor {n} (electronic component):: kondensator {m} capacity {n} (the ability to hold, receive or absorb):: pojemność {f} capacity {n} (electrical capacitance):: pojemność {f} caparison {n} (coverings for an animal, often ornamental):: kropierz {m} cape {n} (headland):: przylądek {m} cape {n} (garment):: peleryna {f} cape gooseberry {n} (plant):: miechunka peruwiańska {f} Cape of Good Hope {prop} (a cape in southwestern South Africa):: Przylądek Dobrej Nadziei {m} caper {n} (crime) SEE: crime:: caper {n} (capercaillie) SEE: capercaillie:: caper {n} (pickled bud of Capparis spinosa):: kapar caper {n} (plant):: kapar {m} capercaillie {n} ( Tetrao urogallus):: głuszec Capernaum {prop} (The biblical town):: Kafarnaum {n} Cape Town {prop} (legislative capital of South Africa):: Kapsztad {m} Cape Verde {prop} (country in Western Africa):: Republika Zielonego Przylądka {f} Cape Verdean {n} (a person from Cape Verde or of Cape Verdean descent):: Kabowerdyjczyk {m}, Kabowerdyjka {f} capillary {n} (any of small blood vessels that connect arteries to veins):: kapilara {f} capisce {interj} (“understood? ”):: kapisz? [slang], rozumiesz? capital {n} (money and wealth):: kapitał {m} capital {n} (uppermost part of a column):: kapitel {m}, głowica {f} capital {n} (capital letter) SEE: capital letter:: capital {n} (capital city) SEE: capital city:: capital city {n} (city designated as seat of government):: stolica {f} capitalism {n} (socio-economic system based on private property rights):: kapitalizm {m} capitalize {v} (In writing or editing, to make use of capital letters):: pisać z dużej litery capital letter {n} (letters A B C):: duża litera {f}, wielka litera {f} capital punishment {n} (punishment by death):: kara śmierci {f}, najwyższy wymiar kary {m} Capitanian {prop} (subdivision of the Permian):: kapitan {m-in} capitol {n} (Capitoline temple of Jupiter) SEE: Capitol:: capitol {n} (particular capitol buildings) SEE: Capitol:: Capitol {prop} (legislative building in Washington, D. C. ):: Kapitol Stanów Zjednoczonych Capitoline Hill {prop} (hill):: Kapitol {m} capitulate {v} (surrender; end all resistance; to give up; to go along with or comply):: kapitulować, poddać się capo di tutti capi {n} (“boss of all bosses” in the Mafia):: szef wszystkich szefów {m} capon {n} (cockerel grown for food):: kapłon {m} caponier {n} (fortification structure):: kaponiera {f} Cappadocia {prop} (ancient region):: Kapadocja {f} Cappadocian {adj} (of or pertaining to Cappadocia):: kapadocki caprice {n} (impulsive, seemingly unmotivated notion or action):: kaprys {m} capricious {adj} (Impulsive and unpredictable; determined by chance, impulse, or whim):: nagły {m}, kapryśny Capricorn {prop} (constellation) SEE: Capricornus:: Capricorn {prop} (astrological sign):: Koziorożec {m} Capricornus {prop} (constellation):: Koziorożec {m} Capricornus {prop} (astrological sign) SEE: Capricorn:: capsaicin {n} (chemical compound):: kapsaicyna {f} capsicum {n} (plant of the genus Capsicum (only terms covering capsicum in general apply, NOT species-specific)):: papryka {f} capsicum spray {n} (pepper spray) SEE: pepper spray:: capstan {n} (cylindrical machine):: kabestan {m} capsule {n} (weasel) SEE: weasel:: captain {n} (an army officer with a rank between the most senior grade of lieutenant and major):: kapitan {m} captain {n} (a naval officer with a rank between commander and commodore or rear admiral):: kapitan {m} captain {n} (the person lawfully in command of a sea-going vessel):: kapitan {m} captain {n} (the person lawfully in command of an airliner):: kapitan {m} captain {n} (one of the athletes on a sports team designated to make decisions):: kapitan {m} captain {v} (to act as a captain):: dowodzić captain {v} (to exercise command):: dowodzić Captain Obvious {n} (someone who makes superfluous statements):: Kapitan Oczywisty {m} captee {n} (captive) SEE: captive:: caption {n} (capture) SEE: capture:: caption {n} (title or brief explanation attached to an illustration or cartoon):: podpis {m} caption {n} (piece of text appearing on screen as part of a film or broadcast):: napisy {m-p} captive {n} (a person who has been captured):: jeniec {m}, więzień {m} captive {n} (a person held prisoner):: więzień {m}, jeniec {m} captivity {n} (captives) SEE: captive:: captivity {n} (state of being captive):: niewola {f} capture {v} (take control of):: zająć {pf} capture {v} (remove or take control of opponent’s piece):: zbić Capuchin {n} (a member of the Roman Catholic order):: kapucyn {m} car {n} (automobile, a vehicle steered by a driver):: samochód {m-in}, auto {n} car {n} (passenger-carrying unit in a subway or elevated train, whether powered or not):: wagon {m-in} car {n} (moving, load-carrying component of an elevator):: kabina {f} car {n} (railway car, railroad carriage) SEE: carriage:: carabiner {n} (metal link with a gate):: karabinek {m}, karabińczyk {m} caracal {n} ( Caracal caracal):: karakal Caracalla {prop} (emperor):: Karakalla Caracas {prop} (capital of Venezuela):: Caracas carafe {n} (bottle for serving wine, water, or beverages):: karafka {f} carambola {n} (fruit) SEE: star fruit:: caramel {n} (confection):: karmel {m} carat {n} (weight):: karat {m} carat {n} (measure of the purity of gold):: karat {m} caravan {n} (convoy or procession):: karawana {f} caravan {n} (vehicle):: przyczepa kempingowa {f}, przyczepa campingowa {f} caravanserai {n} (an inn having a central courtyard where caravans can rest):: karawanseraj {m} caravel {n} (light, usually lateen-rigged sailing vessel):: karawela caraway {n} (plant):: kminek {m} caraway {n} (seed/fruit):: kminek {m} carbide {n} (any binary compound of carbon and a more electropositive element):: węglik {m} carbine {n} (weapon similar to a rifle but much shorter in length):: karabinek {m} carbohydrate {n} (organic compounds such as sugar, starch or cellulose):: węglowodan {m} carbon {n} (chemical element):: węgiel {m} carbon {n} (informal: carbon copy):: kalka {f} carbon {n} (impure carbon ( e. g., coal, charcoal)):: węgiel {m} carbon {n} (ecology: carbon dioxide, in the context of global warming):: dwutlenek węgla {m} carbonado {v} (to cut or hack) SEE: cut:: carbonado {n} (impure form of polycrystalline diamond):: karbonado carbonate {n} (any salt or ester of carbonic acid):: węglan {m} carbon dioxide {n} (CO₂):: dwutlenek węgla {m} carbonic acid {n} (A weak unstable acid, H 2 CO 3):: kwas węglowy {m} Carboniferous {adj} (relating to the geologic period):: karboński Carboniferous {prop} (the geologic period):: karbon {m-in} carbon monoxide {n} (chemical of the formula CO):: tlenek węgla, czad {m} carboxylic {adj} (of, or relating to the carboxyl functional group):: karboksylowy carboxylic acid {n} (organic compound containing a carboxyl functional group):: kwas karboksylowy carburetor {n} (a device in an internal combustion engine):: gaźnik {m} carburettor {n} (motor car part) SEE: carburetor:: car carrier {n} (ship):: samochodowiec {m} carcass {n} (body of a dead animal):: ścierwo {n} carcass {n} (body of a dead human) SEE: corpse:: carcinogenesis {n} (the creation of cancer cells):: karcynogeneza, kancerogeneza, karcinogeneza {f} card {n} (hand-held tool for preparing materials for spinning):: zgrzebło {n} card {n} (playing card) SEE: playing card:: card {n} (card game) SEE: card game:: cardboard {n} (material resembling heavy paper):: karton {m} card game {n} (any of very many games played with playing cards):: karty, gra karciana, gra w karty cardiac {adj} (pertaining to the heart):: sercowy cardiac arrest {n} (cessation of the heartbeat resulting in the loss of effective circulation of the blood):: zatrzymanie akcji serca {n} cardigan {n} (type of sweater):: sweter {m} cardinal {adj} (of fundamental importance):: kardynalny {m} cardinal {adj} (describing a number that indicates quantity):: kardynalny {m} cardinal {adj} (having a bright red color):: purpurowy {m} cardinal {n} (number indicating quantity):: liczba główna {f}, liczba kardynalna {f} cardinal {n} (official of the Catholic Church):: kardynał {m} cardinal {n} (bird of the genus Cardinalis):: kardynał {m} cardinal {n} (any bird in family Cardinalidae):: kardynał {m} cardinal {n} (colour):: purpura {f} cardinal {n} (mulled wine) SEE: mulled wine:: cardinal {n} (cardinal numeral) SEE: cardinal numeral:: cardinality {n} ((set theory)):: liczebność {f}, moc {f} cardinal number {n} (number used to denote the size of a set):: liczba kardynalna {f} cardinal number {n} (cardinal numeral) SEE: cardinal numeral:: cardinal numeral {n} (grammar: word used to represent a cardinal number):: liczebnik główny {m} cardio- {prefix} (pertaining to the heart):: kardio- cardioid {n} (epicycloid with one cusp):: kardioida {f} cardiological {adj} (of or pertaining to cardiology):: kardiologiczny cardiologist {n} (physician):: kardiolog {m} {f} cardiology {n} (study of the structure of the heart):: kardiologia {f} cardoon {n} (perennial plant):: karczoch hiszpanski {m} cardplayer {n} (one who plays cards):: karciarz {m} cards {n} (card game) SEE: card game:: cardshark {n} (cardsharp) SEE: cardsharp:: cardsharp {n} (professional cheater at card games):: szuler {m} care {n} (close attention, concern or responsibility):: troska {f} care {n} (treatment of those in need):: opieka {f} care {v} (to be concerned about):: martwić się care {v} (to look after):: opiekować się, troszczyć się {impf}, dbać {impf} care {v} (to be mindful of):: obchodzić {impf}, troszczyć się {impf} Care Bear {n} (fictional animal) SEE: Care Bears:: Care Bears {n} (Fictional cartoon bears):: Troskliwe Misie {m-p} career {n} (one's calling in life; a person's occupation):: kariera carefree {adj} (worry free, light hearted, etc. ):: beztroski careful {adj} (cautious):: ostrożny careful {adj} (meticulous):: drobiazgowy carefully {adv} (in a careful manner):: ostrożnie care killed the cat {proverb} (curiosity killed the cat) SEE: curiosity killed the cat:: careless {adj} (not giving sufficient attention or thought):: niedbały careless {adj} (not concerned or worried) SEE: carefree:: carelessness {n} (lack of care):: lekkomyślność caress {n} (endearment):: pieszczota {f} caress {v} (touch or kiss lovingly):: pieścić {impf}, głaskać {impf} caretaker {n} (one who takes care of a place or thing):: dozorca {m}, dozorczyni {f} cargo {n} (freight carried by a ship):: ładunek {m} cargo ship {n} (ship that carries cargo):: towarowiec {m} Caria {prop} (a historical region in the southwest corner of Asia Minor):: Karia {f} Carian {prop} (language):: karyjski {m} Carian {adj} (of, or relating to Caria):: karyjski {m} Caribbean {adj} (Pertaining to the sea and region bounded by the American continent and the West Indies):: karaibski {m} Caribbean {prop} (sea):: Morze Karaibskie {n} Caribbean {prop} (countries):: Karaiby {p} Caribbean Sea {prop} (a tropical sea in the Western Hemisphere):: Morze Karaibskie {n} caribou {n} (North American reindeer):: karibu {m} caricature {n} (pictorial representation of someone for comic effect):: karykatura {f} caricature {n} (grotesque misrepresentation):: karykatura {f} caricature {v} (represent in exaggerated manner):: karykaturować caries {n} (progressive destruction of bone or tooth by decay):: próchnica {f} Carina {prop} (constellation):: Kil {m} Carinthia {prop} (state of Austria):: Karyntia {f} carious {adj} (decayed, rotten) SEE: rotten:: Carl {prop} (male given names cognate to Carl) SEE: Charles:: carline thistle {n} (thistle):: dziewięćsił {m} carman {n} (person who transported goods):: wozak {m} carnage {n} (death and destruction):: rzeź {f} carnal {adj} (relating to the physical and especially sexual appetites):: cielesny carnation {n} (plant):: goździk {m} carnation {n} (flower):: goździk {m} carnauba {n} (wax):: carnauba carnet {n} (a ticket book, a collection of tickets in the form of a booklet often sold at a discount to single tickets):: karnet {m} carnival {n} (festive occasion marked by parades):: karnawał {m} carnivore {n} (meat-eating animal):: mięsożerca {m}, drapieżnik {m} carnivorous {adj} (Of, or relating to carnivores, or the taxonomic order Carnivora):: mięsożerny carnivorous {adj} (Predatory or flesh-eating):: mięsożerny, drapieżny carnivorous {adj} (Insectivorous):: owadożerny (o roślinach) carol {n} (song of joy):: carol, kolęda carol {n} (religious or secular song sung at Christmastime):: kolęda {f} Carolina chickadee {n} ( Poecile carolinensis):: sikora karolińska {f} Caroline {prop} (female given name):: Karolina {f} carotenoid {n} (class of organic compounds):: karotenoid {m} carouse {v} (To engage in a noisy or drunken social gathering):: hulać carousel {n} (merry-go-round) SEE: merry-go-round:: carp {n} (Any of various freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae):: karp {m} carp {v} (To complain about a fault):: utyskiwać carpal tunnel {n} (passageway on the palmar side of the wrist):: Kanał nadgarstka car park {n} (outdoor parking area) SEE: parking lot:: Carpathians {prop} (mountainous system in Central Europe):: Karpaty {p} carp bream {n} ( Abramis brama):: leszcz {m} carpe diem {proverb} (seize the day):: chwytaj dzień carpel {n} (structural unit of a pistil):: słupek {m} carpenter {n} (carpentry person):: cieśla {m}, stolarz {m}, stolarka {f} carpentry {n} (trade of cutting and joining timber):: stolarstwo {n} carpet {n} (a fabric used as a floor covering):: dywan {m}, kobierzec {m} [various meanings] carpetbagger {n} (One who comes to a place or organisation primarily or solely for personal gain):: spadochroniarz {m} [mainly of Polish politicians] carpetbeater {n} (a tool used in housecleaning):: trzepaczka {f}, trzepaczka do dywanów {f} carpet shark {n} (ferret) SEE: ferret:: carpet shark {n} (shark of the order Orectolobiformes):: dywanokształtne, rekiny dywanowe carrack {n} (ship):: karaka {f} car radio {n} (radio specifically tuned for usage inside cars):: radio samochodowe {n} carriage {n} (wheeled vehicle, generally drawn by horse power):: powóz {m}, kareta {f} [coach] carriage {n} (railroad car):: wagon {m} carriage {n} (part of typewriter):: karetka {f} carriage house {n} (building for keeping a horse and carriage):: wozownia {f}, powozownia {f} carriageway {n} (part of a road that carries traffic):: jezdnia {f} carrier {n} (signal modulated to transmit information):: nośnik {m} carrier {n} (person or organism that has inherited a trait or disease but displays no symptoms):: nosiciel {m}, nosicielka {f} carrier bag {n} (thin bag):: reklamówka {f} carrier wave {n} (wave that can be modulated to transmit signals):: częstotliwość nośna {f}, fala nośna {f} carrion {n} (dead flesh; carcasses):: padlina {f} carrion crow {n} ( Corvus corone):: czarnowron {m} carrot {n} ( Daucus carota ssp. sativus):: marchewka {f}, marchew {f} carry {v} (to carry) SEE: bear:: carry {v} (to transport by lifting):: [abstract, on foot] nosić, [concrete, on foot] nieść; [abstract, by vehicle] wozić, [concrete, by vehicle] wieźć carry coals to Newcastle {v} (do something unneeded or redundant):: wozić drewno do lasu (carry wood into the forest) carrying pole {n} (a yoke of wood or bamboo, used by people to carry a load):: koromysło {n} carry on {v} (misbehave) SEE: misbehave:: carry out {v} (to carry out) SEE: fulfill:: carry out {v} (To hold while moving something out. ):: wynieść {pf}, wynosić {impf} carry out {v} (To fulfill):: wykonać {pf}, wykonywać {impf} carsickness {n} (motion sickness due to riding in a vehicle):: choroba lokomocyjna {f} cart {n} (small, open, wheeled vehicle, see also: wagon):: fura {f}, wóz {m}, wózek {m} carte blanche {n} (unlimited discretionary power to act; unrestricted authority):: carte blanche carte de visite {n} (business card) SEE: business card:: Cartesianism {n} (The philosophy of René Descartes):: kartezjanizm {m} Cartesian product {n} (set of possible pairs):: iloczyn kartezjański {m}, produkt kartezjański {m} Carthage {prop} (ancient city in North Africa):: Kartagina {f} Carthaginian {adj} (of or pertaining to Carthage):: kartagiński cartilage {n} (dense connective tissue):: chrząstka {f} cartographer {n} (one who makes maps or charts):: kartograf {m} cartographic {adj} (of or pertaining to the making of maps):: kartograficzny cartographical {adj} (cartographic) SEE: cartographic:: cartography {n} (creation of charts and maps):: kartografia {f} cartomancy {n} (fortune-telling using cards):: kartomancja {f} carton {n} (a carton of cigarette packs):: blok {m} cartoon {n} (humorous drawing or strip):: komiks {m}, historyjka obrazkowa {f} cartoon {n} (satire of public figures):: karykatura {f} cartoon {n} (artist's preliminary sketch):: szkic {m} cartoon {n} (animated cartoon):: kreskówka {f}, film rysunkowy {m}, film animowany {m} cartouche {n} (in architecture):: kartusz {m} cartridge {n} (firearms package):: nabój {m} cartridge {n} (vessel which contains the ink for a computer printer):: kartridż {m}, kaseta drukująca {f}, wkład drukujący {m}, kartusz {f}, pojemnik z tuszem {m} cartridge box {n} (case for cartridges, see also: bandolier):: ładownica {f} cartulary {n} (document collection):: kartulariusz, kopiariusz, kopiał, kopiarz carve {v} (shape a work by cutting):: ryć {impf} carvel {n} (light, usually lateen-rigged sailing vessel) SEE: caravel:: carving knife {n} (a large knife):: nóż do mięsa {m} car wash {n} (place at which a car is washed, often mechanically):: myjnia samochodów {f} caryopsis {n} (type of fruit):: ziarniak {m} Casablanca {prop} (city):: Casablanca {f}, Casablanka {f} Casanova {n} (man considered romantic and gallant):: casanova Casanova {n} (promiscuous, philandering man):: casanova {m} cascade {n} (waterfall):: kaskada {f} cascade {n} (sequence of events):: kaskada {f} cascade {n} (series of electric components):: kaskada {f} cascade {v} (To arrange in a stepped series like a waterfall):: kaskadować case {n} (actual event, situation, or fact):: przypadek {m-in}, wypadek {m-in} case {n} (legal proceeding):: postępowanie {n}, sprawa {f}, proces {m-in} case {n} (box containing a number of identical items of manufacture):: skrzynia case {n} (grammatical case) SEE: grammatical case:: case dependent {adj} (case sensitive) SEE: case sensitive:: casein {n} (protein):: kazeina {f} case insensitive {adj} (treating upper- and lowercase letters as being the same):: nierozróżniający wielkości liter casemate {n} (bombproof chamber as part of fortification):: kazamata {f} casement {n} (casemate) SEE: casemate:: case sensitive {adj}:: rozróżniający wielkość liter caseworker {n} (social worker) SEE: social worker:: cash {n} (money in the form of notes/bills and coins):: gotówka {f}, pieniądze {m-p} [money] cash cow {n} (something that generates free cash flow):: dojna krowa {f}, żyła złota {f} cash cow {n} (someone or something which is a dependable source of appreciable amounts of money):: dojna krowa {f}, żyła złota {f} cash desk {n} (place with a cash register):: kasa {f} cash dispenser {n} (automated teller machine) SEE: automated teller machine:: cashew {n} (tree):: nerkowiec cashew {n} (cashew nut) SEE: cashew nut:: cashew nut {n} (the seed of the cashew tree):: orzech nerkowca {m} cashier's desk {n} (cash desk) SEE: cash desk:: cash in {v} (to die) SEE: die:: cash machine {n} (automated teller machine) SEE: automated teller machine:: cashmere {n} (soft fabric made of wool):: kaszmir {m} cashpoint {n} (automated teller machine) SEE: automated teller machine:: cash register {n} (machine):: kasa {f}, kasa fiskalna {f} Casimir {prop} (male given name):: Kazimierz {m} casino {n} (public building or room for entertainment, especially gambling):: kasyno {n} casket {n} (urn):: urna {f} casket {n} (coffin) SEE: coffin:: Caspian {adj} (Of or pertaining to Caspian Sea or the region around it. ):: kaspijski Caspian gull {n} ( Larus cachinnans):: mewa białogłowa {f} Caspian Sea {prop} (landlocked sea):: Morze Kaspijskie {n} Cassandra {prop} (prophetess who was daughter of King Priam of Troy):: Kasandra {f} casserole {n} (food, such as a stew, cooked in such a dish):: zapiekanka {f} cassette {n} (small flat case containing magnetic tape):: kaseta {f} cassette {n} (set of sprockets on a bicycle):: kaseta {f} cassette tape {n} (magnetic tape in a cassette):: taśma magnetofonowa {f} Cassiopeia {prop} (mythical wife of Cepheus):: Kasjopeja {f} Cassiopeia {prop} (constellation):: Kasjopeja {f} cassock {n} (item of clerical clothing):: sutanna {f} cassowary {n} (a large flightless bird of the genus Casuarius):: kazuar {m} cast {n} (group of actors performing together):: obsada {f} castanet {n} (a single handheld percussion instrument):: kastaniety {f-p} castanets {n} (a percussion instrument) SEE: castanet:: cast away {v} (discard):: wyrzucać castaway {n} (nautical: shipwrecked sailor):: rozbitek {m} castaway {n} (someone cast out of a group or society):: wyrzutek caste {n} (hereditary social class):: kasta {f} Castelnau's antshrike {n} (passerine bird of the antbird family):: chronka smolista caster {n} (wheeled assembly):: koło kastora {n} caster {n} (shaker with perforated top):: pieprzniczka {f} [pepper shaker], solniczka {f} [salt shaker] castigate {v} (to punish or reprimand someone severely):: [srogo] karcić {impf}, strofować {impf} castigate {v} (to criticize something severely):: [ostro] potępiać {impf}, krytykować {impf}, piętnować {impf} castigate {v} (to revise a publication):: poprawić {pf}, korygować {impf} Castile {prop} (medieval Iberian kingdom):: Kastylia Castile and León {prop} (autonomous community of Spain):: Kastylia i León Castile soap {n} (type of soap):: mydło kastylijskie {n} casting {n} (selection of performers):: casting {m} cast iron {n} (hard, brittle alloy of iron, carbon, silicon):: żeliwo {n} castle {n} (fortified building):: zamek {m} castle {n} (chess piece) SEE: rook:: castling {n} (move in chess):: roszada {f} castor {n} (a pivoting roller) SEE: caster:: castor {n} (container for sprinkling) SEE: caster:: castoreum {n} ( castor sac exudate):: strój bobrowy {m}, kastoreum {m} castor oil plant {n} ( Ricinus communis):: rącznik pospolity {m} cast pearls before swine {v} (cast pearls before swine):: rzucać perły przed wieprze castrate {v} (remove the testicles of):: kastrować castrato {n} (male who has been castrated):: kastrat {m} castrato {n} (male soprano or alto voice; the singer):: kastrat {m} casual {adj} (happening by chance):: dorywczy {m}, doraźny {m} casual {adj} (coming without regularity; occasional or incidental):: przypadkowy {m} casual {adj} (employed irregularly):: sezonowy {m} casual {adj} (careless):: niedbały {m} casual {adj} (designed for informal or everyday use):: codzienny {m} casualty {n} (person):: poszkodowany {m}, ofiara {f} cat {v} (vomit):: wymiotować cat {n} (spiteful woman) SEE: bitch:: cat {n} (type of boat) SEE: catboat:: cat {n} (type of fish) SEE: catfish:: cat {n} (domestic species):: kot {m-an}, kotka {f}, kocur {m-an}, kocica {f}, kotek {m-an} [diminutive] cat {n} (member of the family Felidae):: kot {m-an} catabolism {n} (destructive metabolism):: katabolizm {m} cataclysm {n} (sudden, violent event):: kataklizm {m} catacomb {n} (underground system of tunnels and chambers with recesses for graves):: katakumba {f} catafalque {n} (platform to display or convey a coffin):: katafalk {m} Catalan {n} (person from Catalonia):: Katalończyk {m-pr}, Katalonka {f} Catalan {prop} (language of Catalonia):: język kataloński {m-in} Catalan {adj} (Of or pertaining to Catalonia):: kataloński Catalanness {n} (identification or conformity with Catalan values and customs):: katalońskość {f} catalepsy {n} (catalepsy):: katalepsja {f} cataleptic {n} (cataleptic):: kataleptyczny catalogue {n} (a systematic list of names, books, pictures etc. ):: katalog {m} catalogue {n} (a list of all the publications in a library):: katalog {m} Catalonia {prop} (autonomous community in Spain):: Katalonia {f} Catalonian {adj} (Catalan) SEE: Catalan:: Catalonian {n} (Catalan) SEE: Catalan:: catalysis {n} (chemistry: the increase of the rate of a chemical reaction induced by a catalyst):: kataliza {f} catalyst {n} (substance which increases the rate of a chemical reaction without being consumed in the process):: katalizator {m} catalyst {n} (someone or something that helps or encourages progress or change):: katalizator {m} catalyst {n} (catalytic converter) SEE: catalytic converter:: catalytic {adj} (of, or relating to catalysts):: katalityczny {m} catalytically {adv} (by catalysis):: katalitycznie catalytic converter {n} (a chamber which oxidises carbon dioxide from exhaust gases):: katalizator {m} catalyze {v} (to bring about the catalysis of a chemical reaction):: katalizować catalyze {v} (to accelerate a process):: katalizować catamaran {n} (twin-hulled boat):: katamaran {m} cat and mouse {n} (two keeping check on one another):: gra w kotka i myszkę {f}, grać w kotka i myszkę {impf} Catania {prop} (province of Sicily):: Katania {f} Catania {prop} (capital of Catania):: Katania {f} catapult {n} (slingshot) SEE: slingshot:: catapult {n} (device for launching large objects):: katapulta {f} catapult {v} (to fire a missile from a catapult):: katapultować catarrh {n} (inflammation of the mucous membranes):: katar {m} catastrophe {n} (any large and disastrous event of great significance):: katastrofa {f} catastrophic {adj} (of or pertaining to a catastrophe):: katastrofalny catastrophic {adj} (disastrous; ruinous):: katastrofalny catastrophically {adv} (in a catastrophic manner):: katastrofalnie catatonia {n} (severe psychiatric condition):: katatonia catboat {n} (type of boat):: ket {m} catch {n} (a hidden difficulty, especially in a deal or negotiation):: haczyk {m} catch {v} (to capture or snare):: łapać {impf}, złapać {pf}, schwytać {pf} catch {v} (to intercept an object in the air etc. ):: łapać {impf}, złapać {pf}, chwytać {impf}, chwycić {pf} catch {v} (to perceive and understand):: dostrzegać {impf}, dostrzec {pf}, ogarniać {impf} [slang], ogarnąć {pf} [slang] catch {v} (to reach in time to leave):: zdążyć {pf}, załapać się {pf} catch {v} (to handle a computer error, especially an exception):: przechwycać {impf}, przechwycić {pf} catch a cold {v} (contract a cold):: przeziębić się {pf} catchment area {n} (area from which water drains) SEE: drainage basin:: catch up {v} (To reach something that had been ahead):: dogonić, nadgonić catechism {n} (book summarizing the principles of Christianity):: katechizm {m} catechist {n}:: katecheta {m}, katechetka {f} catechistic {adj}:: katechetyczny catechumen {n} (convert to Christianity prior to baptism):: katechumen {m} categorization {n} (the process of sorting or arranging things into categories or classes):: kategoryzacja {f}, klasyfikacja {f} category {n} (group):: kategoria {f} catenoid {n} (Three-dimensional surface formed by rotation of a catenary):: katenoida cater-cousin {n} (bosom friend) SEE: bosom friend:: catering {n} (the business of providing food and related services):: catering {m} caterpillar {n} (larva of a butterfly):: gąsienica {f} caterpillar {n} (vehicle with a caterpillar track):: pojazd gąsienicowy {m} caterpillar track {n} (continuous track in the form of steel or rubber belt):: gąsienica {f} catfish {n} (type of fish, see also: sheatfish):: sum {m} cat food {n} (type of food formulated for the feeding of cats):: kotów catgirl {n} (female character with feline characteristics):: dziewczyna-kot {f} cat got someone's tongue {phrase} (why are you not saying anything? ):: zaniemówić (to dry up) cathedral {n} (principal church of a bishop's diocese):: katedra {f} Catherine {prop} (female given name):: Katarzyna {f} catheter {n} (small tube inserted into a body cavity):: kateter {m}, cewnik {m} cathetus {n} (either of the sides of a right triangle other than its hypotenuse):: przyprostokątna {f} cathexis {n} (the concentration of libido or emotional energy on a single object or idea):: kateksja {f} cathode {n} (electrode through which current flows outward):: katoda {f} cathodic {adj} (physics):: katodowy {m} Catholic {adj} (of the Western Christian church, as differentiated from the Orthodox church):: katolicki Catholic {adj} (of the Roman Catholic church):: rzymskokatolicki {m} Catholic {n} (member of a Catholic church):: katolik {m} Catholic Church {n} (24 particular churches in full communion with the Pope as the Bishop of Rome):: Kościół katolicki {m} Catholicism {n} (faiths, practices and doctrines of a Catholic Church):: katolicyzm {m} catholicity {n} (Catholicism) SEE: Catholicism:: catholicos {n} (high-ranking bishop or patriarch):: katolikos cation {n} (a positively charged ion):: kation {m} catkin {n} (botany: a type of inflorescence):: kotka {f}, bazia {f} catmint {n} (catnip) SEE: catnip:: catnip {n} (plants of the genus Nepeta, family Lamiaceae):: kocimiętka catnip {n} (specific species which causes intoxication among cats):: kocimiętka właściwa catoblepas {n} (mythological creature):: katoblepas cat's claw {n} ( Martynia annua):: wibudłak {m} cat's claw {n} ( Uncaria tomentosa):: czepota puszysta {f} cattail {n} (any of several perennial herbs of the genus Typha):: pałka {f} cattle {n} (domesticated bovine animals):: bydło {n} cattle {n} (pejorative: people who resemble cattle in behavior or destiny):: bydło {n} Caucasian {adj} (pertaining to the Caucasus region or people):: kaukaski Caucasian {adj} (pertaining to the anthropological race):: kaukaski {m} Caucasology {n} (the historical, linguistic or geopolitical studies of Caucasus region):: Kaukazologia Caucasus {prop} (geographic region):: Kaukaz {m} caudal fin {n} (the tailfin of a fish and other aquatic vertebrates):: płetwa ogonowa {f} caul {n} (part of the amniotic sac which sometimes shrouds a baby’s head at birth):: czepek {m} cauldron {n} (large bowl-shaped pot):: kocioł {m} cauliflower {n} (Vegetable):: kalafior {m} cauliflower {n} (Edible head of a cauliflower plant):: kalafior {m} causality {n} (agency of cause):: przyczynowość {f} causate {v} (cause) SEE: cause:: causation {n} (causality) SEE: causality:: cause {n} (source or reason of an event or action):: przyczyna {f} cause {v} (to set off an event or action):: powodować {impf}, spowodować {pf} cause and effect {n} (causality) SEE: causality:: causeway {n} (raised roadway):: grobla {f}, droga na grobli {f} caustic {adj} (capable of destroying organic tissue):: kaustyczny {m}, żrący {m} caution {n} (precept or warning against evil or danger):: ostrzeżenie {n}, przestroga {f} caution {n} (careful attention, prudence):: ostrożność {f}, roztropność {f}, przezorność {f}, uwaga {f} cautious {adj} (careful):: ostrożny {m} cautiously {adv} (in a cautious manner):: ostrożnie cavalry {n} (military service that fights with riding horses):: kawaleria {f}, konnica {f} cave {n} (large, naturally occurring cavity formed underground):: jaskinia {f} caveat {n} (warning):: zastrzeżenie {n} caveman {n} (early humans or related species):: człowiek jaskiniowy {m}, jaskiniowiec {m} cavern {n} (large cave):: jaskinia {f} caviar {n} (roe of the sturgeon or other large fish (black caviar)):: kawior {m}, ikra {f} caviar {n} (red caviar) SEE: ikra:: cavitation {n} (formation of vapor bubbles):: kawitacja {f} cavity {n} (hole or hollow depression):: wydrążenie {n}, dziura {f} cavity {n} (hole and soft area in tooth caused by caries):: ubytek {m} cavort {v} (move/play boisterously):: figlować, swawolić cavy {n} (guinea pig) SEE: guinea pig:: caw {n} (cry of a crow):: krakanie {n} caw {v} (to make the cry of a crow, rook, or raven):: krakać {impf}, kraknąć {pf} Cayman Islands {prop} (British territory in the Caribbean):: Kajmany cc {n} (carbon copy):: k. o., DW, aa CCTV {n} (closed circuit television):: telewizja przemysłowa {f}, telewizja obserwacyjna {f} CD burner {n} (CD burner):: nagrywarka CD {f} CE {prop} (Common/Current/Christian Era):: n. e. ( naszej ery) Ceará {prop} (state in north-eastern Brazil):: Ceará {f} cease {v} (intransitive):: zaprzestać cease-fire {n} (in warfare, an agreed end to hostilities for a specific purpose):: zawieszenie broni {n}, rozejm {m} Cecil {prop} (male given name):: Cecyliusz {m} Cecilia {prop} (female given name):: Cecylia {f} cedar {n} (coniferous tree in genus Cedrus):: cedr {m} cedar {n} (aromatic wood):: cedr {m} ceil {n} (ceiling) SEE: ceiling:: ceiling {n} (upper limit of room):: sufit {m}, strop {m} ceiling {n} (smallest integer):: sufit {m} ceiling fan {n} (fan fixture on a ceiling):: wentylator sufitowy celadon {n} (pale green colour):: seledyn {m} celadon {n} (pale green glaze):: celadon {m}, seladon {m} celadon {n} (ceramic with pale green glaze):: celadon {m}, seladon {m} celeb {n} (a celebrity):: celebryta {m}, celebrytka {f} celebrate {v} (extol or honour in a solemn manner):: wychwalać {impf}, sławić {impf} celebrate {v} (honour by rites, ceremonies, etc. ):: obchodzić {impf}, celebrować {impf} celebrate {v} (to engage in joyful activity in appreciation of an event):: świętować {impf}, uczcić {pf}, oblać {pf} [colloquial], fetować {impf}, celebrować {impf} celebration {n} (formal performance of a solemn rite):: celebracja {f}, celebra {f} celebrity {n} (famous person):: celebryta {m}, celebrytka {f} celery {n} (herb):: seler {m} celery {n} (the stalks of this herb):: seler {m} celesta {n} (musical instrument):: czelesta celestial {adj} (relating to heaven (religious)):: niebiański celestial {adj} (relating to sky):: niebiański celestial body {n} (natural object beyond Earth's atmosphere):: ciało niebieskie {n} celestially {adv} (in a celestial manner):: niebiańsko celestial sphere {n} (abstract sphere of infinite radius):: sfera niebieska {f} celestine {n} (mineral):: celestyn {m} Celia {prop} (female given name):: Celina {f}, Celia {f} celibacy {n} (state of being unmarried):: celibat {m} celibacy {n} (abstaining from sexual relations):: celibat {m} celibate {adj} (unmarried):: nieżonaty {m}, niezamężna {f} celibate {n} (person who is not married):: osoba żyjąca w celibacie Celine {prop} (female given name):: Celina {f} cell {n} (component of an electrical battery):: ogniwo {n} cell {n} (room in a prison for containing inmates):: cela {f} cell {n} (room in a monastery for sleeping one person):: cela {f} cell {n} (small thunderstorm that forms ahead of a storm front):: komórka burzowa {f} cell {n} (basic unit of a living organism):: komórka {f} cell {n} (biological cavity):: komórka {f} cell {n} (minimal unit of a cellular automaton that can change state and has an associated behavior):: komórka {f} cell {n} (a short, fixed-length packet as in asynchronous transfer mode):: komórka {f} cell {n} (region of radio reception that is a part of a larger radio network):: komórka {f} cell {n} (informal: a cellular telephone, see also: mobile phone):: komórka {f} cellar {n} (underground space):: piwnica {f}, loch {m} cellar door {n} (door leading to a cellar):: drzwi piwniczne {p} cellist {n} (person who plays the cello):: wiolonczelista {m}, wiolonczelistka {f} cell nucleus {n} (cytology: large organelle found in cells) SEE: nucleus:: cello {n} (musical instrument):: wiolonczela {f} cellophane {n} (the transparent plastic film):: celofan {m} cell phone {n} (mobile phone) SEE: mobile phone:: cellular {n} (mobile phone) SEE: mobile phone:: cellular {adj} (of, relating to, consisting of, or resembling a cell or cells):: komórkowy cellular phone {n} (mobile phone) SEE: mobile phone:: cellulose {n} (the polysaccharide cellulose):: celuloza {f} cell wall {n} (thick layer around cells of plants, fungi, and algae):: ściana komórkowa {f} Celt {prop} (ancient):: Celt {m} Celtiberian {prop} (language):: celtyberyjski {m} Celtic {prop} (branch of languages):: celtycki {m} Celtic {adj} (of the Celts; of the style of the Celts):: celtycki {m}, celtycka {f}, celtyckie {n} Celtic studies {n} (academic discipline):: celtologia {f} Celtology {n} (Celtic studies) SEE: Celtic studies:: cembalo {n} (cembalo) SEE: harpsichord:: cembra {n} ( Pinus cembra) SEE: Swiss pine:: cement {n} (a powdered substance):: cement {m} cement {n} (the paste-like substance):: cement {m} cementum {n} (cementum):: cement {m}, kostniwo {n} cemetery {n} (a place where the dead are buried) SEE: graveyard:: cenobite {n} (monk who lives in a religious community, rather than in solitude):: cenobita {m} Cenomanian {prop}:: cenoman {m-in} cenotaph {n} (monument to honor the dead whose bodies lie elsewhere):: cenotaf {m} cenote {n} (deep natural well or sinkhole):: cenote Cenozoic {adj} (of a geological era from 65 million years ago to present):: kenozoiczny Cenozoic {prop} (geological epoch):: kenozoik {m-in}, era kenozoiczna {f} censer {n} (religious ornamental container for burning incense):: kadzidło {n} censor {v} (to review in order to remove objectionable content):: cenzurować {impf} censor {v} (to remove objectionable content):: cenzurować {impf}, ocenzurować {pf} censorship {n} (use of state or group power to control freedom of expression):: cenzura {f} censurer {n} (censor) SEE: censor:: cent {n} (subunit of currency in US and elsewhere):: cent {m} cent {n} (one-hundredth of a euro):: eurocent {m}, cent {m} centaur {n} (mythical half-man, half-horse):: centaur {m} Centaurus {prop} (spring constellation of the northern sky):: Centaur {m} centenarian {adj} (being at least 100 yrs old):: stulatek, stulatka centenarian {n} (one who is at least 100 years old):: stulatek {m}, stulatka {f} centenary {n} (centennial) SEE: centennial:: centenary {adj} (of, or pertaining to, or completing a period of 100 years):: stuletni centenier {n} (centurion) SEE: centurion:: centennial {n} (100th anniversary):: stulecie {n} center {n} (point equidistant from all points on the perimeter of a circle):: środek {m}, centrum {n} center {n} (point equidistant from all points on the surface of a sphere):: środek {m} center {n} (point on a line midway between the ends):: środek {m} center {n} (point in the interior of figure with mean coordinates):: środek {m} center {n} (place where a function or activity occurs):: centrum {n}, ośrodek {m} center {n} (topic of particular importance):: centrum {n} center of gravity {n} (point, near or within a body, at which the object's mass can be assumed to be concentrated):: środek ciężkości center of gravity {n} (any pivotal or central idea or group):: środek ciężkości {m} centi- {prefix} (10 -2):: centy- centimetre {n} (one-hundredth of a metre):: centymetr {m} centipede {n} (a segmented arthropod of class Chilopoda):: stonoga {f}, parecznik {m} central {adj} (being in the centre):: centralny Central African Republic {prop} (country in Central Africa):: Republika Środkowoafrykańska Central America {prop} (part of North America):: Ameryka Centralna {f} Central American {adj} (relating to Central America):: środkowoamerykański Central Asia {prop} (smaller area of Central Asia):: Azja Środkowa {f} Central Asian {adj} (of Central Asia):: środkowoazjatycki Central Europe {prop} (geographical region in the center of Europe):: Europa Środkowa {f} Central European {adj} (Central European):: środkowoeuropejski {m}, środkowoeuropejska {f}; centralnoeuropejski {m}, centralnoeuropejska {f} Central European {n} (Central European person):: Środkowy Europejczyk {m}, Środkowa Europejka {f}, Środkowoeuropejczyk {m}, Środkowoeuropejka {f}, centralny Europejczyk {m}, Centralna Europejka {f} central heating {n} (heating system):: centralne ogrzewanie {n} centralism {n} (system that centralizes):: centralizm {m} centrally {adv} (in a central manner or situation):: centralnie central processing unit {n} (part of a computer):: procesor {m} centre {n} (center) SEE: center:: centre {v} (center) SEE: center:: centrifuge {n} (device for separation of substances):: centryfuga {f}, wirówka centurion {n} (commander of a century of soldiers):: centurion {m} century {n} (100 years):: stulecie {n}, wiek {m-in} century {n} (Roman army type unit):: centuria {f} century {n} (political division of Rome):: centuria {f} cep {n} ( Boletus edulis) SEE: porcini:: cepe {n} ( Boletus edulis) SEE: porcini:: cephalalgia {n} (headache) SEE: headache:: cephalic {adj} (of or referring to the head):: głowowy cephalopod {n} (mollusc):: głowonóg {m} cephalothorax {n} (anatomy: fused head and thorax):: głowotułów {m} Cephas {prop} (male given name):: Kefas {m} Cepheus {prop} (mythical husband of Cassiopeia):: Cefeusz {m} Cepheus {prop} (constellation):: Cefeusz {m} ceramic {adj} (of or pertaining to ceramic as material):: ceramiczny ceramic {n} (material):: ceramika {f} ceramics {n} (art):: ceramika {f} ceramics {n} (ceramics objects as a group):: ceramika {f} Cerberus {prop} (mythological three-headed dog):: Cerber {m} cere {n} (cere):: woskówka {f} cereal {n} (type of grass):: zboże {f} cereal {n} (grains of such a grass):: zboże {n} cerebellum {n} (part of the hindbrain in vertebrates):: móżdżek {m} cerebral {adj} (of, or relating to the brain):: mózgowy cerebral {adj} (intellectual):: intelektualny cerebral {adj} (retroflex) SEE: retroflex:: cerebral aqueduct {n} (channel in the brain):: wodociąg mózgu {m} cerebral cortex {n} (layer of the brain):: kora mózgowa {f} cerebral hemisphere {n} (region of the brain):: półkula {f}, półkula mózgu {f} cerebral palsy {n} (group of non-contagious conditions):: porażenie mózgowe {f} ceremony {n} (ritual with religious significance):: ceremonia {f}, obrzęd {m} Ceres {prop} (dwarf planet):: Ceres {f} cerium {n} (chemical element):: cer {m} certain {adj} (sure, positive, not doubting):: pewny {m} certain {adj} (not specifically named, indeterminate, indefinite):: jakiś certainly {adv} (without doubt, surely):: z pewnością certainly {adv} (emphatic affirmative answer):: na pewno, zdecydowanie certainty {n} (state of being certain):: pewność {f} certificate {n} (a document containing a certified statement):: certyfikat {m} cerulean {n} (sky blue):: modry {m} cerumen {n} (earwax) SEE: earwax:: cerussite {n} (mineral):: cerusyt {m} cervical {adj} (of the neck):: szyjny cervical cancer {n} (cancer of the cervix):: rak szyjki macicy {m} cervical cap {n} (contraceptive device):: Diaphragma {f}, Wkładka domaciczna {f} cervix {n} (neck) SEE: neck:: cesarean section {n} (Caesarean section) SEE: Caesarean section:: cessation {n} (a ceasing or discontinuance):: zaprzestanie {n} cessionary {n} (one who receives a cession) SEE: assignee:: cesspit {n} (pit for sewage):: szambo {n} cesspool {n} (place for sewage):: szambo {n} cesspool {n} (filthy place):: szambo {n} c'est la vie {phrase} (such is life) SEE: such is life:: Cetus {prop} (winter constellation of the northern sky):: Wieloryb {m} cf. {v} (compare):: por. chacha {n} (Georgian grape vodka):: czacza {f} Chad {prop} (country):: Czad {m} Chad {prop} (lake):: Czad {m} Chadian {adj} (pertaining to Chad):: czadyjski Chadian {n} (person from Chad):: Czadyjczyk {m}, Czadyjka {f} Chadic {adj} (belonging to a language family in Africa):: czadyjski chador {n} (a loose robe worn by Muslim women):: czador {m} chafe {n} (injury or wear caused by friction):: odparzenie {n} chafe {v} (to excite passion or anger in):: dręczyć {impf}, drażnić {impf} chafe {v} (to fret and wear by rubbing):: odparzyć {pf}, odparzać {impf} chafe {v} (to rub; to come together so as to wear by rubbing; to wear by friction):: wycierać {impf}, przecierać {impf} chafe {v} (to be vexed; to fret; to be irritated):: być rozdrażnionym {impf} chaff {n} (inedible parts of grain plant):: plewy {f-p}, sieczka {f} chaff {n} (straw or hay cut up for cattle food):: sieczka {f} chaffinch {n} (bird):: zięba chagrin {n} (distress from failure; vexation or mortification):: poczucie klęski chain {n} (series of interconnected rings or links):: łańcuch {m-in} chain {n} (series of interconnected things):: łańcuch {m-in} chain {n} (series of stores or businesses with the same brand name):: sieć {f} chain {n} (totally ordered subset):: łańcuch {m-in} chain letter {n} (a letter that is mailed successively to different recipients):: łańcuszek {m} chain mail {n} (a flexible defensive armor):: kolczuga {f} chainsaw {n} (saw with a power-driven chain):: piła łańcuchowa {f} chair {n} (furniture):: krzesło {n} chair {n} (chairperson) SEE: chairperson:: chairlift {n} (moving series of open seats):: wyciąg krzesełkowy {m}, kolej krzesełkowa {f}, kolejka krzesełkowa {f} chairman {n} (person presiding over a meeting):: przewodniczący {m-pr} chairman {n} (head of a corporate or governmental board):: prezes {m-pr} chairperson {n} (a person who presides over a meeting, a board):: przewodniczący {m-pr}, przewodnicząca {f} chaise longue {n} (reclining chair with a long seat):: szezlong {m} chakra {n} (spiritual energy nexuses):: ćakra {f} chalcedony {n} (form of fine-grained quartz):: chalcedon chalcogen {n} (any element of group 16 of the periodic table):: tlenowiec {m} Chaldean {adj} (of ancient Babylonia) SEE: Babylonian:: Chaldean {adj} (of Chaldea):: chaldejski Chaldean {n} (native of Chaldea):: Chaldejczyk {m}, Chaldejka {f} chalet {n} (wooden house):: koliba {f}, chata {f} chalice {n} (large drinking cup):: kielich, puchar chalk {n} (a soft, white, powdery limestone):: kreda {f} chalk {n} (a piece of chalk used for drawing and on a blackboard):: kreda {f} chalk {n} (... prevent from falling when climbing):: magnezja {f} chalk {n} (tailor's chalk) SEE: tailor's chalk:: challah {n} (traditional braided bread):: chałka {f} challenge {n} (that which encourages someone to do something they otherwise would not):: wyzwanie {n} challenge {n} (difficult task):: wyzwanie {n} challenge {v} (to invite someone to take part in a competition):: wyzwać challenge {v} (to dare someone):: ośmielić challenge {v} (to dispute something):: zakwestionować challenge {v} (to make a formal objection to a juror):: zakwestionować Chamaeleon {prop} (small circumpolar constellation of the southern sky):: Kameleon {m} chamber {n} (bedroom):: komnata chamber {n} (legislative body):: izba {f} chamber {n} (enclosed space similar to a room):: komora {f} chamber {n} (part of a firearm holding the round before firing):: komora {f} chamber {n} (chamber pot) SEE: chamber pot:: chamberlain {n} (an officer in charge of managing the household of a sovereign):: szambelan {m} chambermaid {n} (a maid who handles the chores in a bedroom):: pokojówka {f} chamber pot {n} (a container used for urination and defecation, see also: urinal; chemical toilet):: nocnik {m} chameleon {n} (reptile):: kameleon {m} chamfron {n} (armor):: naczółek {m} chamois {n} (A goat-like antelope):: kozica {f} chamois {n} (cloth):: giemza {f} chamois leather {n} (suede leather) SEE: suede:: champagne {n} (sparkling white wine produced in Champagne):: szampan {m} Champagne {n} (region of France):: Szampania {f} Champagne {n} (champagne) SEE: champagne:: champian {n} (field of inquiry or study) SEE: field:: champian {n} (flat expanse of land) SEE: plain:: champian {n} (species of landscape) SEE: plain:: champian {n} (level open countryside) SEE: plain:: champignon {n} ( Agaricus bisporus):: pieczarka champion {n} (someone who has been winner in a contest):: mistrz {m}, mistrzyni {f} championship {n} (competition to determine a champion):: mistrzostwo {n} chance {n} (an opportunity or possibility):: szansa {f}, okazja {f} chancel {n} (space around the altar in a church):: prezbiterium {n} chancellor {n} (head of government in some German-speaking countries):: kanclerz {m} chandelier {n} (branched, often ornate, lighting fixture suspended from the ceiling):: żyrandol {m} change {v} (to become something different):: zmieniać się {impf}, zmienić się {pf} change {v} (to make something into something different):: zmieniać {impf}, zmienić {pf} change {v} (to replace):: zamieniać {impf}, zamienić {pf} change {v} (to replace one's own clothing):: przebrać się, przebierać się change {v} (to transfer to another vehicle):: przesiadać się {impf}, przesiąść się {pf} change {n} (the process of becoming different):: zmiana {f} change {n} (small denominations of money given in exchange for a larger denomination):: drobne {m-p} change {n} (a replacement):: zmiana {f}, zamiana {f} change {n} (balance returned after a purchase):: reszta {f} change {n} (a transfer between vehicles):: przesiadka {f} change one's mind {v} (to decide differently than one had decided before):: zmienić zdanie Changhsingian {prop}:: czangsing {m-in} changing room {n} (room in gym etc. ):: przebieralnia {f} changing room {n} (room in shop):: przymierzalnia {f} Chang Jiang {prop} (Yangtze) SEE: Yangtze:: channel {n} (broadcasting: specific radio frequency or band of frequencies used for transmitting television):: kanał {m} channel {v} (direct the flow):: kierować chanoyu {n} (tea ceremony) SEE: tea ceremony:: chanson {n} (French song):: chanson {m} chanterelle {n} ( Cantharellus cibarius):: pieprznik {m} chaos {n} (state of disorder):: chaos {m} chaos theory {n} (chaos theory):: teoria chaosu {f} chaotically {adv} (In a chaotic manner):: chaotycznie chapel {n} (place of worship):: kaplica {f} chaperon {n} (an adult who accompanies unmarried men or women) SEE: chaperone:: chaperone {n} (older person who accompanies younger people to ensure good behaviour):: przyzwoitka {f} chaperone {n} (protein that aids in folding other proteins):: białko opiekuńcze {n} chaplain {n} (member of a religious body):: kapelan {m} chaplet {n} (a string of beads, especially when making up five decades of the rosary):: różaniec {m} Chapman's antshrike {n} (bird):: chronka jasnobrzucha chapter {n} (section in a book):: rozdział {m} character {n} (being in a story):: postać {f} character {n} (distinguishing feature):: charakter {m} character {n} (complex of mental and ethical traits marking a person or a group):: charakter {m}, usposobienie {n} character {n} (moral strength):: charakter {m} character {n} (symbol for a sound or a word):: znak {m} characteristic {adj} (being a distinguishing feature of a person or thing):: charakterystyczny {m} characteristic {n} (distinguishing feature):: cecha {f} charbonnier {n} (charbonnier, Tricholoma portentosum):: gąska niekształtna {f} charcoal {n} (substance):: węgiel drzewny {m} charcoal {n} (stick used for drawing):: węgiel {m} charcoal {n} (colour):: antracyt {m}, kolor ciemnografitowy {m} charcoal drawing {n} (charcoal drawing) SEE: charcoal:: chard {n} ( Beta vulgaris subsp. cicla):: boćwina {f}, botwina {f} chargé d'affaires {n} (diplomat):: chargé d'affaires {m} charge {n} (someone or something entrusted to one's care):: podopieczny charge {n} (amount of money levied for a service):: opłata {f} charge {n} (ground attack):: szarża {f} charge {n} (accusation):: oskarżenie {n} charge {n} (electric charge):: ładunek elektryczny {m} charge {n} (heraldry: image displayed on an escutcheon):: figura herbowa {f} charge {v} (to load equipment with material required for its use):: ładować {impf}, naładować {pf} charge {v} (to add energy to):: ładować {impf} charge {v} (of a battery or device: to gain energy):: ładować się {impf} charge {v} (military: to attack by moving forward quickly):: szarżować chargecard {n} (credit card) SEE: credit card:: charger {n} (a device that charges or recharges):: ładowarka {f} charger {n} (a large horse trained for battle):: rumak {m} chariot {n} (vehicle used in warfare):: rydwan {m} chariot {n} (carriage used for ceremonial or pleasure purposes):: kareta {f}, karoca {f} charisma {n} (personal charm or magnetism):: charyzma {f} charisma {n} (extraordinary power granted by the Holy Spirit):: charyzmat {m} charitable {adj} (pertaining to charity):: charytatyny charitable {adj} (kind, generous):: miłosierny, dobry charitable {adj} (having a purpose or character of a charity):: charytatywny, dobroczynny charitable organization {n} (organization):: organizacja charytatywna {f}, organizacja dobroczynna {f} charivari {n} (cacaphonous noise, hubbub) SEE: cacophony:: charlady {n} (woman who cleans houses and offices) SEE: charwoman:: charlatan {n} (malicious trickster):: szarlatan {m} Charlemagne {prop} (king of the Franks):: Karol Wielki {m} Charles {prop} (given name):: Karol {m} Charles's law {prop} (physical law stating the density of an ideal gas is inversely proportional to its temperature at constant pressure):: prawo Charles'a {n} Charles' Wain {prop} (bright circumpolar asterism of the northern sky) SEE: Big Dipper:: Charlotte {prop} (female given name):: Szarlota charm {n} (something with magic power):: zaklęcie {n}, urok {m} charm {n} (quality of inspiring delight or admiration):: urok {m} charm {n} (a small trinket on a bracelet or chain):: talizman {m} charm {v} (seduce, entrance or fascinate):: oczarować {pf} charm {v} (use a magical charm):: zaczarować {pf} charming {adj} (pleasant, charismatic):: uroczy {m} Charon {prop} (a moon of Pluto):: Charon {m} Charon {prop} (the ferryman of Hades):: Charon {m} chart {n} (map) SEE: map:: chart {n} (graph) SEE: graph:: chart {n} (table) SEE: table:: chart {n} (diagram) SEE: diagram:: charter {v} (grant or establish a charter):: czarterować charwoman {n} (cleaning lady):: sprzątaczka {f} chary {adj} (not disposed to give freely) SEE: frugal:: chary {adj} (excessively particular or fussy about details) SEE: fastidious:: Charybdis {prop} (Greek mythological monster):: Charybda {f} chase {n} (hunt) SEE: hunt:: chase {v} (to hunt) SEE: hunt:: chase {n} (action of the verb "to chase"):: pogoń chase {v} (to pursue, to follow at speed):: [abstract] gonić, [concrete] gnać; ścigać chaser {n} (a mild drink consumed immediately after another drink of hard liquor):: popitka {f} chasma {n} (aurora) SEE: aurora:: chasmophyte {n} (plant):: chasmofit {m} chassis {n} (base frame of motor vehicle):: podwozie {n} chassis {n} (frame or housing containing electrical or mechanical equipment):: obudowa {f} chaste {adj} (modest) SEE: modest:: chaste {adj} (celibate) SEE: celibate:: chaste {adj} (innocent) SEE: innocent:: chasten {v} (discipline) SEE: discipline:: chastity {n} (abstaining from sexual activity):: czystość {f} chastity belt {n} (belt-like garment):: pas cnoty {m} chastushka {n} (Russian or Ukrainian folk poem):: czastuszka {f} chasuble {n} (liturgical vestment):: ornat {m} chat {v} (be engaged in informal conversation):: gawędzić {impf}, gadać {impf} chat {n} (informal conversation):: pogawędka chat {n} (exchange of text or voice messages in real time):: czat {m} chateaubriand {n} (steak cut from a beef tenderloin):: szatobriand {m}, chateaubriand {m} chattel {n} (tangible, movable property):: ruchomość {f}, majątek ruchomy {m} chattel {n} (slave):: niewolnik {m} Chattian {prop} (a subdivision of the Oligocene epoch):: szat {m-in} chauffeur {n} (a person employed to drive a motor car):: szofer {m} chauvinism {n} (excessive patriotism):: szowinizm {m} chauvinism {n} (unwarranted bias):: szowinizm {m} chav {n} (relating to a youth from a working class background, aggressive with poor education):: dresiarz {m}, dres {m}, prawilniak {m} chavender {n} (chub) SEE: chub:: chavette {n} (a female chav):: dresiara {f} Chöd {prop} (spiritual practice):: czod cheap {adj} (low in price):: tani cheap {adj} (of poor quality):: tandetny cheap {adj} (of little worth):: tandetny {m} cheap {adj} ( slang: unfairly powerful):: tani {m} cheaply {adv} (in a cheap manner):: tanio cheat {v} (violate rules to gain advantage):: oszukiwać cheat {v} (being unfaithful):: zdradzać cheat {n} (someone who is dishonest or cheats):: oszust {m}, oszustka {f}, zdrajca {m}, zdrajczyni {f} cheat {n} (unfair advantage in a computer game):: cheat {m}, czit {m}, kod {m} cheater {n} (cheat) SEE: cheat:: cheating {n} (act of deception, fraud, trickery, imposture, or imposition):: oszustwo {m}, oszukiwanie {n}, [computer games] cheatowanie {n}, [computer games] czitowanie {n} cheat on {v} (be unfaithful to):: zdradzać cheat sheet {n} (sheet of paper used to assist on a test):: ściąga {f}, ściągawka {f} Cheboksary {prop} (city):: Czeboksary {p} Chechen {n} (A member of the Chechen people):: Czeczen {m}, Czeczenka {f} Chechen {prop} (language):: czeczeński {m} Chechen {adj} (of or relating to the Chechen people):: czeczeński {m} Chechnya {prop} (republic of Russia):: Czeczenia {f} check {n} (chess: when the king is directly threatened by an enemy piece):: szach {m} check {n} (a mark like a v or sometimes x used as an indicator):: znaczek {m}, parafka {f} check {n} (a bill, particularly at a restaurant):: rachunek {m} check {n} (a control, limit or stop):: kontrola {f} check {n} (an inspection or examination):: sprawdzenie {n}, inspekcja {f} check {v} (to inspect, examine):: sprawdzić check {v} (to mark with a checkmark):: zaznaczyć, zaptaszkować [colloquial], odhaczyć [colloquial], odfajkować [colloquial] check {v} (to control, limit, or halt):: skontrolować check {v} (to verify or compare with a source of information):: sprawdzić check {n} (a checkered pattern):: kratka {f} check {n} (bank order) SEE: cheque:: checkbook {n} (chequebook) SEE: chequebook:: checkered {adj} (divided into squares):: kraciasty, w kratkę checkers {n} (draughts) SEE: draughts:: check in {v} (to record one's arrival):: meldować się / zameldować się check-in {n} (act of checking in):: ( at an airport) odprawa {f} checking account {n} (current account) SEE: current account:: checklist {n} (list of things to be verified):: lista kontrolna {f} checkmate {interj} (said when making the conclusive move in chess):: mat {m}, szach mat, szach i mat checkmate {n} (conclusive victory in a game of chess):: mat {m} checkmate {v} (to put an opponent into checkmate):: zamatować {pf}, dać mata {pf} check out {v} (to pay when leaving):: [from a hotel] wymeldować się check out {v} (to examine, inspect, look at closely):: sprawdzić checkout {n} (supermarket checkout position):: kasa {f} checkout counter {n} (cash desk) SEE: cash desk:: checkout desk {n} (cash desk) SEE: cash desk:: checks and balances {n} (system for balancing the powers between branches of government):: mechanizm kontroli i równowagi {m} checksum {n} (number serving to detect error):: suma kontrolna {f} check up {v}:: sprawdzać cheder {n} (school):: cheder {m} cheek {n} (part of face):: policzek {m} cheerio {interj} (translations to be checked: exclamation used when greeting as well as when parting):: cześć [when greeting], pa [when parting] cheerleader {n} (person (usually female) who encourages applaus):: czirliderka {f}, cheerleaderka {f} cheer on {v} (to cheer and support):: dopingować, kibicować cheers {interj} (toast when drinking):: na zdrowie cheers {interj} (informal: goodbye):: cześć cheers {interj} (informal: thank you):: dzięki cheer up {v} (to make someone happy):: rozweselić cheese {n} (dairy product):: ser {m} cheeseburger {n} (hamburger with cheese):: cheeseburger {m} cheesecake {n} (dessert food):: sernik {m} cheesecloth {n} (loosely woven cotton gauze):: etamina {f} cheese knife {n} (knife for cutting cheese):: nóż do sera {m} cheesemaker {n} (person skilled in making cheese):: serowar {m} cheesemaking {n} (production or making of cheese):: serowarstwo {m} cheesy {adj} (of cheese):: serowy {m} cheesy {adj} (overdramatic, clichéd):: kiczowaty {m} cheetah {n} (Acinonyx jubatus):: gepard {m} chef {n} (head cook of an establishment such as a restaurant):: szef kuchni, kucharz {m} Chekist {n} (member of the Cheka):: czekista {m} chela {n} (pincer-like claw of a crustacean or arachnid):: szczypce {m} Chelm {prop} (city in Poland):: Chełm Chelyabinsk {prop} (city):: Czelabińsk {m} chemical {adj} (relating to chemistry):: chemiczny chemist {n} (person working in chemistry):: chemik {m} chemist {n} (pharmacy) SEE: pharmacy:: chemist {n} (pharmacist) SEE: pharmacist:: chemistry {n} (branch of natural science):: chemia {f} chemistry {n} (mutual attraction between two people):: chemia {f} chemistry {n} (as modifier: relating to or using chemistry):: chemo-, chemio- chemist's {n} (pharmacy) SEE: pharmacy:: Chemnitz {prop} (city in Saxony):: Kamienica Saska {f} chempedak {n} (fruit):: chempedak {m} Chennai {prop} (state capital of Tamil Nadu, India):: Chennai cheque {n} (a note promising to pay money to a named person or entity):: czek {m} chequebook {n} (folder containing cheques):: książeczka czekowa {f} Cherkasy {prop} (city):: Czerkasy {p} Cherkessk {prop} (city in Russia):: Czerkiesk {m} Chernigov {prop} (Chernihiv) SEE: Chernihiv:: Chernihiv {prop} (city):: Czernihów {m} Chernivtsi {prop} (city):: Czerniowce {p} Chernobyl {n} (city in Ukraine):: Czarnobyl {m} Chernovtsy {prop} (Chernivtsi) SEE: Chernivtsi:: chernozem {n} (black-coloured soil containing a high percentage of humus):: czarnoziem {m} Cherokee {prop} (indigenous North American people):: Czirokezi {m-p} Cherokee {prop} (language):: czirokeski {m} cherry {n} (fruit):: [sweet cherry] czereśnia {f}, [sour cherry] wiśnia {f} cherry {n} (tree):: wiśnia {f} cherry {n} (wood):: wiśnia {n} cherry {n} (color):: wiśniowy {m} cherry {adj} (flavour):: wiśniowy cherry blossom {n} (blossom of the cherry tree):: kwiat wiśni {f} chert {n} (mineral):: rogowiec cherub {n} (( biblical) winged creature attending on God):: cherubin {m}, cherub {m} chervil {n} (spice):: trybula {f} chervonets {n} (former Russian currency, usually ten roubles):: czerwoniec {m} Cheshire cat {prop} (fictional grinning cat):: Kot z Cheshire {m}, Kot-Dziwak z Cheshire {m} Cheshire cheese {n} (type of cheese):: cheshire {m}, chester {m} chess {n} (two-player board game):: szachy {m-in-p} chessboard {n} (square board used in the game of chess):: szachownica {f} chessman {n} (chess piece) SEE: chess piece:: chess piece {n} (any of the 16 white and 16 black pieces used in playing the game of chess):: bierka szachowa {f} chesspiece {n} (chessman) SEE: chess piece:: chest {n} (strong box):: kufer {m}, skrzynia {f} chest {n} (treasury):: fundusz {m} chest {n} (chest of drawers):: komoda {f} chest {n} (thorax):: klatka piersiowa {f} chest {n} (coffin) SEE: coffin:: chestnut {n} (nut of the chestnut tree):: kasztan {m} chestnut {n} (chestnut tree) SEE: chestnut tree:: chestnut-backed antshrike {n} ( Thamnophilus palliatus):: chronka rdzawogrzbieta chestnut-bellied tit {n} ( Sittiparus castaneoventris):: sikora kasztanowata {f} chestnut tree {n} (tree that bears chestnuts):: kasztan {m} chest of drawers {n} (furniture for the storage of clothes):: komoda {f} chevin {n} (chub) SEE: chub:: chevon {n} (goatmeat) SEE: goatmeat:: chevron {n} (heraldry: wide inverted V):: krokiew {m} chevy {v} (to chase or hunt) SEE: chase:: chevy {v} (to scurry) SEE: scurry:: chew {v} (to crush food with teeth prior to swallowing):: żuć, przeżuwać chewing gum {n} (flavoured preparation for chewing):: guma {f}, guma do żucia {f} chiaroscuro {n} (artistic technique using exaggerated light contrasts):: światłocień {m}, chiaroscuro {m} chiasmus {n} ((rhetoric) an inversion of the relationship between the elements of phrases):: chiazm {m} Chicago {prop} (large US city):: Chicago {n} chicane {n} (a temporary barrier or serpentine curve):: szykana chicanery {n} (deception by use of trickery):: krętactwo {n}, matactwo {n} chick {n} (young bird):: pisklę {n} chick {n} (young chicken):: kurczak {m}, kurczątko {n} chick {n} (young woman):: laska {f} chickadee {n} (songbird):: sikora {f} chicken {n} (bird):: kurczak {m}, kura {f} chicken {n} (meat):: kurczak {m} chicken {n} (coward):: tchórz {m} chicken coop {n} (small building for poultry) SEE: henhouse:: chicken pox {n} (childhood disease):: ospa wietrzna {f} chicken soup {n} (soup with chicken as main ingredient):: rosół {m} chickweed {n} (herb):: gwiazdnica {f} chick with a dick {n} (shemale) SEE: shemale:: chicory {n} (common chicory ( Cichorium intybus)):: cykoria chide {v} (loudly admonish):: łajać, besztać, strofować {impf} chief {n} (leader of group, etc. ):: wódz {m} chief {n} (head of an organization):: szef {m} chief {n} (heraldic term):: głowica {f} chief executive officer {n} (highest-ranking corporate officer):: dyrektor zarządzający {m}, dyrektor generalny {m} chiefly {adv} (mainly or principally, almost entirely):: głównie chief of state {n} (the titular head of a nation) SEE: head of state:: chieftain {n} (A leader of a clan or tribe):: wódz {m} Chieti {prop} (province of Italy):: Chieti {n} [indeclinable] Chieti {prop} (town and capital):: Chieti {n} [indeclinable] chiffchaff {n} ( Phylloscopus collybita):: pierwiosnek {m} Chihuahua {n} (breed of dog):: chihuahua {f} child {n} (a female or male child, a daughter or son):: dziecko {n}, dziecię {n} [dated] child {n} (a minor):: dziecko {n} child {v} (to give birth) SEE: give birth:: childbirth {n} (act of giving birth):: poród {m} child-fucker {n} (contemptible person) SEE: motherfucker:: child-fucker {n} (one who engages in sex with a child) SEE: pedophile:: childhood {n} (state of being a child):: dzieciństwo {n} childhood {n} (time when one is a child):: dzieciństwo {n} childish {adj} (suitable for a child):: dziecięcy {m} childish {adj} (behaving immaturely):: dziecinny, infantylny childishly {adv} (in a childish manner):: dziecinnie childless {adj} (not having any children):: bezdzietny {m} childminder {n} (person who looks after other people's children):: opiekunka do dziecka child prodigy {n} (talented young person):: dziecko szczęścia {n} child prostitution {n} (use of a child for sexual activities for profit):: dziecięca prostytucja {f} children's home {n} (public institution for care of children, see also: orphanage):: dom dziecka {m} chile {n} (chili) SEE: chili:: Chile {prop} (country in South America):: Chile {n} Chilean {adj} (pertaining to Chile):: chilijski Chilean {n} (person from Chile):: Chilijczyk {m}, Chilijka {f} chili {n} (spicy fresh or dried fruit of capsicum):: chili {n} chili {n} (spice):: chili {n} chiliasm {n} (belief in an earthly thousand-year period of peace and prosperity):: chiliazm {m}, millenaryzm {m} chili pepper {n} (fruit):: papryka chili {f} chilli {n} (chili) SEE: chili:: chill out {v} (relax or take time out):: uspokoić się {pf}, wyluzować się {pf}, wyluzować {pf}, rozluźnić się {pf}, zrelaksować się {pf} chimera {n} (flame-spewing monster, see also: Chimera):: Chimera {f} chimney {n} (vertical tube or hollow column; a flue):: komin {m} chimney sweep {n} (occupation):: kominiarz {m} chimpanzee {n} (ape):: szympans {m} chin {n} (bottom of a face):: podbródek {m}, broda {f} China {prop} (country in east Asia):: Chiny {p} China {prop} (region corresponding to the People's Republic of China and Taiwan):: Chiny {p} Chinaman {n} (a man who is Chinese, a Chinese man):: chinol {m} Chinatown {n} (a Chinese district outside China):: chińska dzielnica {f} chinchilla {n} (rodent):: szynszyla {f} Chinese {n} (any language spoken in China, see also: Literary Chinese; Mandarin; Cantonese; Wu; Min Nan):: chiński {m}, język chiński {m} Chinese {n} (the people of China):: Chińczycy {p} Chinese {n} (person born in China):: Chińczyk {m-pr}, Chinka {f} Chinese {n} (Chinese food or meal):: chińszczyzna {f} Chinese {adj} (relating to China):: chiński Chinese {n} (Mandarin) SEE: Mandarin:: Chinese Crested Dog {n} (Chinese Crested Dog):: grzywacz chiński {m} Chinese grapefruit {n} (pomelo) SEE: pomelo:: Chinese parsley {n} (coriander) SEE: coriander:: Chinese red {adj} (vermilion) SEE: vermilion:: Chinese river dolphin {n} (baiji) SEE: baiji:: Chinese whispers {n} (game):: głuchy telefon {m} Chinese white dolphin {n} (baiji) SEE: baiji:: chink {n} (narrow opening):: szczelina {f}, szpara {f} Chink {n} (offensive: Chinese person):: Żółtek {m} [offensive term for any East Asian person], kitajec {m} chip {n} (small piece broken off):: odłamek {m}, odłamki {m-p} chip {n} (token used in gambling):: żeton {m}, żetony {m-p} chip {n} (fried strip of potato, french fry):: frytka {f}, frytki {f-p} chip {n} (thin, crisp, fried piece of potato or vegetable):: chips {m}, czips {m} chipmunk {n} (squirrel-like rodent):: pręgowiec {m} Chippewa {prop} (Ojibwe) SEE: Ojibwe:: chirality {n} (handedness in chemistry, physic and mathematics):: chiralność {f} chiropractor {n} (chiropractor):: kręgarz {m} chirp {n} (birds):: świergot {m} chirp {v} (birds):: świergotać chisel {v} (to cheat) SEE: cheat:: chisel {n} (tool consisting of a slim oblong block of metal):: dłuto {n}, przecinak {m} Chisinau {prop} (capital city and a municipality of Moldova):: Kiszyniów {m} Chita {prop} (city in Russia):: Czyta {f} chitinous {adj} (made of, pertaining to, or resembling chitin):: chitynowy chitosan {n} (oligosaccharide):: chitozan {m} Chitral {prop} (Chitral (all senses)):: Czitral chivalry {n} (ethical code):: rycerskość {f} chivalry {n} (Courteous behavior, especially that of men towards women):: rycerskość {f} chive {n} (plant):: czosnek szczypiorek {m}, szczypiorek {m}, szczypior {m} chive {n} (chives: herb):: szczypiorek {m} chivvy {v} (to coerce) SEE: coerce:: chlamydia {n} (sexually transmitted disease):: chlamydia {f} Chloe {prop} (female given name):: Chloe {f} chlorate {n} (any salt of chloric acid):: chloran {m} chloric acid {n} (HClO 3):: kwas chlorowy {m} chloride {n} (any salt of hydrochloric acid):: chlorek {m} chlorine {n} (chemical element):: chlor {m} chlorine dioxide {n} (gas ClO 2):: dwutlenek chloru {m} chloro- {prefix} (chemistry: containing chlorine):: chloro-, chlor- chloroform {n} ((chemistry) an anesthetic):: chloroform {m} chlorophyll {n} (green pigment):: chlorofil {m} chlorophyte {n} (green alga):: zielenica {f} chocolate {n} (food made from ground roasted cocoa beans):: czekolada {f} chocolate {n} (small piece of confectionery made from chocolate):: czekoladka {f}, pralinka {f} chocolate {n} (colour):: czekolada {f} chocolate {adj} (made of or containing chocolate):: czekoladowy chocolate {adj} (colour):: czekoladowy chocolate bar {n} (candy bar) SEE: candy bar:: chocolate egg {n} (Easter treat) SEE: Easter egg:: choice {n} (option or decision):: wybór {m} choice {n} (selection or preference):: wybór {m} choice {n} (anything that can be chosen):: wybór {m} choice {n} ( definite: best or most preferable part):: wybór {m} choice {adj} (especially good or preferred):: wyborowy {m} choir {n} (singing group):: chór {m-in} choir {n} (part of a church for choir assembly):: chór {m-in} choir {n} (a rank or order of angels):: chór {m-in} choke {v} (be unable to breathe because of obstruction of the windpipe):: dławić się, krztusić się choke {v} (prevent someone from breathing by strangling them):: dusić choke {n} (control on a carburetor):: ssanie {n} chokeberry {n} (deciduous shrub in genus Aronia):: aronia {f} chokeberry {n} (fruit of such a shrub):: aronia {f} choker {n} (one who chokes another):: dusiciel {m}, dusicielka {f} cholecyst {n} (gall bladder) SEE: gall bladder:: cholecystectomy {n} (surgical procedure):: cholecystektomia {f} cholera {n} (infectious disease):: cholera {f} cholesterol {n} (an essential component of mammalian cell membranes):: cholesterol {m} choose {v} (to choose) SEE: take:: choose {v} (to pick):: wybierać {impf}, wybrać {pf} choose {v} (to elect):: wybierać, wybrać choosy {adj} (taking care when choosing that what is chosen best suits one's tastes, desires or requirements):: wybredny {m} chop {v} (to cut into pieces):: siekać, kroić, pokroić chop-chop {interj} (hurry up):: szybciej, raz-dwa Chopin {prop} (surname):: Szopen {m}, Chopin chopper {n} (helicopter (formal translations)) SEE: helicopter:: chopper {n} (axe/ax) SEE: axe:: chopper {n} (knife for chopping food):: tasak chopstick {n} (single eating utensil):: pałeczka {f} chord {n} (combination of three or more notes):: akord chord {n} (straight line):: cięciwa {f} chordate {n} (a member of the phylum Chordata):: strunowiec {m} chore {n} (a difficult, unpleasant, or routine task):: zadanie {n} chorea {n} (disease of the nervous system):: pląsawica {f} choreographer {n} (person who choreographs):: choreograf {m}, choreografka {f} choreographist {n} (choreographist) SEE: choreographer:: choreography {n} (art):: choreografia {f} choroid {n} (vascular layer of the eye):: naczyniówka {f} chorus {n} (group of singers and dancers in the religious festivals of ancient Greece):: chór {m} chorus {n} (group of people in a play or performance who recite together):: chór {m} chorus {n} (singing group who perform together):: chór {m} chorus {n} (repeated part of a song):: refren {m} chorus {n} (setting or feature in electronic music):: chórek {m} Chorzów {prop} (city on the Rawa in southern Poland):: Chorzów {m} chotki {n} (prayer rope):: czotki chrestomathy {n} (collection of written passages, used to learn an unfamiliar language):: chrestomatia {f} chrism {n} (mixture of oil and balm):: krzyżmo {n} Christ {prop} (messiah predicted in Jewish prophesy):: Chrystus {m} Christ {prop} (title for Jesus of Nazareth):: Chrystus {m} Christ {n} (A figure or other artistic depiction of Jesus Christ):: Chrystus {m} Christadelphian {n} (a member of a certain nontrinitarian Christian denomination):: chrystadelfianin {m} Christ child {prop} (Child Jesus):: Dzieciątko {n}, Dzieciątko Jezus {n}, Dzieciąteczko {n}, Boże Dziecię {n} christening {n} (Christian sacrament):: chrzest {m}, chrzciny {p} Christian {n} (member of the Christian religion):: chrześcijanin {m}, chrześcijanka {f} Christian {prop} (male given name):: Krystian {m} Christian {adj} (of, like or relating to Christianity or Christians):: chrześcijański Christian Democracy {n} (political ideology):: chrześcijańska demokracja {f}, chadecja {f} [colloqial] Christianity {prop} (monotheistic religion):: chrześcijaństwo {n} Christianize {v} (to (cause to) convert to Christianity):: chrystianizować {impf}, schrystianizować {pf} Christian name {n} (first name at Christian baptism):: imię chrzcielne {n} Christian name {n} (any forename) SEE: forename:: Christina {prop} (female given name):: Krystyna {f} Christine {prop} (female name) SEE: Christina:: Christmas {prop} (Christian holiday):: Boże Narodzenie {n} Christmas card {n} (greeting card that celebrates Christmas):: kartka świąteczna {f} Christmas carol {n} (hymn whose lyrics are on the theme of Christmas):: kolęda {f} Christmas Day {n} (the 25th of December):: Boże Narodzenie {n}, pierwszy dzień świąt {m} Christmas Eve {prop} (evening before Christmas Day):: Wigilia {f} Christmas Eve {prop} (day before Christmas Day):: Wigilia {f} Christmas Island {prop} (non self-governing territory of Australia):: Wyspa Bożego Narodzenia {f} Christmas season {n} (Advent) SEE: Advent:: Christmas tree {n} (tree used during the Christmas holiday season):: choinka {f} Christological {adj} (of or pertaining to Christology):: chrystologiczny Christology {n} (field of study):: chrystologia {f} Christology {n} (particular theory):: chrystologia {f} Christopher {prop} (a male given name):: Krzysztof {m} chromatid {n} (Either of the two strands of a chromosome that separate during mitosis):: chromatyda {f} chrome {v} (to plate with chrome):: chromować {impf}, pochromować {pf} chromium {n} (chemical element):: chrom {m} chromium-plate {v} (chrome) SEE: chrome:: chromosomal {adj} (of, or relating to chromosomes):: chromosomowy, chromosomalny chromosome {n} (structure in the cell nucleus):: chromosom chromosphere {n} (the faint pink extension of a star's atmospheric envelope):: chromosfera {f} chronic {adj} (that continues over an extended period of time):: chroniczny {m} chronic {adj} (medical: prolonged or slow to heal):: przewlekły Chronicles {prop} (book of the Bible):: Księga Kronik {f} chronolatry {n} (worship of time):: chronolatria {f} chronologic {adj} (chronological) SEE: chronological:: chronological {adj} (in order of time from the earliest to the latest):: chronologiczny chronology {n} (determining the order of events):: chronologia {f} chronology {n} (arrangement into chronological order):: chronologia {f} chronometer {n} (device for measuring time):: chronometr {m} chronophagous {adj} (time-consuming) SEE: time-consuming:: chronoscope {n} (chronometer) SEE: chronometer:: chrysalis {n} (the pupa of a butterfly or moth):: poczwarka {f} chrysanthemum {n} (flower):: złocień {m}, chryzantema {f} Chrysanthemum Throne {prop} (Japanese monarchy):: Chryzantemowy tron {m} chrysoprase {n} (variety of quartz):: chryzopraz {m} chthonian {adj} (pertaining to the underworld; being beneath the earth):: chtoniczny {m} chub {n} ( Leuciscus cephalus):: kleń chubby {n} (erection) SEE: boner:: chubby {adj} (of a person, somewhat fat):: pulchny, pyzaty chuckle {n} (a quiet laugh):: chichot {m} chuckle {v} (to laugh quietly or inwardly):: chichotać Chudskoye {prop} (a lake between Russia and Estonia):: Jezioro Czudzkie {n}, Pejpus {m} Chukchi {adj} (relating to Chukotka):: czukocki {m} Chukchi {n} (person):: Czukcza {m} Chukchi {prop} (language):: język czukocki {m} Chukchi Sea {prop} (part of the Arctic Ocean):: Morze Czukockie {m} Chukotka {prop} (short for Chukchi Peninsula, see also: Chukchi Peninsula):: Czukotka {f} Chukotka {prop} (short for Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, see also: Chukotka Autonomous Okrug):: Czukotka {f} chump {n} (an unintelligent person):: matoł {m} chunder {n} (vomit):: wymiotować, [slang] rzygać chunky {adj} (euphemism for fat):: pulchny, przy kości chur {interj} ( voicing of thanks) SEE: thanks:: chur {interj} ( parting salutation) SEE: bye:: church {n} (house of worship):: kościół {m-in} [generic], cerkiew {f} [Orthodox or Greek Catholic], zbór {m-in} [Evangelical] church {n} (a religious organization):: kościół {m-in} church {n} (a group of people who follow the same Christian religious beliefs):: kościół {m-in}, wspólnota {f} church {n} (worship service):: nabożeństwo {n}, liturgia {f}, msza {f} churchical {adj} (pertaining to or characteristic of church) SEE: ecclesiastical:: Church of England {prop} (established Christian church in England):: Kościół Anglii {m} Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints {prop} (major denomination of the Latter Day Saint movement):: Kościół Jezusa Chrystusa Świętych w Dniach Ostatnich Church of Scotland {prop} (national Presbyterian church of Scotland):: Kościół Szkocji {m} church service {n} (communal worship):: nabożeństwo {n} Church Slavonic {prop} (liturgical language):: [język] cerkiewno-słowiański {m} churn {n} (vessel for churning):: maselnica {f}, maślnica {f}, kierzanka {f} chutney {n} (condiment):: ćatni {n} chutzpah {n} (nearly arrogant courage):: bezczelność {f}, kpina {f}, hucpa {f} Chuukese {n} (member of an ethnic group):: język chuuk Chuvash {adj} (from, or pertaining to Chuvashia):: czuwaski {m} Chuvash {n} (person):: Czuwasz {m}, Czuwaszka {f} Chuvash {prop} (Chuvash language):: język czuwaski {m} Chuvashia {prop} (federal subject of Russia):: Czuwaszja {f} ciao {interj} (hello) SEE: hello:: ciao {interj} (goodbye) SEE: goodbye:: cicada {n} (any of several insects of the order Hemiptera):: cykada {f} cicatrice {n} (scar) SEE: scar:: cicatrix {n} (scar that remains after the development of new tissue) SEE: scar:: cicely {n} ( Myrrhis odorata):: marchewnik {m} Cicero {prop} (Roman statesman and orator):: Cyceron {m} cicisbeo {n} (Italian knightly servant of a high-born lady):: cicisbeo {m} -cide {suffix} (killing of):: -bójstwo {n} -cide {suffix} (killer of):: -bójca {m}, -bójczyni {f} cider {n} (alcoholic beverage):: cydr {m}, jabłecznik {m} cider {n} (soft drink) SEE: soft drink:: Cieszyn {prop} (city in Poland):: Cieszyn {m} cigar {n} (tobacco product):: cygaro {n} cigarette {n} (cigarette):: papieros {m} cigarette case {n} (a small flat case for holding cigarettes):: papierośnica {f} cigarette holder {n} (a device used to hold a cigarette):: cygarniczka cigarette lighter {n} (lighter) SEE: lighter:: cigarillo {n} (thin cigar):: cygaretka {f} ciliate {n} (protozoan of the class Ciliata):: orzęsek {m} cilice {n} (hairshirt):: włosienica {f} Cilicia {prop} (ancient region):: Cylicja cilium {n} (hairlike organelle projecting from eukaryotic cell):: rzęska {f} Cimmerian {n} (any of the mythical people supposed to inhabit a land of perpetual darkness):: Kimmeryjczyk {m}, Kimmeryjka {f} cinder {n} (ember) SEE: ember:: Cinderella {prop} (fairy tale):: Kopciuszek Cinderella {prop} (main character in this fairy tale):: Kopciuszek cinema {n} (movie) SEE: movie:: cinema {n} (a film/movie theatre):: kino {n} cinema {n} (film or movies as a group):: kino {n} cinema {n} (the film and movie industry):: kinematografia {f}, kino {n} cinema {n} (the art of making films and movies):: kinematografia {f}, kino {n} cinematic {adj} (relating to the cinema):: kinowy {m} cinereous vulture {n} (Eurasian black vulture) SEE: Eurasian black vulture:: cinnabar {n} (mineral):: cynober {m} cinnabar {n} (color):: cynober {m} cinnabar {adj} (of a bright red colour):: cynobrowy {m} cinnamon {n} ( Cinnamomum verum):: cynamonowiec {m} cinnamon {n} (spice):: cynamon {m} cinnamon {n} (colour):: cynamonowy cinnamon {adj} (flavor):: cynamonowy cinnamon {adj} (color):: cynamonowy cipher {n} (obsolete: zero) SEE: zero:: cipher {n} (numeric character):: cyfra cipher {n} (method for concealing the meaning of text):: szyfr cipher {n} (cryptographic system):: szyfr ciphertext {n} (encoded text):: szyfrogram {m} circa {prep} (approximately, about):: około Circinus {prop} (a small constellation of the southern winter sky):: Cyrkiel {m} circle {n} (geometry: set of points that are equally distant from a center):: okrąg {m}, krąg {m} circle {n} (geometry: set of all points in a plane within a radius):: koło {n}, krąg {m} circle {n} (thin three-dimensional equivalent of these geometric figures):: kula circle {n} (specific group of persons):: krąg {m}, koło {n} circle {v} (travel around along a curved path):: objeżdżać, obchodzić, okrążać circle {v} (surround):: okrążyć circle {v} (place or mark a circle around):: zakreślić circle {v} (travel in circles):: krążyć, kołować circle {n} (orbit) SEE: orbit:: circle of friends {n} (group of close friends):: krąg przyjaciół {m} circuit {n} (act of moving around):: obieg {m} circuit {n} (circumference of any space):: obwód {m} circuit {n} (enclosed path of electric current):: obwód {m} circuit breaker {n} (electrical switch):: bezpiecznik {m} circuitous {adj} (not direct or to the point):: okrężny circular {adj} (in the shape of, or moving in a circle):: okrągły circular arc {n} (continuous section of the circumference of a circle):: łuk {m} circum- {prefix} (prefix meaning "around"):: około- circumambient {adj} (surrounding) SEE: surrounding:: circumcise {v} (to remove the foreskin from the penis):: obrzezać, obrzezywać circumcision {n} (removal of foreskin from penis):: obrzezanie {n} circumcision {n} (female circumcision) SEE: female circumcision:: circumference {n} (line that bounds a circle or other two-dimensional object):: obwód {m} circumfix {n} (affix with both a pre- and sufixing part):: okołorostek {m} circumflex {n} (circumflex accent):: daszek {m} circumnavigate {v} (to sail completely around something):: opłynąć dookoła circumpolar {adj} (located or found throughout a polar region):: okołobiegunowy circumpolar {adj} (continually visible above the horizon):: okołobiegunowy circumscribe {v} (to draw a line around; encircle):: obwieść, okrążyć circumscribe {v} (to limit narrowly; restrict):: ograniczyć circumscribe {v} (to draw a circle, sphere, or higher-dimensional ball):: opisywać {impf}, opisać {pf} circumscription {n} (electoral district) SEE: electoral district:: circumsolar {adj} (surrounding or moving around the Sun):: okołosłoneczny circumspect {adj} (carefully aware of all circumstances):: ostrożny circumstance {n} (that which attends, or relates to, or in some way affects, a fact or event):: okoliczność {f} circus {n} (company that travels):: cyrk {m} circus {n} (round open space):: cyrk {m} cirque {n} (something in the shape of a circle) SEE: circle:: cirque {n} (curved depression in a mountainside):: cyrk lodowcowy cirrhosis {n} (chronic disease of the liver):: marskość wątroby {f} cirrocumulus {n} (a cloud type):: cirrocumulus {n} cirrus {n} (cloud):: cirrus {m} CIS {prop} (Commonwealth of Independent States):: WNP {f} cissoid {n} (cissoid):: cisoida {f} cistern {n} (reservoir for holding water):: cysterna {f} Cisuralian {prop} (Cisuralian epoch):: cisural {m-in} citadel {n} (a strong fortress that sits high above a city):: cytadela {f} citadel {n} (a stronghold or fortified place):: cytadela {f} citation {n} (the passage or words quoted; quotation):: cytat {m} citation needed {phrase} (A portion of a wiki needs to be validated by a source. ):: potrzebne źródło cite {v} (quote) SEE: quote:: cite {n} (citation) SEE: citation:: citizen {n} (legal member of a state):: obywatel {m}, obywatelka {f} citizen {n} (legal resident of a city):: mieszkaniec {m}, obywatel {m} citizen {n} (civilian):: cywil {m} citizen journalism {n} (reporting by amateurs on the scene of an event):: dziennikarstwo obywatelskie citizenship {n} (state of being a citizen):: obywatelstwo {n} citron {n} (fruit):: cedrat {m}, cytron {m} citrus {n} (fruit) SEE: citrus fruit:: citrus fruit {n} (fruit of genus Citrus):: cytrus {m-an} city {n} (large settlement):: miasto {n} city council {n} (town/city governing body):: rada miejska {f} city hall {n} (building):: ratusz {m} city slicker {n} (one accustomed to urban living):: mieszczuch [offensive], mieszczanin {m}, mieszczanka {f} civil {adj} (Related to people and government office as opposed to military or religion):: cywilny {m} civilian {adj} (not related to the military armed forces):: cywilny civilization {n} (organized culture):: cywilizacja {f} civilization {prop} (people of the world considered to have a high standard of behavior):: cywilizacja {f} civilized {adj} (having a highly developed society or culture):: cywilizowany, ucywilizowany civil law {n} (body of law dealing with private relations):: prawo cywilne {n} civil rights {n} (rights deserved by all people under all circumstances):: prawa obywatelskie civil servant {n} (government employee):: urzędnik państwowy {m} civil war {n} (war between factions within a single country):: wojna domowa {f} Civil War {prop} (civil war) SEE: civil war:: claim {n} (demand of ownership):: roszczenie {n} claim {v} (to state a new fact):: twierdzić claimant {n} (party who initiates a lawsuit) SEE: plaintiff:: clairvoyance {n} (the power to perceive objects that are not accessible to the senses):: jasnowidzenie {n}, jasnowidztwo {n} clairvoyant {n} (person able to see things that cannot be perceived by the normal senses):: jasnowidz {m} clairvoyant {n} (person able to foresee the future):: jasnowidz {m} clan {n} (group having common ancestor):: klan {m} clan {n} (group of players who habitually play on the same team in multiplayer games):: klan {m} clandestine {adj} (done or kept in secret):: konspiracyjny, ukryty, tajny, pokątny clap {n} (The act of striking the palms of the hands, or any two surfaces, together):: klask {m} clap {v} (To strike the palms of the hands together):: klaskać clap {v} (To applaud by clapping the hands):: klaskać claptrap {n} (empty verbiage or nonsense):: mowa-trawa, pustosłowie claque {n} (people hired to applaud or boo):: klaka {f} clarification {n} (clarification of ideas, meaning, etc):: klaryfikacja {f} clarify {v} (to make clear or bright by freeing from feculent matter):: wyjaśniać, wyjaśnić, oczyścić {pf}, oczyszczać {impf} clarinet {n} (woodwind musical instrument):: klarnet {m} Clarissa {prop} (female given name):: Klarysa {f} clarity {n} (the state or measure of being clear):: klarowność {f}, jasność {f} class {n} (group, collection, category or set sharing characteristics or attributes):: klasa {f} class {n} (social grouping, based on job, wealth, etc. ):: klasa {f} class {n} (division of society into classes):: klasa {f} class {n} (admirable behavior; elegance):: klasa {f} class {n} (group of students in a regularly scheduled meeting with a teacher):: klasa {f} class {n} (series of classes covering a single subject):: kurs class {n} (group of students who commenced or completed their education during a particular year):: klasa {f} class {n} (category of seats in an airplane, train or other means of mass transportation):: klasa {f} class {n} ((programming, object-oriented) set of objects possibly differing in state but not behavior):: klasa {f} classic {adj} (exemplary of a particular style):: klasyczny {m} classic {adj} (exhibiting timeless quality):: klasyczny {m} classical {adj} (literature etc):: klasyczny Classical Arabic {prop} (Classical Arabic):: klasyczny język arabski {m} classical music {n} (the more serious forms of European and American music):: muzyka poważna {f} classicism {n} (classical traditions of the art and architecture of ancient Greece and Rome):: klasycyzm {m} classicistic {adj} (of or pertaining to classicism):: klasycystyczny classification {n} (act of forming into classes):: klasyfikacja {f} classified {adj} (formally assigned to a level of sensitivity):: niejawny {m}, zastrzeżony {m} classify {v} (identify or divide into classes):: klasyfikować classmate {n} (student who is in the same class at school):: kolega z klasy {m}, koleżanka z klasy {f} classroom {n} (room in a school):: aula {f}, klasa {f} Claude {prop} (male given name):: Klaudiusz {m} Claudia {prop} (female given name):: Klaudia {f} claustrophobia {n} (fear of closed, tight places):: klaustrofobia {f} clavichord {n} (early keyboard instrument):: klawikord clavicle {n} (collar bone):: obojczyk {m} clavicytherium {n} (harpsichord in which the soundboard and strings are mounted vertically facing the player):: claviciterium, klawicyterium clavis {n} (glossary) SEE: glossary:: claw {n} (curved horny nail):: pazur {m} claw {n} (foot equipped with such):: szpon {m} claw {n} (mechanical device for gripping):: kleszcze {p}, szczypce {p} claw {v} (scratch or tear at):: drapać clay {n} (mineral substance):: glina {f} claystone {n} (sedimentary rock composed of fine, clay particles):: iłowiec {m} clean {adj} (not dirty):: czysty {m} clean {adj} (pure, especially morally or religiously):: przyzwoity {m} clean {v} ((transitive) to remove dirt from a place or object):: czyścić {impf}, oczyszczać {impf}, oczyścić {pf}, sprzątać clean {v}:: czyścić clean {adj} (empty) SEE: empty:: clean and jerk {n} (in weightlifting):: podrzut {m} cleaner {n} (person who cleans):: sprzątacz {m}, sprzątaczka {f} cleaning {n} (action in which something is cleaned):: sprzątanie {n}, czyszczenie {n} cleanliness {n} (the property of being cleanly):: czystość {f}, czystota {f} [dated] cleanse {v} (clean, purify):: oczyścić cleanse {v} (spiritually purify):: oczyścić clean sheet {n} (game played without having conceded a goal):: czyste konto {m} clean up {v} (to make an area or a thing clean):: sprzątać {impf}, posprzątać {pf} clear {adj} (without clouds):: pogodny clear {adj} (free of ambiguity or doubt):: jasny clear {v} (computing: reset; return to zero):: wymazać {pf}, czyścić {impf} clear cut {adj} (straightforward):: jasny clearcutting {n} (forestry practice):: zrąb {m} clearing {n} (area of land within a wood or forest devoid of trees):: poręba {f} cleartext {n} (unencrypted text):: tekst otwarty {m}, tekst jawny {m} cleat {n} (device to secure a rope):: knaga cleavage {n} (mineralogy: tendency of a crystal to split):: łupliwość {f} cleaver {n} (a squarish knife used for hacking):: tasak {m} clef {n} (musical symbol):: klucz {m} cleft {n} (opening made or as if made by splitting):: szczelina {f} cleft lip {n} (harelip) SEE: harelip:: clematis {n} (any plant of the genus Clematis):: powojnik {m} clementine {n} (citrus fruit):: klementynka {f} Cleopatra {prop} (a given name of women in the Ptolemy dynasty):: Kleopatra {f} clergy {n} (people trained to officiate at religious ceremonies and services):: duchowieństwo {n}, kler {m} cleric {n} (clergy member):: duchowny {m} clerical {adj} (of or relating to clerks or their work):: biurowy clerical collar {n} (collar worn by clergy):: koloratka {f} clerihew {n} (rhyme of four lines, usually regarding a person):: clerihew Cleveland {prop} (city in Ohio):: Cleveland clever {adj} (mentally quick or sharp):: sprytny, zmyślny, bystry, zdolny clew {n} (clue) SEE: clue:: cliché {n} (overused phrase or expression):: frazes {m}, komunał {m}, banał {m} cliche {n} (cliché) SEE: cliché:: click {n} (sharp sound):: pstryk, trzask click {n} (in phonetics):: mlask {m} click {n} (act of pressing a button on a computer mouse):: kliknięcie {n}, klik {m} click {v} (transitive: operate so as to make click):: klikać {impf}, kliknąć {pf} click {v} (transitive: press and release (button on a mouse)):: klikać {impf}, kliknąć {pf}, wcisnąć client {n} (a customer or receiver of services):: klient {m}, klientka {f}, kupujący {m} [when buying], usługobiorca {m} [service-taker] client {n} (computing: the role of a computer application or system):: klient {m} clientele {n} (body of clients who frequent an establishment):: klientela {f} client service {n} (customer service) SEE: customer service:: cliff {n} (a (near) vertical rock face):: klif {m} climate {n} (long-term atmospheric conditions):: klimat {m} climate change {n} (changes in the Earth's climate):: zmiana klimatu climatology {n} (science):: klimatologia {f} climax {n} (the peak of sexual pleasure) SEE: orgasm:: climb {v} (to ascend, to go up):: wspinać się climb {v} (to mount, to move upwards on):: [abstract] łazić {impf}, [concrete] leźć {impf} climb {v} (to move by using the hands and feet):: wdrapywać się climb {v} (to practice the sport of climbing):: wspinać się climb {n} (an act of climbing):: wspinaczka {f}, wejście {n}, wchodzenie {n} climbing frame {n} (playground equipment) SEE: jungle gym:: cling {v} (hold tightly):: przylgnąć clingy {adj} (having a tendency to cling):: przylepny {m} clinic {n} (medical facility):: klinika {f} clinical psychology {n} (branch of psychology):: psychologia kliniczna {f} clinker {n} (fetters) SEE: fetter:: Clio {prop} (the Muse of history and heroic poetry):: Klio clipboard {n} (in computing: buffer for temporary storage):: schowek {m} clipper {n} (fast sailing ship):: kliper {m} clique {n} (small, exclusive group):: klika {f} clique {n}:: koteria {f}, stronnictwo {n} clitic {n} (morpheme attached to another word):: klityka {f} clitorectomy {n} (clitoridectomy) SEE: clitoridectomy:: clitoridectomy {n} (surgical procedure):: klitoridektomia {f} clitoris {n} (elongated erectile organ):: łechtaczka {f} cloak {n} (cape):: peleryna {f} cloakroom {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet:: cloakroom {n} (room for coats):: szatnia {f} clock {n} (instrument to measure or keep track of time):: zegar {m-in} clock face {n} (the surface of a clock that contains the dial and hands):: tarcza {f}, cyferblat {m} clockmaker {n} (person who makes clocks):: zegarmistrz {m}, zegarmistrzyni {f} clockwise {adv} (in a circular fashion in the same direction as the hands of an analogue clock):: zgodnie z ruchem wskazówek zegara clockwise {adj} (moving clockwise):: zgodny z ruchem wskazówek zegara {m} clockwisely {adv} (clockwise) SEE: clockwise:: clod {n} (lump of something, especially of earth or clay):: grudka {f} clog {n} (a type of shoe with an inflexible, often wooden sole and an open heel):: drewniak {m} clog {v} (to block or slow passage through):: zapychać, zapchać cloister {n} (covered walk with an open colonnade):: krużganek {m} cloister {n} (place devoted to religious seclusion):: klasztor {m} clone {n} (copy of something already existing):: klon {m} clone {v} (create a clone):: klonować {impf}, sklonować {pf} clop {n} (The sound of a horse's shod hoof striking the ground):: tętent {m} close {v} (obstruct (an opening)):: zamykać {impf}, zamknąć {pf} close {v} (move (a door)):: zamykać {impf}, zamknąć {pf} close {v} (put an end to):: zamknąć, zamykać close {adj} (at a little distance):: bliski close, but no cigar {phrase} (that's almost correct, but not quite):: prawie robi wielką różnicę ("almost" makes a big difference) closed {adj} (not open):: zamknięty {m} closed {adj} (not operating or conducting trade):: zamknięty {m} closed {adj} (having an open complement):: domknięty {m} closed {adj} (in mathematics, such that its image under the specified operation is contained in it):: zamknięty {m} closeness {n} (proximity) SEE: proximity:: closet {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet:: closet {n} (furniture):: szafa {f} closet {n} (small private chamber):: komórka {f} closure {n} (mathematical set):: domknięcie {n} clot {n} (blood clot):: skrzep {m} clot {n} (solidified mass of any liquid):: grudka {f} clot {v} (to form into a clot):: krzepnąć cloth {n} (woven fabric):: materiał {m}, tkanina {f} clothes {n} (apparel):: ubranie {n}, ubrania {n-p}, odzież {m} clothes don't make the man {proverb} (clothes don't make the man):: nie szata zdobi człowieka clothes dryer {n} (appliance):: suszarka do ubrań clothes moth {n} (insect):: mól {m} clothes peg {n} (an object used to attach wet laundry to a clothesline):: klamerka {f} clothespin {n} (a clip or fastener) SEE: clothes peg:: clothing {n} (clothes):: odzież {f}, ubrania {n-p}, odzienie {c} [rare] cloud {n} (visible mass of water droplets suspended in the air):: chmura {f}, obłok {m} cloud {n} (mass of dust, steam or smoke):: chmura {f} cloud {n} (anything which makes things foggy or gloomy):: chmura {f} cloud {n} (the Internet):: chmura {f} cloudberry {n} (fruit):: malina moroszka {f}, moroszka {f} cloudburst {n} (sudden heavy rainstorm):: oberwanie chmury {n} cloud-cuckoo-land {n} (imaginary place with unrealistic or silly people):: Chmurny Kukułczyn clouded leopard {n} (medium sized arboreal cat):: pantera mglista {f} cloudiness {n} (weather):: pochmurność cloud nine {n} (state of fantastic or impractical dreaming) SEE: head in the clouds:: cloud up {v} (to become cloudy):: chmurzyć się, pochmurnieć cloudy {adj} (covered with or characterised by clouds):: pochmurny {m} clout {n} (influence, effectiveness):: znaczenie polityczne {n} clove {n} (spice):: goździki {m-p} clove {n} (constitutive bulb of garlic):: ząbek {n} cloven hoof {n} (divided hoof, as on bovine animals):: racica {f} clove pink {n} (carnation) SEE: carnation:: clover {n} (plant in genus Trifolium):: koniczyna {f}, dzięcielina {f} clown {n} (performance artist working in a circus):: klaun {m} clown {n} (person acting in a silly fashion):: pajac {m} club {n} (weapon):: maczuga {f} club {n} (association of members):: klub {m}, stowarzyszenie {n} club {n} (playing card symbol, ♣):: trefl {m} club {n} (hitting implement):: kij {m} clubs {n} (plural of club) SEE: club:: clubs {n} (one of the four suits of playing cards, marked with the symbol ♣):: trefl {m} cluck {n} (sound made by hen):: gdakanie cluck {v} (to produce cluck sound):: gdakać clue {n} (information that may lead one to a certain point or conclusion):: podpowiedź {f} clueless {adj} (lacking knowledge or understanding):: zielony {m} clumsy {adj} (awkward, lacking coordination, not graceful, not dextrous):: niezdarny {m}, niezgrabny clumsy {adj} (awkward or inefficient in use or construction):: niezgrabny {m} clunker {n} (decrepit motor car):: grat {m}, rzęch {m}, złom {m}, gruchot {m}, strucel {m}, rupieć {m}, wrak {m}, dezel {m} clunker {n} (anything in poor condition or of poor quality):: grat {m}, złom {m}, rupieć {m} cluster {n} (group or bunch of something):: skupisko {n} cluster {n} (a bunch of grapes):: grono {n} cluster {n} (group of galaxies or stars):: gromada {f} cluster {n} (secundal chord of three or more notes):: klaster {m} cluster {n} (group of consonants):: zbitka {f} cluster {n} (group of computers working together):: klaster {m} cluster {n} (set of bombs or mines):: kasetowy clusterfuck {n} (a chaotic situation):: burdel {m}, chujnia {f} [vulgar], rozpierducha {f} [vulgar], sraka {f} [vulgar], pierdolnia {f} [vulgar], jebutnia {f} [vulgar] clutch {n} (A device to interrupt power transmission):: sprzęgło {n} clutch {n} (The pedal in a car that disengages power transmission):: sprzęgło {n}, pedał sprzęgła {m} cluttered {adj} (scattered with a disorderly mixture of objects):: zaśmiecony {m} clypeus {n} (front part of an insect's head or a spider's cephalothorax):: nadustek {m} c'mere {contraction} (here) SEE: here:: c'mere {contraction} (come) SEE: come:: c'mon {contraction} (come on):: cho, hajda [attack], huzia [attack], dawaj, hajże [attack], nuże [archaic], jazda, dalej, dalejże [archaic] cnidarian {n} (any of various invertebrate animals that belong to the phylum Cnidaria):: parzydełkowiec {m} cnidoblast {n} (cnidocyte) SEE: cnidocyte:: cnidocyte {n} (stinging capsule found in cnidarians):: parzydełko {n} co- {prefix} (together, mutually, jointly):: współ- coach {n} (wheeled vehicle drawn by horse power):: powóz {m}, kareta {f} coach {n} (rail passenger car):: wagon {m} coach {n} (trainer):: trener {m}, trenerka {f} coach {n} (long-distance bus):: autokar coach {v} (sports: train):: trenować {impf} coach driver {n} (driver of a horse-drawn coach):: woźnica {m} coachman {n} (male coach driver) SEE: coach driver:: coachwoman {n} (female coach driver) SEE: coach driver:: coachwork {n} (body of a motor vehicle):: karoseria {f} coadjutor {n} (assistant) SEE: assistant:: coal {n} (uncountable: carbon rock):: węgiel {m} coalfield {n} (region containing deposits of coal):: zagłębie {n} coalition {n} (group of organizations):: koalicja {f} coalman {n} (someone who delivers coal):: węglarz {m} coalman {n} (someone who sells coal):: węglarz {m} coal tit {n} (coal tit):: sosnówka {f} coaming {n} (on a boat, the vertical side of the hatch):: zrębnica {f} coarsely {adv} (in a coarse manner):: grubiańsko, gburowato coast {n} (edge of land meeting ocean, sea, gulf, bay):: brzeg, wybrzeże coaster {n} (piece of material used to protect the surface of a table):: podstawka {f} coast guard {n} (enforcer of maritime law):: straż przybrzeżna {f} coat {n} (outer garment covering the upper torso and arms):: płaszcz {m} coat {n} (covering of material, such as paint):: warstwa {f} coat {n} (fur or feathers):: sierść {f} coat {v} (to cover with a coat of some material):: pokrywać, pokryć coat hanger {n} (device used to hang up coats, shirts, etc):: wieszak {m} coati {n} (any of several animals of the genus Nasua):: ostronos {m} coat of arms {n} (hereditary design depicted on an escutcheon):: herb {m} coauthor {n} (author who collaborate with another to write something):: współautor {m}, współautorka {f} cob {n} (gull) SEE: gull:: cob {n} (bread roll) SEE: bread roll:: cob {n} (corncob) SEE: corncob:: cobalt {n} (chemical element):: kobalt {m} cobber {n} (Australian: a pal, buddy, mate, friend):: stary {m} cobble {n} (cobblestone) SEE: cobblestone:: cobbler {n} (person who repairs shoes):: szewc {m}, szewczyni {f} cobbler {n} (policeman):: gliniarz {m} cobblestone {n} (a rounded stone):: brukowiec {m}, otoczak {m}, bruk {m} cobra {n} (venomous snake):: kobra {f} cobweb {n} (a spider’s web) SEE: spiderweb:: coca {n} (the dried leaf of a South American shrub ( Erythroxylon coca)):: koka {f} Coca-Cola {prop} (particular carbonated soft drink):: Coca-Cola {f}, coca-cola {f}, koka-kola {f}, cola {f}, kola {f} cocaine {n} (the narcotic):: kokaina {f} coccus {n} (type of bacterium):: ziarniak {m} coccyx {n} (( anatomy) final fused vertebrae):: kość guziczna {f} Cocha antshrike {n} (passerine bird of the antbird family):: chronka ekwadorska cock {n} (slang: penis) SEE: dick:: cock {n} (any male bird):: kurka cock {n} (male chicken; male gallinaceous bird) SEE: rooster:: cockade {n} (a rosette worn in a hat as an office or party badge):: kokarda {f} cock-a-doodle-doo {interj} (cry of the rooster):: kukuryku cockatoo {n} (a bird):: kakadu {f} cockchafer {n} (beetle of genus Melolontha):: chrabąszcz majowy {m}, chrabąszcz {m} cockerel {n} (young male chicken):: kogucik {m} cockeyed {adj} (absurd, silly, or stupid) SEE: absurd:: cockeyed {adj} (drunk) SEE: drunk:: cockeyed {adj} (crooked, askew) SEE: crooked:: cockeyed {adj} (having both eyes oriented inward) SEE: cross-eyed:: cockle {n} (wrinkle) SEE: wrinkle:: cockle {n} (any of various edible European bivalve mollusks):: sercówka {f} cockle {n} (corncockle) SEE: corncockle:: cockpit {n} (space for pilot and crew in an aircraft):: kokpit, kabina pilotów cockroach {n} (type of insect):: karaluch {m-an} cockscomb {n} (fleshy red crest of a rooster):: grzebień {m} cocksucker {n} (a fellator):: lachociąg {m}, obciągacz {m}, obciągara {f} cocksucker {n} (an objectionable person):: lachociąg {m} cocksure {adj} (overconfident):: pewny siebie cocktail {n} (alcoholic beverage):: koktajl {m} cocoa {n} (partially fermented seeds of cacao tree):: kakao {n} cocoa {n} (hot drink):: kakao {n} cocoa {adj} (of a light to medium brown colour):: kakaowy {m} cocoa {n} (powder) SEE: cocoa powder:: cocoa powder {n} (powder from cocoa solids):: kakao {n} coco-de-mer {n} (tree):: lodoicja seszelska {f} coconut {n} (fruit of coco palm):: kokos {m}, orzech kokosowy {m} cocoon {n} (protective case):: kokon {m} Cocytus {prop} (river of the underworld):: Kocyt {m}, Kokytos {m} cod {n} (marine fish of the family Gadidae):: dorsz {m-an} coddle {v} (to treat gently or with great care):: rozpieszczać {impf} code {n} (body of law):: kodeks {m} code {n} (set of rules for converting information):: kod {m} code {n} (cryptographic system):: kod {m}, szyfr {m} code {n} (instructions for a computer):: kod {m} code {v} (cryptography: to encode):: kodować code {n} (source code) SEE: source code:: codec {n} (A device or program capable of performing transformations on a data stream or signal):: kodek {m} codeine {n} (addictive alkaloid narcotic):: kodeina {f} code monkey {n} (a computer programmer):: klepacz kodu {m} codex {n} (early book):: kodeks {m} codfish {n} (cod) SEE: cod:: codify {v} (to reduce to a code):: kodyfikować coding {n} (encoding) SEE: encoding:: coding {n} (process of encoding or decoding):: kodowanie {n} coding {n} (process of writing computer software code):: programowanie {n} cod liver oil {n} (nutritional supplement):: tran {m} codomain {n} (target set of a function):: przeciwdziedzina {f} codpiece {n} (part of male dress to cover genitals):: mieszek {m}, saczek {m} codpiece {n} (protection for the male genitals in suit of armor):: saczek {m} co-ed {adj} (that teaches both males and females):: koedukacyjny {m} co-ed {adj} (that mixes males and females):: koedukacyjny {m} co-ed {n} (dated: young woman who attends college):: studentka {f} coefficient {n} (algebraic constant):: współczynnik {m} coefficient of friction {n} (ratio):: współczynnik tarcia {m} coelenterate {n} (member of the former phylum Coelenterata):: jamochłon {m} coeliac disease {n} (auto-immune disease characterised by sensitivity of the lining of the small intestine to gluten):: celiakia {f} coerce {v} (to use force, threat, or intimidation in attempt to compel one to act against their will):: zniewolić coercion {n} (actual or threatened force for the purpose of compelling action by another person):: przymus {m} coetaneous {adj} (contemporary) SEE: contemporary:: coevolution {n} (evolution featuring mutual adaptation):: koewolucja {f} coffee {n} (beverage):: kawa {f} coffee {n} (beans):: ziarna kawy {f-p} coffee {n} (plant):: kawowiec {m} coffee {n} (colour):: kawowy {m} coffee {adj} (of a pale brown colour):: kawowy {m} coffee bar {n} (establishment that sells coffee) SEE: café:: coffee cup {n} (cup for coffee):: filiżanka {f} coffee grinder {n} (a device for pulverizing or powdering coffee beans):: młynek do kawy {m} coffeehouse {n} (café) SEE: café:: coffeemaker {n} (kitchen apparatus used to brew and filter coffee):: ekspres do kawy {m} coffee pot {n} (pot for coffee):: imbryk do kawy {m} coffee shop {n} (café) SEE: café:: coffin {n} (box in which a dead person is buried):: trumna {f} cofinal {adj} (containing elements at least as late as any given element of the containing set):: współkońcowy {m} cofinality {n} (the property of being cofinal):: współkońcowość {f} cogeneration {n} (simultaneous or serial production of heat and electricity from the same source):: kogeneracja {f} cognac {n} (type of brandy):: koniak {m} cognate {adj} (kindred by birth):: pokrewny cognate {n} (word derived from the same roots as a given word):: pokrewny / spokrewniony wyraz {n} cognition {n} (process of knowing):: poznanie {n}, percepcja {n} cognitive {adj} (relating to mental functions):: poznawczy {m} cognitive psychology {n} (branch of psychology):: psychologia poznawcza coherence {n} (quality of cohering; of being coherent):: koherencja {f} coherent {adj} (orderly, logical and consistent):: koherentny coherent {adj} (of waves having the same direction, wavelength and phase):: koherentny cohesion {n} (the state of cohering, or of sticking together):: spójność {f} cohesion {n} (the various intermolecular forces that hold solids and liquids together):: kohezja {f} cohort {n} (associate) SEE: associate:: cohort {n} (colleague) SEE: colleague:: cohyponym {n} (a word or phrase that shares the same hypernym as another word or phrase):: kohiponim {m} coiffure {n} (hairstyle) SEE: hairstyle:: coil {n} (something wound):: zwój coil {n} (intra-uterine contraceptive device):: spirala {f} coil {n} (electrical):: cewka {f} Coimbra {prop} (city and municipality in Coimbra, Portugal):: Coimbra coin {n} (( currency) a piece of currency):: moneta, bilon coin {v} (to create coins):: bić / wytwarzać monety coin {v} (to make up or invent, and establish):: wymyślić, ukuć ( wyrażenie, powiedzenie) coinage {n} (currency) SEE: currency:: coinage {n} (neologism) SEE: neologism:: coincidence {n} (state of events appearing to be connected when they are not):: zbieg okoliczności {m}, koincydencja {f} coincident {adj} (occurring at the same time):: równoczesny {m} coin of the realm {n} (legal money of a country) SEE: legal tender:: coin purse {n} (small bag or pouch for coins):: portmonetka {f} coke {n} (coal product):: koks {m} coke {v} (to produce coke):: koksować coke {v} (to turn into coke):: koksować coke {n} (short for cocaine):: koka {f} colander {n} (a bowl-shaped kitchen utensil with holes in it used for draining food such as pasta):: durszlak {m} colchicine {n} (alkaloid):: kolchicyna {f} cold {adj} (having a low temperature):: zimny cold {adj} (of a person):: przeziębiony cold {adj} (unfriendly):: chłodny, oziębły cold {adj} (unprepared):: nieprzygotowany cold {n} (low temperature):: zimno {n}, mróz {m-in}, ziąb {m-in}, chłód {m} cold {n} (illness):: przeziębienie {n} cold day in Hell {n} (an event that will never happen):: jak rak świśnie a ryba piśnie cold fish {n} (heartless individual):: zimna ryba {f} cold front {n} (leading edge of an advancing mass of cold air):: front chłodny {m} cold fusion {n} (hypothetical form of nuclear fusion):: zimna fuzja {f} cold war {n} (a period of hostile relations):: zimna wojna {f} Cold War {prop} (a period of history from 1945-1991):: zimna wojna {f} cole {n} (cabbage) SEE: cabbage:: colectomy {n} (surgical procedure):: kolektomia coleslaw {n} (a salad):: coleslaw {m}, colesław {m}, kolesław {m} collaborate {v} (to work together on a piece of work):: współpracować collaborate {v} (to cooperate treasonably):: kolaborować collaboration {n} (act of collaborating):: współpraca {f} collaboration {n} (treasonous cooperation):: kolaboracja {f} collaborationist {n} (one who collaborates) SEE: collaborator:: collaborator {n} (person who cooperates traitorously with an enemy):: kolaborant {m}, kolaborantka {f} collage {n} (picture made by sticking other pictures onto a surface):: kolaż {m} collapse {v} (to fall down suddenly; to cave in):: zapadać się collapse {n} (act of collapsing):: zapaść {f} collar {n} (fabric garment part fitting around throat):: kołnierz {m} collar {n} (device for restraining animal):: obroża {f} collar {n} (the neck or line of junction between the root of a plant and its stem):: korona {f} collar {v} (to arrest) SEE: arrest:: collarbone {n} (clavicle) SEE: clavicle:: collared antshrike {n} (passerine bird):: mrowiec luskolicy collared peccary {n} (mammal):: pekari obrożny collared pratincole {n} ( Glareola pratincola):: żwirowiec łąkowy {m} colleague {n} (fellow member of a profession):: kolega {m}, koleżanka {f} collect {v} (to gather together):: zbierać {impf}, zebrać {pf}, gromadzić {impf}, zgromadzić {pf} collect {v} (to get from someone):: odbierać, ściągać collect {v} (to accumulate items for a hobby):: kolekcjonować collection {n} (set of items):: zbiór {m} collection {n} (activity of collecting):: zbieranie {n} collection {n} (gathering of money for charitable or other purposes):: składka {f}, zrzutka {f} [colloquial] collection {n} (debt collection) SEE: debt collection:: collective {adj} (in grammar):: zbiorowy {m} Collective Security Treaty Organisation {prop} (intergovernmental military alliance):: Organizacja Układu o Bezpieczeństwie Zbiorowym {f}, OUBZ collectivism {n} (An system in which the means are owned and controlled by people collectively):: kolektywizm {m} collectivization {n} (the act of collectivizing):: kolektywizacja {f} collector {n} (person or thing that collects):: kolekcjoner {m}, zbieracz {m} collector {n} (amplified terminal on a bipolar junction transistor):: kolektor {m} college {n} (institution of higher education):: szkoła wyższa {f} collenchyma {n} (a supporting ground tissue just under the surface of various leaf structures formed before vascular differentiation):: kolenchyma {f}, zwarcica {f} collider {n} (particle accelerator):: zderzacz {m} collier {n} (person):: węglarz {m} collier {n} (vessel):: węglowiec {m} collision {n} (instance of colliding):: kolizja {f}, zderzenie {n} collocation {n} (grouping of words that commonly occur together):: kolokacja {f} colloid {n} (stable system of two phases):: koloid {m} colloquial {adj} (of oral communication language):: kolokwialny, potoczny, obiegowy, swobodny colloquialism {n} (colloquial expression):: kolokwializm {m}, potocyzm {m}, wyrażenie potoczne {n} colloquialism {n} (colloquial style of speaking):: język potoczny {m}, mowa potoczna {f}, język obiegowy {m}, język pospolity {m}, język swobodny {m}, język powszechny {m} colloquially {adv} (in a colloquial manner):: potocznie, kolokwialnie colocolo {n} ( Leopardus colocolo):: kolokolo {m}, kot pampasowy {m}, ocelot pampasowy {m} cologne {n} (eau de Cologne):: woda kolońska {f} Cologne {prop} (city in Germany):: Kolonia {f} Colombia {prop} (country in South America):: Kolumbia {f} Colombian {n} (A person from Colombia):: Kolumbijczyk {m}, Kolumbijka {f} Colombian {adj} (pertaining to Colombia):: kolumbijski {m} colon {n} (punctuation mark):: dwukropek {m-in} colon {n} (the last part of the digestive system):: okrężnica {f} colonel {n} (commissioned office in the armed services):: pułkownik {m} colonialism {n} (colonial domination policy):: kolonializm colonization {n} (process of establishing a colony):: kolonizacja {f} colony {n} (region or governmental unit):: kolonia {f} colophony {n} (rosin) SEE: rosin:: color {n} (spectral composition of visible light):: kolor {m-in}, barwa {f} color {n} (particular set of the visible spectrum):: barwa {f}, kolor {m-in} color {n} (hue as opposed to achromatic colors):: barwa {f}, odcień {m-in} color {n} (human skin tone, especially as an indicator of race or ethnicity):: kolor skóry {m-in} color {n} (interest, especially in a selective area):: koloryt {m-in} color {n} (any of the standard dark tinctures used in a coat of arms):: kolor {m-in} color {v} (give something color):: kolorować, barwić, zabarwiać Colorado {prop} (US state):: Kolorado {n} Colorado beetle {n} (beetle):: stonka ziemniaczana {f} color blindness {n} (condition in which the ability to see colors is impaired):: daltonizm {m}, ślepota barw {f} colored pencil {n} (pencil with coloured core):: kredka {f} colorful {adj} (possessing prominent and varied colors):: kolorowy, wielobarwny coloring book {n} (a type of book):: kolorowanka {f} colossal {adj} (extremely large):: kolosalny Colosseum {prop} (ancient stadium in Rome):: Koloseum {n} Colossians {prop} (book of the Bible):: List do Kolosan colossus {n} (a statue of gigantic size):: kolos {m} colossus {n} (any creature or thing of gigantic size):: kolos {m} colostrum {n} (a form of milk):: siara {f}, młodziwo {n}, mleziwo {n} colourless {adj} (having no colour):: bezbarwny {m} colposcope {n} (a form of endoscope):: kolposkop colt {n} (young male horse):: źrebak {m}, ogierek {m} coltsfoot {n} ( Tussilago farfara):: podbiał {m} Columba {prop} (constellation):: Gołąb {m} columbarium {n} (a place for the respectful and usually public storage of cinerary urns):: kolumbarium {n} columbine {n} (any plant of the genus Aquilegia):: orlik column {n} (upright supporting member):: kolumna {f}, słup {m} column {n} (vertical line of entries in a table):: kolumna {f} column {n} (column of troops):: kolumna {f} column {n} (newspaper column):: kolumna {f} columnist {n} (regular writer of a column):: felietonista {m} colza {n} (cabbage variety):: rzepak {m} Com. {n} (abbreviation of comrade):: tow. coma {n} (Deep sleep):: śpiączka {f}, koma {f} coma {n} (Cloud surrounding a comet nucleus):: koma {f} Coma Berenices {prop} (small dim summer constellation of the northern sky):: Warkocz Bereniki {m} comatose {adj} (asleep) SEE: asleep:: comb {n} (toothed implement for grooming the hair):: grzebień {m}, grzebyk {m} comb {v} (to groom the hair with a toothed implement):: czesać {impf} comb {v} (to search thoroughly as if raking over an area with a comb):: przeczesywać comb {n} (structure of cells made by bees) SEE: honeycomb:: combat {n} (a battle; a fight):: walka {f} combat {v} (to fight; to struggle for victory):: zwalczać comber {n} (person who combs wool):: postrzygacz {m} combinatorics {n} (a branch of mathematics):: kombinatoryka {f} combine {n} (industrial conglomeration in the Soviet bloc):: kombinat {m} combine {n} (combine harvester) SEE: combine harvester:: combine driver {n} (one who drives a combine):: kombajnista {m} combine harvester {n} (combine):: kombajn {m} comb jelly {n} (ctenophore) SEE: ctenophore:: combover {n} (A manner of combing hair to conceal a bald spot):: pożyczka {f}, zaczeska {f} combust {v} (be consumed by fire) SEE: burn:: combustion {n} (the act or process of burning):: spalanie {n} combustion chamber {n} (space in a heat engine):: komora spalania {f} come {v} (to move nearer):: [on foot] przychodzić {impf}, przyjść {pf}; [by vehicle] przyjeżdżać {impf}, przyjechać {pf} come {v} (to orgasm):: dochodzić {impf}, dojść {pf} come across {v} (find, usually by accident):: natrafić, natknąć się na come again {v} (polite farewell, inviting return visit):: zapraszamy ponownie come at {v} (To attack):: atakować / nachodzić come back {v} (( intransitive) To return to a place):: wracać, wrócić Comecon {prop} (Comecon):: RWPG come down {v} (graduate) SEE: graduate:: comedown {n} (after a drug) SEE: crash:: comedy {n} (a choric song of celebration or revel):: komedia comedy {n} (a light, amusing play with a happy ending):: komedia {m} comedy {n} ((medieval Europe) a narrative poem with an agreeable ending):: komedia {f} comedy {n} (dramatic work that is light and humorous or satirical in tone):: komedia {f} comedy duo {n} (comic pairing) SEE: double act:: come in {v} (to enter) SEE: enter:: come in handy {v} (to prove to be useful or helpful):: przydawać się {impf}, przydać się {pf} comely {adj} (pleasing or attractive to the eye):: urodziwy come on {interj} (expression of encouragement):: dalej, dawaj, hajda [attack], nuże [archaic] come on {interj} (expression of disbelief):: no jak to, no weź, ja cię proszę, ja nie mogę, no gdzie, serio comet {n} (a celestial body, generally with a tail):: kometa {f} Comet {prop} (reindeer of Santa Claus):: Kometek {m} come upon {v} (to come across; to discover):: natknąć się comfort {n} (contentment, ease):: wygoda {f}, komfort {m} comfort {n} (consolation):: pociecha {f} comfort {v} (console) SEE: console:: comfortable {adj} (providing physical comfort and ease):: wygodny {m}, wygodna {f} comforter {n} (pacifier) SEE: pacifier:: comforter {n} (person who comforts):: pocieszyciel {m}, pocieszycielka {f} comfort woman {n} (forced prostitute):: kobieta do towarzystwa {f} comfrey {n} (perennial herb):: żywokost {m} comic {n} (comedian):: komik {m} comic {n} (cartoon story):: komiks {m} comical {adj} (being funny, whimsically amusing):: śmieszny {m} comics {n} (artistic medium):: komiks {m} comics {n} (collection of comic strips):: komiks {m} comma {n} (punctuation mark ', '):: przecinek {m-in} comma {n} (butterfly):: rusałka ceik {f} command {n} (order):: rozkaz {m} command {n} (computing: directive to a computer program):: komenda {f}, polecenie {n} commander {n} (one who exercises control and direction of a military or naval organization):: dowódca {m} commander in chief {n} (Supreme commander of the armed forces of an entire country):: naczelny wódz {m} commanding general {n} (commanding officer) SEE: commanding officer:: commanding officer {n} (officer in command of a military unit):: dowódca {m} commandment {n} (a command or edict):: przykazanie {n} commando {n} (small fighting force):: komando {n} commando {n} (commando trooper):: komandos {m} commemorate {v} (to honor the memory of someone or something):: uczcić pamięć {pf} commemorate {v} (to serve as memorial to someone or something):: upamiętniać {impf}, upamiętnić {pf} commemoration {n} (act of commemorating):: upamiętnienie {n} commence {v} (begin, start):: poczać, poczynać commendable {adj} (worthy of commendation):: chwalebny, godny pochwały commensal {adj} (of a form of symbiosis):: komensaliczny commensal {n} (organism partaking in a commensal relationship):: komensal {m} commensalism {n} (sharing of the same environment):: komensalizm {m} commensurate {adj} (proportionate; of a similar measurable standard):: współmierny {m} comment {v} (to comment) SEE: observe:: comment {n} (spoken remark):: komentarz {m} comment {n} (programming: remark not affecting behavior):: komentarz {m} comment {v} (to remark):: komentować comment {v} (programming: to insert comments):: komentować, zakomentować commentary {n} (A series of comments or annotations):: komentarz {m} commentator {n} (person who comments):: komentator {m} commenter {n} (one who comments):: komentator {m} comment out {v} (disable a section of source code):: zakomentować, wykomentować commerce {n} (large scale trade):: handel {m} commercial {n} (advertisement in a common media format):: reklama {f} commercial {adj} (of or pertaining to commerce):: komercyjny commercial at {n} (at sign) SEE: at sign:: commercialization {n} (the act of commercializing):: komercjalizacja {f} commie {n} (communist) SEE: communist:: comminution {n} (breaking or grinding up of a material):: rozdrabnianie {n}, kruszenie {n} commission {n} (official authority):: komisja {f} commission {n} (body of officials):: komisja {f} commission {n} (fee charged):: prowizja {f} commission {v} (send to do something):: zlecać, zlecić commit {v} (to do (something bad); to perpetrate):: popełniać commitment {n} (being bound emotionally/intellectually):: zobowiązanie {n} commit suicide {v} (to kill oneself):: popełnić samobójstwo {pf} committee {n} (group of persons convened for the accomplishment of some specific purpose):: komitet {m} committee {n} (guardian) SEE: guardian:: commo {n} (communist) SEE: communist:: commo {n} (communication) SEE: communication:: commodity {n} (anything movable traded):: towar {m} common {adj} (mutual):: wspólny {m}, wzajemny common {adj} (usual):: zwykły {m}, pospolity {m}, powszedni {m}, potoczny {m}, obiegowy {m} common {adj} (found in large numbers or in a large quantity):: pospolity {m}, powszechny {m} common {adj} (ordinary):: zwyczajny {m}, potoczny {m} common {adj} (grammar: of the gender resulting from the coalescence of the masculine and feminine genders):: wspólny, męsko-żeński common {n} (mutual good):: dobro wspólne {n} common alder {n} (black alder) SEE: black alder:: common bean {n} (plant):: fasola {f} common blackbird {n} ( Turdus merula) SEE: blackbird:: common clothes moth {n} (type of moth):: mól {m} common cockchafer {n} ( Melolontha melolontha):: chrabąszcz majowy {m} common cold {n} (mild infection):: przeziębienie {n} Common Era {prop} (secular equivalent of anno Domini and the Christian Era):: naszej ery {f} common fraction {n} (fraction with two integers):: ułamek zwykły {m} common gender {n} (a grammatical gender):: rodzaj wspólny {m} Common Germanic {prop} (Proto-Germanic) SEE: Proto-Germanic:: common greenshank {n} ( Tringa nebularia):: kwokacz {m} common gull {n} ( Larus canus):: mewa pospolita common hepatica {n} ( Hepatica nobilis):: przylaszczka pospolita {f} common kestrel {n} ( Falco tinnunculus):: pustułka {f} common loon {n} (great northern diver) SEE: great northern diver:: commonly {adv} (as a rule; usually):: powszechnie, zwykle common millet {n} (proso millet) SEE: proso millet:: common murre {n} ( Uria aalge):: nurzyk {m} common noun {n} (noun that denotes any member or all members of a class):: rzeczownik pospolity {m} commonplace {adj} (ordinary):: pospolity, powszechny commonplace {n} (platitude or cliché):: frazes {m} common redshank {n} ( Tringa totanus):: krwawodziób {m} common rock thrush {n} ( Monticola saxatilis):: nagórnik {m} common sandpiper {n} ( Actitis hypoleucos):: brodziec piskliwy {m} common scoter {n} ( Melanitta nigra):: markaczka {f} common sense {n} (ordinary understanding):: zdrowy rozsądek {m} common shelduck {n} (bird):: ohar {m} common shrew {n} ( Sorex araneus):: ryjówka aksamitna Common Slavic {prop} (Proto-Slavic) SEE: Proto-Slavic:: Common Slavic {prop}:: prasłowiański {m} common snipe {n} (the species Gallinago gallinago):: bekas kszyk {m} Commonwealth of Independent States {prop} (alliance of former Soviet republics):: Wspólnota Niepodległych Państw {f}, WNP {f} common whitefish {n} ( Coregonus lavaretus):: sieja pospolita common year {n} (year that is not a leap year):: rok nieprzestępny {m} commotion {n} (agitated disturbance or a hubbub):: zamieszanie {n} communication {n} (concept of exchanging information):: komunikacja {f} communion {n} (a joining together of minds or spirits):: komunia {f} communism {n} (philosophy):: komunizm {m} communism {n} (society):: komunizm {m} communist {adj} (of or relating to communism):: komunistyczny communist {n} (person who follows a communist philosophy):: komunista {m}, komunistka {f} Communist {n} (communist) SEE: communist:: Communist {adj} (communist) SEE: communist:: communistically {adv} (characteristic of communism):: komunistycznie community {n} (group sharing a common understanding):: społeczność {f} community {n} (residential or religious collective):: wspólnota {f} community college {n} (secondary school) SEE: secondary school:: community language {n} (unofficial language spoken as a local lingua franca) SEE: lingua franca:: communize {v} (To impose Communist ideals on people):: komunizować commutative {adj} (mathematics: such that order of operands does not affect result):: przemienny {m} commute {v} (to regularly travel to and from work, school etc. ):: dojeżdżać do pracy commuter rail {n} (railway):: kolej aglomeracyjna {f}, kolej podmiejska {f} Comoran {adj} (Comorian) SEE: Comorian:: Comoran {n} (Comorian) SEE: Comorian:: Comorian {n} (person):: Komoryjczyk {m} Comorian {adj} (pertaining to the Comoros):: komoryjski Comoros {prop} (country in Eastern Africa):: Komory {m-p} compact {adj} (topological sense):: zwarty {m} compact disc {n} (optical disc used to store data):: płyta CD {f}, płyta kompaktowa {f}, [informal] kompakt {m} compact disk {n} (CD) SEE: compact disc:: compactification {n} (procedure of enlarging a topological space to make it compact):: uzwarcenie {n} compactification {n} (topological space enlarged to become compact):: uzwarcenie {n} companion {n} (someone with whom one spends time or keeps company):: towarzysz {m}, towarzyszka {f}, kompan {m} company {n} (in legal context, a corporation):: firma {f}, przedsiębiorstwo {n}, spółka {f}, kompania {f} company {n} (social visitors):: goście company {n} (companionship):: towarzystwo {n} company {n} (military unit):: kompania {f} company {n} (unit of firefighters and their equipment):: kompania {f} comparable {adj} (similar) SEE: similar:: comparable {adj} (able to be compared):: porównywalny comparative {adj} (of or relating to comparison):: porównawczy comparative {n} (grammatical construction):: stopień wyższy {m-in} comparative {n} (word in comparative form):: stopień wyższy {m-in} comparative degree {n} ((grammar)) SEE: comparative:: compare {v} (to assess the similarities between two things or between one thing and another):: porównywać {impf}, porównać {pf} compare {v} (to form the three degrees of comparison of):: stopniować comparison {n} (act of comparing or the state of being compared):: porównanie {n} comparison {n} (evaluation of the similarities and differences of two (or more) things):: porównanie {n} comparison {n} (state of being similar or alike):: porównanie {n} comparison {n} (ability of adjectives and adverbs to form three degrees):: stopniowanie {n} compartment {n} (chamber):: przedział {m} compartment {n} (mound beneath the shield in a coat of arms on which the supporters stand):: postument compass {n} (instrument to determine cardinal directions):: kompas {m-in} compass {n} (pair of compasses) SEE: pair of compasses:: compassion {n} (deep awareness of the suffering of another):: współczucie {n} compassionate {adj} (having, feeling or showing compassion):: litościwy compass point {n} (any of the horizontal directions indicated on a compass):: strona świata {f} compass rose {n} (a circle indicating directions):: róża wiatrów compatibility {n} (capability to exist without mutual interference):: kompatybilność {f} compatible {adj} (capable of easy interaction):: kompatybilny, zgodny {m} compatible {adj} (able to get along well):: kompatybilny compatriot {n} (somebody from one's own country):: rodak {m}, krajan {m}, krajanka {f} compel {v} (force, constrain or coerce):: zmuszać {impf}, zmusić {pf} compendium {n} (short, complete summary):: kompendium {n} compere {v} (emcee) SEE: emcee:: compere {n} (master of ceremonies) SEE: master of ceremonies:: compete {v} (to contend):: konkurować competition {n} (action of competing):: rywalizacja {f} competition {n} (contest for a prize or award):: konkurs {m}, zawody competitor {n} (person against whom one is competing):: konkurent, współzawodnik, rywal competitor {n} (participant in a competition):: współzawodnik compilator {n} (compiler) SEE: compiler:: compile {v} (produce executable):: kompilować compiler {n} (computer program):: kompilator {m} complacency {n} (feeling):: samozadowolenie {n} complain {v} (to express feelings of pain, dissatisfaction, or resentment):: narzekać, skarżyć się complain {v} (to make a formal accusation or bring a formal charge):: skarżyć, składać skargę complainant {n} (plaintiff):: powód {m} complaint {n} (grievance, problem, difficulty, or concern; the act of complaining):: skarga {f} complement {n} (set theory: relative complement):: dopełnienie {n} complement {n} (set theory: absolute complement):: dopełnienie {n} complementary angles {n} (pair of angles):: kąty dopełniające {m-p} complete {v} (to finish):: ukończyć complete {v} (to make whole or entire):: dopełnić, uzupełnić, skompletować {pf} complete {adj} (with everything included):: pełny, kompletny complete {adj} (of metric space: such that every Cauchy sequence converges in it):: zupełna {f} complete {adj} (of a lattice: such that every set with a lower bound has a greatest lower bound):: zupełna {f} complete {adj} (of a category: such that all small limits exist):: zupełna {f} complete {adj} (of a proof system: such that any semantically valid formula is also provable):: zupełny complete angle {n} (round angle) SEE: round angle:: complete graph {n} (graph):: graf pełny {m} completely {adv} (in a complete manner):: całkowicie, w całości completely {adv} (to the fullest extent or degree):: zupełnie, totalnie, całkowicie completeness {n} (state or condition of being complete):: całkowitość {f}, kompletność {f}, zupełność {f}, pełnia {f} completion {n} (making complete; conclusion):: zakończenie {n}, ukończenie {n}, zrealizowanie {n} complex {adj} (intricate):: skomplikowany, złożony complex {adj} (not simple or straightforward):: skomplikowany, złożony complex {adj} (in mathematics):: zespolony {m} complex {n} (collection of buildings):: kompleks {m} complex {n} (psychologically based dislike or fear):: kompleks {m} complex {n} (problem) SEE: problem:: complex conjugate {n} (mathematics: number formed by changing the sign of the imaginary part of a complex number):: sprzężenie ( zespolone) {n}, liczba sprzężona {f} complexion {n} (appearance of the skin on the face):: cera {f}, karnacja {f}, płeć {f} [archaic] complexity {n} (The state of being complex; intricacy; entanglement):: złożoność {f} complexity {n} (That which is complex; intricacy; complication):: zawiłość {f} complex number {n} (number of the form a + bi):: liczba zespolona {f} compliance {n} (act of complying):: ugoda compliance {n} (state of being compliant):: zgodność {f} compliance {n} (tendency of conforming with others):: ugodowość {f} compliance {n} (measure of the extension or displacement of a loaded structure):: podatność {f} compliancy {n} (state of being compliant) SEE: compliance:: compliant {adj} (compatible with or following guidelines):: zgodny complicated {adj} (difficult or convoluted):: skomplikowany, złożony compliment {n} (expression of praise, congratulation or respect):: komplement {m}, pochwała {f}, pochlebstwo {n} complimentary {adj} (in the nature of a compliment):: nieodpłatny, darmowy composer {n} (one who composes music):: kompozytor {m}, kompozytorka {f} composite number {n} (number that is the product of two natural numbers other than itself and 1):: liczba złożona {f} composition {n} (essay) SEE: essay:: composition {n} (general makeup of something):: skład {m} compositor {n} (typesetter) SEE: typesetter:: compos mentis {adj} (criminally responsible):: poczytalny compost {n} (decayed remains of organic matter):: kompost {m} compost {v} (to produce compost):: kompostować composure {n} (calmness of mind or matter, self-possession):: opanowanie {n} compote {n} (fruit dessert):: kompot {m} compound {n} (chemistry: substance made by chemical combination of elements):: związek {m} compound {n} (linguistics: word formed by combining other words) SEE: compound word:: compound bow {n}:: łuk bloczkowy compound eye {n} (a visual organ found in arthropods such as insects and crustaceans):: oko złożone {n} compound sentence {n} (a sentence that has two or more independent clauses, joined by a conjunction and/or punctuation. ):: zdanie złożone {n} compound word {n} (word composed of others):: złożenie comprehend {v} (to cover):: obejmować {impf}, objąć {pf} comprehend {v} (to understand):: pojmować {impf}, pojąć {pf} comprehensible {adj} (able to be comprehended):: zrozumiały comprehension {n} (thorough understanding):: zrozumienie {n}, pojmowanie {n} comprehensive {adj} (broadly or completely covering):: wszechstronny compressed air {n} (air increased in pressure):: sprężone powietrze compression {n} (the act of compressing):: kompresja {f} compression {n} (the cycle of an internal combustion engine during which the fuel and air mixture is compressed):: sprężenie {n}, kompresja {f} compression {n} ((computing) the process by which data is compressed):: kompresja {f} compression ratio {n} (the ratio of the size of compressed data to uncompressed data):: stopień sprężania comprise {v} (be made up of):: składać się comprise {v} (include):: zawierać compromise {n} (settlement of differences by arbitration or by consent reached by mutual concessions):: kompromis {m} compulsory {adj} (mandatory):: obowiązkowy compulsory purchase {n} (government's right to expropriate private land):: wywłaszczenie, ekspropriacja computational linguistics {n} (interdisciplinary field):: lingwistyka komputerowa computer {n} (device):: komputer {m-in} computer {n} (person):: rachmistrz {m-pr} computer-aided design {n} (process of design using computers):: projektowanie wspomagane komputerowo {n}, CAD computer-aided design {n}:: komputerowe wspomaganie projektowania computer game {n} (electronic game):: gra komputerowa {f} computer graphics {n} (representation and manipulation of pictures by computer):: grafika komputerowa {f} computerization {n} (the act of computerizing):: komputeryzacja {f} computer language {n} (language associated with computers):: język komputerowy {m} computer program {n} (software):: program komputerowy {m} computer science {n} (study of computers and their architecture):: informatyka {f} computer scientist {n} (one who studies or practises computer science):: informatyk {m} computer virus {n} (program) SEE: virus:: computing {n} (the study, field of computers and computer programming):: informatyka {f} computing {n} (calculation) SEE: calculation:: comrade {n} (mate, companion, or associate):: kamrat {m}, kompan {m}, towarzysz {m} comrade {n} (fellow socialist or communist):: towarzysz {m}, towarzyszka {f} comrade {n} (title used in leftist circles):: towarzysz {m}, towarzyszka {f} comrade in arms {n} (brother-in-arms) SEE: brother-in-arms:: concave {adj} (curved inward):: wklęsły conceal {v} (to hide something):: ukrywać, chować conceited {adj} (having an excessively favorable opinion of oneself):: zarozumiały {m} concentration {n} (proportion of substance in a mixture):: stężenie {n} concentration {n} (The amount of solute present in a solution):: stężenie {n} concentration {n} (The act or process of concentrating):: koncentracja {f}, skupienie {n} concentration camp {n} (camp where large numbers of persons are detained):: obóz koncentracyjny {m}, kacet {m} [slang] concept {n} (something understood and retained in the mind):: pojęcie {n}, pomysł {m} concept album {n} (album):: album koncepcyjny {m} conception {n} (initiation of an embryonic animal life):: poczęcie {n} concert {n} (a musical entertainment in which several voices or instruments take part):: koncert {m} concertina {n} (the musical instrument):: koncertyna {f} concise {adj} (brief and precise):: zwięzły {m}, lakoniczny {m} conclusion {n} (outcome):: wniosek, wynik, rezultat concoct {v} (to contrive something using skill or ingenuity):: wymyślić concoction {n} (mixture so prepared):: konkokcja {f} concomitant {adj} (following as a consequence):: współistniejący {m} concord {n} ((grammar) Agreement of words with one another) SEE: agreement:: concordance {n} (agreement) SEE: agreement:: concordat {n} (agreement):: konkordat {m} concourse {n} (a large open space in a building where people can gather):: hala {f} concrete {adj} (particular, perceivable, real):: konkretny concrete {adj} (not abstract):: konkretny concrete {adj} (made of concrete):: betonowy concrete {n} (building material):: beton {m-in} concrete {v} (cover with concrete):: betonować concretism {n} (abstractionist movement):: konkretyzm concubinage {n} (the state of cohabitating while not married):: konkubinat {m} concubine {n} (a woman who lives with a man, but who is not a wife):: nałożnica {f}, konkubina {f} concubine {n} (mistress) SEE: mistress:: concupiscent {adj} (amorous, lustful):: zmysłowy, lubieżny concur {v} (To unite or agree):: zgadzać się concurrence {n} (agreement):: zgoda {f} concussion {n} (a violent collision or shock):: wstrząs {m} concussion {n} (an injury to part of the body, most especially the brain):: wstrząśnienie mózgu {n}, wstrząs mózgu {m-in} condensed milk {n} (milk that has been reduced to syrup):: mleko skondensowane {n} condenser {n} (capacitor) SEE: capacitor:: condescendence {n} (condescension) SEE: condescension:: condescending {adj} (assuming a tone of superiority or a patronizing attitude):: protekcjonalny condescendingly {adv} (In a condescending manner):: protekcjonalnie condescension {n} (patronizing attitude or behavior):: protekcjonalizm {m}, protekcjonalność {f} condiment {n} (something used to enhance flavor):: przyprawa {f} condition {n} (logical clause or phrase):: warunek {m} condition {n} (requirement or requisite):: warunek {m} condition {n} (health status of a patient):: stan {m}, kondycja {f} condition {n} (state of an object):: stan {m} conditional {n} (grammar: mode/mood):: tryb przypuszczający {m} conditional {adj} (in logic):: warunkowy conditional mood {n} (conditional) SEE: conditional:: conditional sentence {n} (probation) SEE: probation:: conditioner {n} (hair conditioner) SEE: hair conditioner:: condole {v} (to express sympathetic sorrow, to lament):: współczuć condom {n} (flexible sleeve worn on the penis):: prezerwatywa {f}, kondom {m} [outdated] condominium {n} (joint sovereignty over a territory):: kondominium {n} condominium {n} (building in which each unit is owned by an individual, but the grounds is owned jointly):: wspólnota mieszkaniowa {f} condominium {n} (unit or apartment in such a complex):: mieszkanie własnościowe {n} conductor {n} (person who conducts an orchestra, choir or other music ensemble):: dyrygent {m} conductor {n} (person who takes tickets on public transportation):: konduktor {m} conductor {n} (something which can transmit electricity, heat, light or sound):: przewodnik {m} cone {n} (surface of revolution):: stożek {m} cone {n} (fruit of conifers):: szyszka {f} cone {n} (traffic cone) SEE: traffic cone:: coneflower {n} ( Echinacea):: jeżówka {f} coneflower {n} ( Rudbeckia):: rudbekia {f} confection {n} (food item):: słodycze {p} confectioner {n} (a manufacturer of or dealer in confections):: cukiernik {m} confectioner's {n} (sweetshop) SEE: sweetshop:: confectioners' sugar {n} (powdered sugar) SEE: powdered sugar:: confectioners sugar {n} (powdered sugar) SEE: powdered sugar:: confectionery {n} (sweet foodstuffs, collectively):: słodycze {p} confectionery {n} (shop where confectionery is sold) SEE: sweetshop:: confederacy {n} (a decentralized state made up of sovereign units) SEE: confederation:: confederation {n} (union or alliance of states):: konfederacja {f} confer {v} (discuss, consult):: wiecować {impf} conference {n} (a meeting of people):: konferencja {f} confess {v} (to admit to the truth):: przyznawać się {impf}, przyznać się {pf} confess {v} (to disclose everything to a Catholic priest):: spowiadać się confession {n} (open admittance):: wyznanie {n}, przyznanie się {n} confession {n} (disclosure of one's sins to a priest):: spowiedź {f} confessional {n} (a small room where confession is performed):: konfesjonał {m} confessor {n} (priest who hears confession):: spowiednik {m} confident {adj} (being very sure of or positive about something):: pewny confident {adj} (self-confident) SEE: self-confident:: confidential {adj} (meant to be kept secret within a certain circle):: poufny confidentiality {n} (something told in confidence) SEE: secret:: confidentiality {n} (property):: poufność {f} confidently {adv} (in a confident manner):: pewnie configuration {n} (relative disposition):: konfiguracja {f} confine {v} (incarcerate) SEE: incarcerate:: confine {v} (arrest) SEE: arrest:: confine {v} (imprison) SEE: imprison:: confine {v} (detain) SEE: detain:: confirm {v} (to confer the confirmation):: bierzmować confirm {v} (to assure):: potwierdzać confirmation {n} (indicator):: potwierdzenie {n} confirmation {n} (verification):: potwierdzenie {n} confirmation {n} (Christian ceremony or sacrament):: bierzmowanie {n} confiscate {v} (take possession of by authority):: konfiskować confiscation {n} (the act or process of confiscating an item from public use; expropriation):: konfiskata {f} conflagration {n} (a large, ferocious, and destructive fire):: pożar {m} conflate {v} (fuse into a single entity):: połączyć conflict {n} (clash or disagreement):: konflikt {m}, walka {f} confluence {n} (point where two rivers or streams meet):: zbieg {m} conform {v} (to be in accordance with a set of specifications):: dostosować się conformal {adj} (mathematics: that preserves angles unchanged):: konforemny {m}, wiernokątny {m}, równokątny {m} conformal {adj} (cartography: that preserves angles over small scales, at all except a limited number of points):: wiernokątny {m} conformant {adj}:: zgodny ze specyfikacją conformism {n} (willingness to conform):: konformizm {m} confrontation {n} (The act of confronting or challenging another, especially face-to-face):: konfrontacja {f} Confucianism {n} (philosophy):: konfucjanizm {m} Confucius {prop} (Chinese philosopher):: Konfucjusz {m} confuse {v} (to mix up / muddle up one thing with another; to mistake one thing for another):: pomylić confused {adj} (disoriented):: zdezorientowany confused {adj} (chaotic, jumbled or muddled):: zakłopotany {m}, zmieszany {m} confusion {n} (lack of clarity or order):: zamieszanie {n}, chaos {m} confusion {n} (state of being confused; misunderstanding):: nieporozumienie {n} congeal {v} (to change from a liquid to solid state):: zestalić congenital {adj} (present since birth):: wrodzony congenital insensitivity to pain {n} (CIP):: analgezja wrodzona {f} conglomerate {n} (rock consisting of gravel or pebbles embedded in a matrix):: zlepieniec {m}, żwirowiec {m} Congo {prop} (country with Brazzaville as capital):: Kongo, Kongo (Brazzaville) [colloquial] Congo {prop} (country with Kinshasa as capital):: Demokratyczna Republika Konga {f} Congo {prop} (river):: Kongo {n} Congo-Brazzaville {prop} (Congo) SEE: Congo:: Congo-Kinshasa {prop} (Congo) SEE: Congo:: congratulate {v} (to express one’s sympathetic pleasure or joy to the person(s) it is felt for):: gratulować {impf}, pogratulować {pf} congratulation {n} (act of congratulating):: gratulacje {p} congratulations {interj} (expressing approbation):: gratulacje congress {n} (sexual intercourse) SEE: sexual intercourse:: congress {n} (legislative body):: kongres {m} congress {n} (conference):: zjazd {m} congruence {n} (the quality of agreeing or corresponding):: stosowność {c} congruence {n} (number theory, relation indicating two numbers give the same remainder when divided by some number):: przystawanie {n} congruence {n} (geometry, quality of being roughly the same size and shape):: przystawanie {n} congruent {adj} (harmonious) SEE: harmonious:: congruent {adj} (with difference divisible by modulus):: przystający {m}, kongruentny congruent {adj} (coinciding when superimposed):: przystający {m} congruous {adj} (harmonious) SEE: harmonious:: Coniacian {prop} (a subdivision of the Late (Upper) Cretaceous epoch):: koniak {m-in} conical {adj} (of or relating to a cone):: stożkowy {m} conical {adj} (cone-shaped):: stożkowy {m}, stożkowaty {m}, koniczny conic section {n} (Any of the four distinct shapes that are the intersections of a cone with a plane):: przekrój stożkowy {m}, stożkowa {f} conifer {n} (plant):: drzewo iglaste {n}, [colloquial] choinka {f} coniferous {adj} (of a conifer):: iglasty {m} coniine {n} (poison):: koniina {f} conium {n} ( Conium) SEE: hemlock:: conjugate {n} (math: complex conjugate) SEE: complex conjugate:: conjugate {v} (to inflect (a verb) for each person):: [intransitive] odmieniać, koniugować conjugation {n} (coming together of things):: połączenie {n} conjugation {n} (fusion of organisms):: koniugacja {f} conjugation {n} (in some languages, one of several classifications of verbs):: koniugacja {f} conjugation {n} (act of conjugating a verb):: koniugacja {f} conjunction {n} (act of joining or being joined):: łączenie {n}, połączenie {n} conjunction {n} (grammar: word used to join words or phrases):: spójnik {m-in} conjunction {n} (astronomy: alignment of two bodies in the solar system such that they have the same longitude when seen from Earth):: koniunkcja {f} conjunctiva {n} (membrane):: spojówka {f} conjunctive mode {n} (subjunctive mood) SEE: subjunctive mood:: conjunctive mood {n} (subjunctive mood) SEE: subjunctive mood:: conjunctivitis {n} (inflammation):: zapalenie spojówek conk {n} (slang: a nose) SEE: schnozzle:: conlang {n} (constructed language) SEE: constructed language:: connect {v} (to join two or more pieces):: łączyć {impf}, połączyć connect {v} (to join an electrical or telephone line):: łączyć {impf}, połączyć {pf} connect {v} (associate):: łączyć {impf}, połączyć {pf} connect {v} (make a travel connection):: przesiadać {impf}, przesiąść {pf} connected {adj} (topology: cannot be partitioned into two nonempty open sets):: spójny {m} connected {adj} (graph theory: having a path connecting every pair of vertices):: spójny {m} connected component {n} (maximally connected subset):: składowa spójna {f} Connecticut {prop} (a state of the United States of America):: Connecticut {n} connecting rod {n} (rod that transmits power or motion):: korbowód {m} connection {n} (transfer in transport):: przesiadka {f} connective {n} (function that operates on truth values):: spójnik {m} connective tissue {n} (type of tissue):: tkanka łączna {f} connectome {n} (complete description of nervous system connectivity):: konektom {m} connector {n} (mating pair of devices):: złącze {n} connexion {n} (connection) SEE: connection:: conning tower {n} (structure of submarine):: kiosk {m} connoisseur {n} (specialist whose opinion is valued):: koneser {m}, znawca {m} connotation {n} (suggested or implied meaning):: konotacja {f}, skojarzenie {n} connote {v} (to signify beyond principal meaning):: sugerować connote {v} (to imply, to suggest):: konotować, przywoływać przywodzić na myśl, conquer {v} (defeat in combat):: podbić conqueror {n} (someone who conquers):: zdobywca {m} conquest {n} (victory gained through combat; the subjugation of an enemy):: podbój {m} conquest {n} (competitive mode in first-person shooter games):: tryb podboju {m}, podbój {m} consanguinity {n} (a blood relationship):: pokrewieństwo {n} conscience {n} (moral sense):: sumienie {n} conscientious {adj} (thorough, careful, or vigilant):: skrupulatny {m}, sumienny {m} conscious {adj} (alert, awake):: przytomny {m}, świadomy {m} consciously {adv} (in a conscious manner; knowingly, volitionally):: świadomie consciousness {n} (awareness):: przytomność {f}, świadomość {f} conscript {n} (Draftee):: poborowy {m}, rekrut {m} conscription {n} (involuntary labor, especially military service):: pobór {m} consecution {n} (sequence) SEE: sequence:: consecutio temporum {n} (sequence of tenses):: następstwo czasów {n} consensus {n} (general agreement):: konsensus {m-in} consent {v} (to express willingness):: zgadzać się, przyzwalać consent {n} (voluntary agreement):: zgoda {f}, pozwolenie {n} consequence {n} (that which follows something on which it depends):: konsekwencja {f}, następstwo {n} consequence {n} (result of actions, especially unpleasant):: skutek {m} consequent {n} (the second half of a hypothetical proposition):: następnik {m} consequently {adv} (subsequently) SEE: subsequently:: consequently {adv} (as a result or consequence):: konsekwentnie conservationist {n} (A person who maintains natural areas or protects threatened species):: konserwatysta {m}, konserwatystka {f} conservatism {n} (political philosophy that favors maintaining limited government involvement):: konserwatyzm {m} conservatism {n} (political philosophy that moral objectivism exists, and should be adhered to):: konserwatyzm {m} conservative {n} (fiscal conservative):: konserwatywny conservative {n} (political conservative):: konserwatywny conservative {adj} (tending to resist change):: konserwatywny {m}, zachowawczy {m} conservative {adj} (supporting fiscal, political or social conservatism):: konserwatywny {m} conservative {adj} (cautious) SEE: cautious:: conservatively {adv} (in a conservative manner):: konserwatywnie conservativism {n} (conservatism) SEE: conservatism:: consider {v} (think about seriously):: rozważać consider {v} (think of doing):: rozważać consider {v} (assign some quality to):: uważać, uznawać consider {v} (look at attentively):: obserwować, baczyć consider {v} (debate or dispose of a motion):: rozważać considerable {adj} (worth considering):: znaczny, znaczący, spory considerably {adv} (significantly):: znacznie consignee {n} (The person to whom a shipment is to be delivered):: odbiorca {m} consilience {n} (concurrence of multiple inductions):: konsyliencja consistency {n} (reliability or uniformity; the quality of being consistent):: spójność {f} consistency {n} (degree of viscosity of something):: konsystencja {f} consistency {n} (logic: state of a system of axioms):: niesprzeczność {f} consistent {adj} (not logically contradictory):: konsystentny {m}, spójny consistently {adv} (constantly) SEE: constantly:: consist in {v} (have the thing mentioned as only or most important part):: polegać na consolation {n} (act of consoling):: pocieszenie {n} console {v} (to comfort):: pocieszać {impf}, pocieszyć {pf} consoler {n} (one who gives consolation):: pocieszyciel {m} consonant {n} (sound):: spółgłoska {f} consonant {n} (letter):: spółgłoska {f} consort {n} (husband, wife, companion or partner):: małżonek {m}, małżonka {f} consortium {n} (association or combination of businesses):: konsorcjum {n} conspicuous {adj} (obvious or easy to notice):: widoczny {m}, zauważalny {m}, rzucający się w oczy conspicuous {adj} (noticeable or attracting attention, especially if unattractive):: niezwykły {m}, rażący {m} conspiracy {n} (act of working in secret to obtain some goal):: spisek {m}, konspiracja {f}, knucie {pf}, zmowa conspiracy of silence {n} (an agreement):: zmowa milczenia {f} conspiracy theorist {n} (one who believes in a conspiracy theory):: teoretyk spiskowy {m}, teoretyczka spiskowa {f} conspiracy theory {n} (hypothetical speculation):: teoria spiskowa {f} conspirator {n} (person who is part of a conspiracy):: konspirator {m}, spiskowiec {m} conspiratorial {adj} (pertaining to conspiracy or conspirators):: spiskowy, konspiracyjny conspire {v} (to secretly plot):: spiskować {impf}, konspirować {impf}, kombinować {impf}, knuć {impf}, uknuć {pf} constant {n} (algebra: quantity that remains fixed):: stała {f} constant {n} (science: property that does not change):: stała {f} constant {n} (identifier that is bound to an invariant value):: stała constant function {n} (class of function):: funkcja stała {f} Constantine {prop} (male given name):: Konstantyn Constantinople {prop} (Constantinople):: Konstantynopol Constantinopolitan {n} (an inhabitant of Constantinople):: konstantynopolitańczyk {m}, konstantynopolitanka {f} constantly {adv} (in a constant manner):: ciągle, nieustannie constant of integration {n} (constant to be added at the indefinite integral):: stała całkowania constellation {n} (formation of stars perceived as figure):: gwiazdozbiór {m}, konstelacja {f} constellation {n} (modern astronomy: any of 88 officially recognized regions):: gwiazdozbiór {m}, konstelacja {f} consternation {n} (amazement or horror; terror, combined with amazement; dismay):: konsternacja {f} constipation {n} (state of bowels):: zaparcie {n}, zatwardzenie {n}, obstrukcja {f} constituent {n} (part, or component of a whole):: składnik {m} constituent {n} (resident of a place represented by an elected official):: wyborca {m} constitute {v} (to make up; to compose; to form):: stanowić {impf} constitution {n} (formal or informal system of primary principles and laws regulating a government or other institutions):: konstytucja {f} constitution {n} (legal document describing such a formal system):: konstytucja {f}, ustawa zasadnicza {f} constitutional {adj} (relating to the constitution):: konstytucyjny constitutional {adj} (conforming to the constitution):: konstytucyjny constitutionalism {n} (belief in government under a written constitution):: konstytucjonalizm {m} constitutionalist {n} (who adheres to constitutionalism):: konstytucjonalista constitutionalist {n} (who is specialist in constitutional law):: konstytucjonalista constitutionality {n} ((law) The status of being constitutional):: konstytucyjność {f} constitutional monarchy {n} (monarchy limited by laws and a constitution):: monarchia konstytucyjna {f} constraint {n} (something that constrains):: ograniczenie {n}, przymus {m} constraint {n} (mathematics: condition to a solution):: ograniczenie {n}, warunek {m} construct {v} (build or form by assembling parts):: budować {impf}, zbudować {pf}, konstruować {impf}, skonstruować {pf} constructed language {n} (an artificially created language):: język sztuczny {m} construction {n} (process of constructing):: budowa {f} construction {n} (anything constructed):: budynek, budowla construction {n} (structure):: budowla {f} construction site {n} (place where something is being constructed):: plac budowy {m}, budowa {f} constructiveness {n} (creativity) SEE: creativity:: constructivism {n} (movement in modern art):: konstruktywizm {m} construe {v} (to translate) SEE: translate:: construe {n} (translation):: tłumaczenie {n}, translacja {f} construe {n} (interpretation):: interpretacja {f}, tłumaczenie {n} construe {v} (to interpret or explain the meaning of something):: interpretować, tłumaczyć construe {v} (to analyze the grammatical structure):: rozbierać gramatycznie consul {n} (official who protects the interests of citizens):: konsul {m} consular {adj} (pertaining to a consul):: konsularny consulate {n} (the residency of a consul):: konsulat {m} consume {v} (use up):: zużyć consumer {n} (person purchasing goods):: konsument {m} consummate {adj} (complete, perfect, absolute):: doskonały {m}, wytrawny {m} consummate {v} (to bring something to completion):: zakończyć consummate {v} (to make a marriage complete by engaging in first sexual intercourse):: skonsumować {pf} Conté {n} (drawing medium):: Conté contact {n} (an act of touching physically):: kontakt {m} contact {n} (an establishment of communication):: kontakt {m} contact {n} (colloquial: a contact lens, see also: contact lens):: szkło kontaktowe {n} contact {n} (electrical: a device designed for repetitive connections):: kontakt {m} contact {n} (someone with whom one is in communication):: kontakt {m} contact {v} (establish communication with):: kontaktować (się) {impf}, skontaktować (się) {pf} contact lens {n} (thin lens placed directly on the eye):: szkło kontaktowe {n}, soczewka kontaktowa {f}, kontakt {m-in} [colloquial] contactor {n} (Relay used to control an electrical power circuit):: stycznik {m} contacts {n} (Plural form of contact) SEE: contact:: contagion {n} (transmission of a contagious disease):: zarażenie {n} contagious {adj} (of a disease, easily transmitted to others):: zaraźliwy {m} contagious {adj} (of a fashion, laughter, etc, easily passed on to others):: zaraźliwy {m} contagiousness {n} (state or condition of being contagious):: zaraźliwość {f} contain {v} (to contain) SEE: hold:: contain {v} (To hold inside):: zawierać contain {v} (To include as a part):: zawierać container {n} (an item in which objects, materials or data can be stored or transported):: pojemnik {m} container {n} (a very large, typically metal, box used for transporting goods):: kontener {m} contaminant {n} (that which contaminates):: zanieczyszczenie {n} contaminate {v} (To introduce impurities or foreign matter):: zatruwać contamination {n} (The act or process of contaminating):: skażenie {n} contamination {n} (A grammatical blend):: kontaminacja {f} contamination {n} (The influence of a term (often foreign) on the development of another term):: kontaminacja {f}, adideacja {f} contemplation {n} (The act of the mind in considering with attention; continued attention of the mind to a particular subject; meditation; musing; study):: kontemplacja {f}, medytacja {f} contemporaneous {adj} (existing or created in the same period of time):: jednoczesny contemporary {adj} (from the same time period):: ówczesny contemporary {adj} (modern):: współczesny, nowoczesny contempt {n} (a feeling or attitude):: pogarda {f}, lekceważenie {n} contempt {n} (a state of being despised or dishonored):: pogarda {f}, lekceważenie {n} contempt {n} (law: open disrespect or willful disobedience of the authority):: lekceważenie {n}, obraza {f} contemptible {adj} (deserving contempt):: zasługujący na pogardę contempt of court {n} (disrespect of a court of law):: obraza sądu {f} contemptuous {adj} (showing contempt):: pogardliwy {m} contender {n} (someone who competes):: zawodnik {m}, zawodniczka {f} content {n} (that which is contained):: zawartość {f} content {n} (subject matter):: treść {f} content {n} (the amount of material contained):: pojemność {f}, ilość {f} contented {adj} (satisfied) SEE: satisfied:: contentious {adj} (marked by controversy):: sporny {m} contents {n} (that which is contained):: zawartość {f}, treść {f} contents {n} (table of contents) SEE: table of contents:: contest {n} (controversy):: spór {m}, debata {f} contest {n} (competition, see also: competition):: konkurs {m} contest {n} (combat) SEE: combat:: contestant {n} (participant in a contest):: zawodnik {m}, zawodniczka {f} contested {adj} (controversial) SEE: controversial:: context {n} (circumstances or settings):: kontekst {m} context {n} (text in which a word appears):: kontekst {m} continent {n} (each of main land-masses on earth's surface):: kontynent {m} continental drift {n} (continental drift):: wędrówka kontynentów {f} continental quilt {n} (duvet) SEE: duvet:: continental shelf {n} (the area of sea around a land mass):: szelf kontynentalny {m}, półka kontynentalna {f} contingency plan {n} (alternative plan):: plan awaryjny {m} continuation {n} (act or state of continuing):: kontynuacja {f} continue {v} (transitive: proceed):: kontynuować continuity {n} (notion in mathematics):: ciągłość {f} continuous {adj} (in mathematical analysis):: ciągły continuous function {n} (function whose value changes only slightly when its input changes slightly):: funkcja ciągła {f} continuous function {n} (function from one topological space to another):: funkcja ciągła {f} continuously {adv} (without pause):: nieprzerwanie, ciągle contour line {n} (line on a map):: warstwica {f}, poziomica {f} contrabass {n} (double bass) SEE: double bass:: contraception {n} (use of a device or procedure):: antykoncepcja {f} contraceptive {adj} (that acts to prevent conception):: przeciwciążowy, antykoncepcyjny contraceptive {n} (means by which impregnating a woman can be prevented):: środek antykoncepcyjny {m} contract {n} (agreement that is legally binding):: umowa {f}, kontrakt {m} contraction {n} (word with omitted letters replaced by an apostrophe):: kontrakcja {f}, forma ściąnięta contraction {n} (phonetics: loss of sounds from within a word) SEE: syncope:: contract killer {n} (person who kills for money) SEE: hitman:: contractual {adj} (of or pertaining to a contract):: umowny contradict {v} (deny the truth of (a statement or statements)):: zaprzeczać contradict {v} (deny the truth of statements made by (a person)):: zaprzeczać, dementować contradiction {n} (statement that contradicts itself):: sprzeczność contradiction {n} (the logical incompatibility of opposing elements):: sprzeczność {f} contradiction {n} (proposition that is false for all values of its variables):: sprzeczność contradictory {adj} (that contradicts something):: sprzeczny contrail {n} (artificial cloud from jet aircraft):: smuga kondensacyjna contraindication {n} (factor or symptom):: przeciwwskazanie {n} contrariwise {adv} (on the other hand) SEE: on the other hand:: contrariwise {adv} (on the contrary) SEE: on the contrary:: contrary to {prep} (despite) SEE: despite:: contretemps {n} (an unforeseen or embarrassing event):: scysja {f}, spięcie {n} contribute {v} (to give something, that is or becomes part of a larger whole):: dołożyć się {pf}, dokładać się {impf}, wnosić wkład {impf}, wnieść wkład {pf} contribution {n} (something given or offered that adds to a larger whole):: wkład {m} contribution {n} (an amount of money given toward something):: datek {m} contribution {n} (the act of contributing):: kontrybucja {f}, wniesienie wkładu {n} contrived {adj} (unnatural, forced):: wydumany, sztuczny, przekombinowany control {v} (to exercise influence over; to suggest or dictate the behavior of):: kontrolować, sterować, zarządzać, nadzorować control {n} (authority):: kontrola {f} control {n} (in an experiment):: grupa kontrolna {f} control {n} (emotional restraint):: samokontrola {f} control {n} (graphical user interface element):: kontrolka {f} controller {n} (person who controls something):: kontroler {m} controller {n} (mechanism that controls or regulates the operation of a machine):: kontroler {m} controlling {adj} (exerting control):: kontrolowanie control tower {n} (airport control tower):: wieża kontroli lotów {f} controversial {adj} (arousing controversy):: kontrowersyjny controversy {n} (debate, discussion of opposing opinions):: spór {m} contumacious {adj} (contemptuous of authority):: oporny {m}, nieposłuszny {m}, krnąbrny {m} contumacious {adj} (in law, willfully disobedient):: oporny {m}, nieposłuszny {m}, krnąbrny {m} convenience {n} (quality of being suitable, useful or convenient):: wygoda {f} convenience {n} (anything that makes for an easier life):: udogodnienie {n} convenient {adj} (of or pertaining to convenience; simple; easy; expedient):: dogodny conventional {adj} (following an accepted principle):: konwencjonalny {m}, umowny {m} conventionalism {n} (Adherence to social conventions):: konwencjonalizm {m} conventionally {adv} (by convention):: konwencjonalnie converge {v} (to have a limit):: zbiegać convergence {n} (the process of approaching some limiting value):: zbieżność {f} convergent {adj} (mathematics: having a proper limit):: zbieżny conversation {n} (expression and exchange of individual ideas through talking with other people):: rozmowa {f}, konwersacja {f} converse {v} (to engage in conversation):: rozmawiać, gwarzyć {impf}, konwersować {impf} [rare] conversely {adv} (from another point of view) SEE: on the other hand:: convert {n} (person who has converted religion):: konwertyta {m}, przechrzta {m} convertible {n} (car whose roof can be removed or folded):: kabriolet {m} convex {adj} (curved or bowed outward like the outside of a bowl or sphere or circle):: wypukły convey {v} (to move (something) from one place to another):: przenosić convey {v} (to carry):: przewozić {impf}, przewieźć {pf} convey {v} (to communicate):: przekazać, przekazywać convey {v} (to transfer legal rights):: scedować convict {v} (to find guilty):: skazywać {impf}, skazać {pf} convict {n} (person convicted of a crime):: skazaniec {m} conviction {n} (firmly held belief):: przekonanie {n}, przeświadczenie {n} conviction {n} (judgement of guilt):: wyrok {m} convince {v} (to make someone believe, or feel sure about something):: przekonywać, przekonać convinced {adj} (In a state of believing, especially from evidence):: przekonany convoluted {adj} (complex):: zawiły {m} convolution {n} ( (mathematics) A form of moving average):: splot {m} convoy {n} (merchant ships sailing in company under the protection of naval vessels):: konwój {m} convoy {n} (group of vehicles traveling together for safety, especially one with an escort):: konwój {m} coo {v} (to make a soft murmuring sound):: gruchać cook {n} (a person who prepares food):: kucharz {m}, kucharka {f} cook {v} (to prepare (food) for eating):: gotować {impf}, warzyć {impf}, kucharzyć {impf} cookbook {n} (book of cooking recipes):: książka kucharska {f} cooker {n} (appliance or utensil for cooking):: kuchenka {f} cooker hood {n} (kitchen device) SEE: extractor hood:: cookie {n} (bun) SEE: bun:: cookie {n} (small, flat baked good, see also: biscuit):: ciastko {n}, ciasteczko {n},, herbatnik {m} cookie {n} (HTTP cookie) SEE: HTTP cookie:: Cook Islands {prop} (self-governing country in Oceania):: Wyspy Cooka {f-p} cool {adj} (having a slightly low temperature):: chłodny cool {adj} (allowing or suggesting heat relief):: chłodny cool {adj} (not showing emotion, calm):: opanowany, spokojny cool {adj} (unenthusiastic, lukewarm, skeptical):: chłodny cool {adj} (colloquial: of a person, knowing what to do and how to behave in any situation):: kozak {m}, chwat {m} cool {adj} (colloquial: being considered as "popular" by others):: fajny cool {adj} (colloquial: all right, acceptable):: fajny cool {n} (moderate temperature):: chłód {m} cool {v} (to make colder (literally)):: chłodzić / schłodzić cool {v} (cool down) SEE: cool down:: cool down {v} (to become cooler (temperature)):: stygnąć / ostygnąć, studzić się / ostudzić się, chłodzić się / ochłodzić się cooling {n} (refrigeration):: chłodzenie {n} cooling glasses {n} (sunglasses) SEE: sunglasses:: coop {n} (enclosure for birds):: kurnik {m} cooper {n} (craftsman):: bednarz {m} cooperate {v} (to work together):: współpracować {impf} cooperation {n} (act of cooperating or being cooperative):: współpraca {f} coordinate {n} ((mathematics, cartography) A number representing the position of a point along a line, arc, or similar one-dimensional figure․):: współrzędna {f} coordinate {v} (to synchronize):: koordynować {impf}, skoordynować {pf} coordinate term {n} (a term which shares a hypernym with another):: kohiponim {m} coot {n} (bird):: łyska {f} cootchie-cootchie-coo {interj} (said when tickling):: gili-gili cootie {n} (louse) SEE: louse:: cooze {n} (vagina) SEE: vagina:: cooze {n}:: pizda {f} [vulgar] cop {n} (police officer):: gliniarz {m}, glina {m}, pies {m} [offensive], menda {f} [offensive] COPD {n} (disease):: POChP {n} Copenhagen {prop} (capital of Denmark):: Kopenhaga {f} Copenhagener {n} (someone from Copenhagen):: kopenhażanin {m}, kopenhażanka {f} copepod {n} (any of very many small crustaceans, of the subclass Copepoda):: widłonóg {m} Copernican {adj} (pertaining to Nicolaus Copernicus):: Kopernikowy Copernican {adj} (pertaining to his theories):: kopernikański, kopernikowski copernicium {n} (chemical element):: kopernik {m-in} Copernicus {prop} (surname of Nicolaus Copernicus):: Kopernik {m} copilot {n} (relief or assistant pilot of an aircraft):: drugi pilot {m} copper {n} (chemical element Cu):: miedź {f} copper {adj} (made of copper):: miedziany coppern {adj} (made of copper) SEE: copper:: coppersmith {n} (person):: miedziownik coppice {n} (grove of small growth):: zagajnik {m}, lasek {m} copra {n} (dried kernel of coconut):: kopra {f} coprime {adj} ((of two or more positive integers) having no factors in common):: względnie pierwsze {p} coprime {adj} ((of a positive integer) having no factor in common with... ):: względnie pierwsza {f} coprolite {n} (fossilized excrement):: koprolit {m} coprophilia {n} (marked interest in excrement; the use of feces for sexual excitement):: koprofilia cops {n} (law enforcement):: gliny {m-p}, psy {m-p} copse {n} (thicket of small trees or shrubs):: zagajnik {m} Copt {n} (member of the Coptic Church):: Kopt {m} Coptic {adj} (of or pertaining to the Copts, Coptic Orthodox Church or to the Coptic language):: koptyjski Coptic {n} (language):: język koptyjski {m} copula {n} (grammar: linking kind of word):: łącznik {m-in}, spójka {f} copulate {v} (to engage in sexual intercourse):: spółkować, kopulować copulate {v} (to have sexual intercourse with) SEE: bed:: copulate {v} (copulate) SEE: cover:: copulate {v} (to have sexual intercourse with someone, something) SEE: mount:: copulate {v} (to engage in sexual intercourse) SEE: make love:: copulate {v} (take part in a sexual act) SEE: have sex:: copulation {n} (copulation) SEE: sexual intercourse:: copy {n} (result of copying):: kopia {f} copy {n} (printed edition of a book or magazine):: egzemplarz {m} copy {v} (produce something identical):: kopiować, podwajać copy {v} (imitate):: naśladować, udawać copy {v} (radio term):: odbierać copy {n} (writing paper of a particular size) SEE: bastard:: copybook {n} (student's exercise book) SEE: exercise book:: copycat {n} (one who imitates or plagiarizes others' work):: imitator {m}, naśladowca {m} copyright {n} (right to publish):: prawo autorskie {n} coquet {v} (act as a flirt or coquet):: kokietować coral {n} (substance):: koral {m-in}, koralowina {f} coral {n} (colony):: koralowiec {m-an} coral {adj} (made of coral):: koralowy coral {adj} (having the yellowish pink colour of coral):: koralowy coral island {n} (coral island):: wyspa koralowa {f} Coral Sea {prop} (part of the Pacific Ocean):: Morze Koralowe {n} cor anglais {n} (woodwind instrument):: rożek angielski {m} cord {n} (unit of measurement for firewood):: sąg {m} Cordelier {n} (Franciscan) SEE: Franciscan:: cordial {adj} (hearty):: serdeczny cordially {adv} (in a friendly manner):: serdecznie cordierite {n} (a cyclosilicate):: kordieryt cordless {adj} (without a cord):: bezprzewodowy corduroy {n} (heavy fabric with vertical ribs):: sztruks {m} core {n} (central part of fruit, containing the kernels or seeds):: ogryzek {m} core {n} (heart of a thing):: rdzeń {m}, jądro {n} core {n} (one of severals parts in a computer processor):: rdzeń {m} co-religionary {n} (a fellow follower of one's religion) SEE: co-religionist:: co-religionist {n} (a fellow follower of one's religion):: współwyznawca {m}, współwyznawczyni {f} Corfu {prop} (island):: Korfu coriander {n} ( Coriandrum sativum plant):: kolendra {f} Corinth {prop} (city in Greece):: Korynt {m} Corinthia {prop} (region in northeast Peloponnese):: Koryntia {f} Corinthian {adj} (of or relating to Corinth):: koryncki, koryntyjski Corinthian {adj} (of that classical order):: koryncki, koryntyjski Corinthian {n} (an inhabitant or a resident of Corinth):: koryntianin {m}, koryntczyk {m}, koryntyjczyk {m}, koryntianka {f} Corinthians {prop} (book in the Bible):: List do Koryntian cork {n} (bark of the cork oak):: korek {m} cork {n} (bottle stopper):: korek {m} cork {n} (cork oak) SEE: cork oak:: cork oak {n} (a type of evergreen oak tree, Quercus suber):: dąb korkowy {m} corkscrew {n} (implement for opening bottles sealed by a cork):: korkociąg {m} cormorant {n} (seabird):: kormoran {m} corn {n} (maize) SEE: maize:: corn bunting {n} (bird):: potrzeszcz {m} corncob {n} (core of an ear of corn):: kolba kukurydzy {f}, kaczan {m} corncockle {n} (plant of the genus Agrostemma):: kąkol {m} corncrake {n} (the bird Crex crex):: derkacz {m} corn dog {n} (hot dog coated in cornbread batter and deep-fried):: corn dog {m}, parówka w cieście {f} cornea {n} (layer forming the front of the eye):: rogówka {f} Cornelia {prop} (female given name):: Kornelia {f} corner {n} (point where two converging lines meet) SEE: angle:: corner {n} (space in the angle between converging lines or walls):: kąt {m}, kącik {m}, węgieł {m}, róg {m} corner {n} (intersection of two streets):: róg {m} corner {n} (football: corner kick) SEE: corner kick:: corner flag {n} (flag marking the corner of a playing field):: chorągiewka boczna {f} corner kick {n} (in soccer):: rzut rożny {m} cornerstone {n} (ceremonial stone):: kamień węgielny cornet {n} (musical instrument):: kornet {m} cornet {n}:: kornet {m} cornetist {n}:: kornecista {m}, kornecistka {f} cornett {n} (wind instrument):: cynk {m} cornetto {n} (cornett) SEE: cornett:: corn flakes {n} (breakfast cereal):: kornfleksy {m-p}, płatki śniadaniowe {m-p}, płatki z kukurydzy {m-p} cornflower {n} ( Centaurea cyanus):: bławatek {m}, chaber {m} cornflower {adj} (cornflower coloured):: chabrowy cornflower blue {adj}:: chabrowy cornice {n} (horizontal architectural element):: gzyms {m} cornigerous {adj} (horned) SEE: horned:: Cornish {adj} (of Cornwall):: kornwalijski {m} Cornish {prop} (A Celtic language):: kornijski {m} Cornishman {n} (man from Cornwall):: Kornwalijczyk {m} Cornishwoman {n} (woman from Cornwall):: Kornwalijka {f} corn on the cob {n} (cooked ears of corn):: kolba kukurydzy {f} corn poppy {n} ( Papaver rhoeas):: mak polny {m} corn salad {n} (a plant):: roszpunka {f}, roszponka {f} corn snake {n} (a species of rat snake):: wąż zbożowy {m} cornstarch {n} (very fine starch powder):: maizena {f} corn thistle {n} (Cirsium arvense):: ostrożeń polny {m} cornucopia {n} (mythical horn endlessly overflowing with food and drink):: róg obfitości {m} Cornwall {prop} (county of England):: Kornwalia {f} corollary {n} (proposition which follows easily):: następstwo {n} Corona Australis {prop} (a constellation):: Korona Południowa {f} Corona Borealis {prop} (a constellation):: Korona Północna {f} corona discharge {n} (ionization of air surrounding an energized conductor):: ulot {m} coronal mass ejection {n} (coronal mass ejection):: koronalny wyrzut masy coronation {n} (the act or solemnity of crowning):: koronacja {f} coroner {n} (who presides over an inquest):: koroner {m} corporal {n} (military rank):: kapral {m} corporal {n} (ecclesiastical: cloth on which the elements of the Eucharist are placed):: korporał corporal {adj} (bodily) SEE: bodily:: corporal punishment {n} (form of punishment achieved by inflicting blows to the offender's body):: kara cielesna {f} corporate {adj} (of, or relating to a corporation):: firmowy, korporacyjny corporation {n} (public limited company):: spółka akcyjna {f} corporeal {adj} (bodily) SEE: bodily:: corpse {n} (dead body):: zwłoki {f-p}, trup {m}, ciało {n}, truchło {n} [obsolete] corpulent {adj} (large in body; fat):: korpulentny {m} corpus {n} (body) SEE: body:: Corpus Christi {prop} (festival in honour of the Eucharist):: Boże Ciało {n} correct {adj} (free from error):: prawidłowy {m}, właściwy {m}, poprawny {m} correct {v} (To make something wrong become right):: poprawiać {impf}, poprawić {pf} correction fluid {n} (fluid for masking textual errors):: korektor {m} correctly {adv} (in a correct manner):: poprawnie, prawidłowo, właściwie correlation {n} (measure of relationship):: korelacja {f} correspond {v} (to be equivalent or similar):: odpowiadać correspond {v} (to exchange messages):: korespondować corrida {n} (bullfight) SEE: bullfight:: corridor {n} (narrow hall or passage):: korytarz {m} corridor {n} (airspace):: korytarz powietrzny {m} corrigendum {n} (list of errors in a printed work) SEE: errata:: corrigendum {n} (error that is to be corrected in a printed work):: korekta {f}, błąd druku {m} corroborate {v} (To confirm or support with additional evidence):: potwierdzać corrupt {adj} (in a depraved state):: skorumpowany {m} corrupted {adj} (Marked by immorality and perversion; depraved):: zepsuty, zdeprawowany corruption {n} (the act of impairing integrity):: zepsucie {n} corruption {n} (seeking bribes):: korupcja {f} corsair {n} (privateersman or pirate):: korsarz {m} corselet {n} (thorax) SEE: thorax:: corset {n} (woman's garment):: gorset {m} Corsica {prop} (island in the Mediterranean):: Korsyka {f} Corsican {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Corsica):: korsykański Corsican {n} (person from Corsica or of Corsican descent):: Korsykanin {m}, Korsykanka {f} Corsican {prop} (language):: język korsykański {m}, korsykański {m} cortex {n} (tissue of a stem or root):: kora {f} cortisol {n} (the steroid hormone hydrocortisone):: kortyzol {m} corundum {n} (mineral):: korund {m} corvee {n} (unpaid labor required by a feudal lord):: pańszczyzna {f} corvee {n} (labor in lieu of taxes):: pańszczyzna {f} corvette {n} (warship of 17th-18th century):: korweta {f} corvette {n} (modern warship):: korweta {f} Corvus {prop} (constellation of the southern sky):: Kruk {m} coryphaeus {n} (conductor of the dramatic chorus):: koryfeusz {m}, koryfej {m} corypheus {n} (conductor of the dramatic chorus):: koryfeusz {m}, koryfej {m} cos {conj} (because) SEE: because:: coset {n} (result of applying group operation with fixed element from the parent group on each element of a subgroup):: warstwa {f} cosily {adv} (in a cosy manner):: przytulnie cosine {n} (trigonometric function):: cosinus {m}, kosinus Cosmas {prop} (given name):: Kosma {m} cosmetic {adj} (relating to improving beauty particularly complexion):: kosmetyczny cosmetic {adj} (external or superficial):: powierzchowny {m} cosmetic {n} (any substances applied to enhance the external color or texture of the skin):: kosmetyk {m} cosmetics {n} (preparations to change or enhance the beauty):: kosmetyka {f} cosmetics {n} (study of such products):: kosmetyka {f} cosmetologist {n} (person who advises people on cosmetics and other beauty treatments):: kosmetolog {m} cosmic {adj} (of or from or pertaining to the cosmos or universe):: kosmiczny {m} cosmodrome {n} (a site for launching spacecraft):: kosmodrom {m} cosmogony {n} (the study of the origin of the universe):: kosmogonia {f} cosmologist {n} (person who studies cosmology):: kosmolog {m} cosmology {n} (study of the physical universe):: kosmologia {f} cosmonaut {n} (an astronaut, especially a Russian or Soviet one, see also: astronaut):: astronauta {m}, astronautka {f}, kosmonauta {m}, kosmonautka {f} cosmopolitan {n} (cosmopolite) SEE: cosmopolite:: cosmopolitan {adj} (composed of people from all over the world):: kosmopolityczny {m} cosmopolitan {adj} (at ease in any part of the world):: kosmopolityczny {m} cosmopolitan {adj} (growing in many parts of the world; widely distributed):: kosmopolityczny {m} cosmopolitan {adj} (all-inclusive) SEE: all-inclusive:: cosmopolite {n} (cosmopolitan person):: kosmopolita {m} cosmos {n} (the universe):: kosmos {m}, wszechświat {m} Cossack {n} (member of a population):: Kozak {m} Cossack {n} (member of a Cossack military unit):: kozak {m} cost {v} (to incur a charge, a price):: kosztować cost {n} (amount of money spent for a purpose):: koszt {m} cost {n} (negative consequence or loss):: cena {f} costa {n} (rib) SEE: rib:: Costa Rica {prop} (country):: Kostaryka Costa Rican {n} (person from Costa Rica):: Kostarykanin {m}, Kostarykanka {f} Costa Rican {adj} (pertaining to Costa Rica):: kostarykański {m} costly {adj} (expensive):: kosztowny costume {n} (dress of a particular country, period or people):: strój {m}, kostium {m} cosy {adj} (affording comfort and warmth):: przytulny {m}, ciepły, miły cotangent {n} (trigonometric function):: cotangens {m}, kotangens {m} cot death {n} (unexplained death of a baby, usually while sleeping):: śmierć łóżeczkowa {f} coterie {n} (exclusive group) SEE: clique:: cottage cheese {n} (cheese curd product):: twaróg {m}, biały ser {m} Cottbus {prop} (city in Germany):: Chociebuż {m} cotton {n} (any plant yielding fiber like that of Gossypium):: bawełna {f} cotton {n} (fiber):: bawełna {f}, wata {f} cotton {n} (fabric):: bawełna {f} cotton {adj} (made of cotton):: bawełniany cotton candy {n} (cotton candy) SEE: candy floss:: cotton swab {n} (a small wad of cotton wrapped around the end of a small rod):: patyczek do uszu {m}, patyczek higieniczny {m}, wymazówka {f}, wacik {m} cotton wool {n} (absorbent cotton):: wata {f} cotyledon {n} (leaf of the embryo of a seed-bearing plant):: liścień {m} couch {n} (furniture for seating of more than one person):: kanapa {f}, sofa {f}, wersalka {f} couch {v} (phrase in a particular style):: ubierać w słowa, redagować, zredagować couch {n} (couch grass) SEE: couch grass:: couch grass {n} (species of grass):: perz {m} couch potato {n} (person):: kanapowy leń {m-pr} cougar {n} ( Puma concolor):: kuguar {m}, puma {f} cough {v} (push air from the lungs):: kaszleć cough {v} (make a noise like a cough):: kaszleć {impf} cough {n} (expulsion of air from the lungs):: kaszel {m} could I see the menu, please {phrase} (said to ask for a menu):: czy mogę zobaczyć menu? couloir {n} (steep gorge along a mountainside):: żleb {m} coulomb {n} (unit of electrical charge):: kulomb {m} coumarin {n} (aromatic compound):: kumaryna {f} council {n} (committee that leads or governs):: rada count {v} (to enumerate or determine number):: liczyć {impf} count {v} (to be of significance; to matter):: liczyć się count {n} (the act of counting):: liczenie count {n} (a countdown):: odliczanie {n} count {n} (ruler of a county (male)):: hrabia {m} countable {adj} (math: having a bijection with a subset of the natural numbers):: przeliczalny countable {adj} (grammar: freely used with numbers and the definite article):: policzalny countable set {n} (set that is countable):: zbiór przeliczalny {m} count down {v} (announce the passage of time):: odliczać {impf}, odliczyć {pf} count down {v} (await a precisely timed expected event):: odliczać countdown {n} (a count backward to the time of some event):: odliczanie {n} countdown {v} (count down) SEE: count down:: Count Dracula {prop} (fictional vampire):: Hrabia Dracula {m} countenance {n} (face):: oblicze {n}, wyraz twarzy {m}, mina {f} counter {n} (table or board on which business is transacted):: lada {f} counter {n} (kitchen surface for food preparation):: blat {m} counter-attack {n} (an attack made in response to an attack by the opponents):: kontratak {m} counterclockwise {adj} (anticlockwise) SEE: anticlockwise:: countercurrent {n} (Current that flows against the prevailing one):: przeciwprąd {m} counterespionage {n} (activities to prevent spying):: kontrwywiad {m} counterexample {n} (instance of the falsity):: kontrprzykład {m} counterfeit {adj} (intended to deceive or carry appearance of being genuine):: sfałszowany, podrobiony counterfeit {n} (fake):: falsyfikat {m-in}, podróbka {f} counterfeit {v} (To produce something that appears to be official or valid):: fałszować, podrabiać counterfeit {n} (counterfeiter) SEE: counterfeiter:: counterfeiter {n} (a person who counterfeits):: fałszerz {m}, fałszerka {f} counterintelligence {n} (counterintelligence) SEE: counterespionage:: counterpart {n} (something that resembles something else):: odpowiednik {m} counterproductive {adj} (more of a hindrance than a help):: kontrproduktywny, przeciwskuteczny counterrevolution {n} (revolution to reverse effects of previous revolution):: kontrrewolucja {f} countersign {v} (add a second signature):: kontrasygnować countersignature {n} (a signature made to confirm or endorse another):: kontrasygnata {f} countertenor {n} (adult male singer):: kontratenor {m} countertenor {n} (singing voice):: kontratenor {m} counter-terrorism {n} (measures intended to combat or reduce terrorist activities) SEE: antiterrorism:: counterterrorist {adj} (intended to combat terrorism):: antyterrorystyczny counterweight {n} (heavy mass reducing the amount of work which must be done to effect the raising and lowering of something):: przeciwwaga {f} countess {n} (wife of a count or earl):: hrabina {f} countless {adj} (too many to count, innumerable):: niezliczony count on {v} (rely upon, trust, or expect):: liczyć na {impf} country {n} (region of land):: kraj {m-in}, ziemia {f} country {n} (nation state):: kraj {m-in}, państwo {n} country {n} (the country, rural area, as opposed to the town or city):: wieś {f}, prowincja {f} country {n} (country music):: country {n} country {adj} (of, from or pertaining to the countryside (adjective)):: wiejski country bumpkin {n} (unsophisticated person from a rural area):: wieśniak {m} countryman {n} (somebody from one's own country):: krajan {m}, krajanka {f} country of origin {n} (country of origin):: kraj pochodzenia {m} countrywide {adv} (Throughout a country):: krajowy county {n} (land ruled by a count or countess):: hrabstwo {n} county {n} (administrative region of various countries):: powiat {m} coup {n} (coup d'état) SEE: coup d'état:: coup de grâce {n} (final blow):: dobicie {n} coup d'état {n} (sudden overthrow of a government):: zamach stanu {m}, przewrót {m}, pucz {m} couple {n} (two partners):: para couple {n} (two of the same kind considered together):: dwa {m} {n}, dwie {f}, dwójka couple {n} (a small number of):: parę, paru coupling {n} (sexual intercourse) SEE: sexual intercourse:: coupling {n} (act of joining together to form a couple):: sprzęganie {n} coupling {n} (device that couples two things together):: sprzęg {m} coupling {n} ((physics) property of physical systems that they are interacting with each other):: sprzężenie {n} coupon {n} (certificate of interest due):: kupon {m} coupon {n} (interest payment made or due on a bond):: kupon {m} coupon {n} (section of a ticket giving the holder some entitlement):: kupon {m}, odcinek {m} courage {n} (quality of a confident character):: odwaga {f}, męstwo {n}, śmiałość {f} courageous {adj} (brave) SEE: brave:: courgette {n} (a small marrow/squash):: cukinia {f}, kabaczek {m} Courland {prop} (region in western Latvia):: Kurlandia {f} course {n} (learning program):: kurs {m} course {n} (stage of a meal):: danie {n} course {n} (sports: trajectory of a ball etc. ):: trajektoria {m} course {n} (nautical: direction of movement of a vessel):: kurs {m} course {n} (intended passage of voyage):: kurs {m} course {n} (path taken by a flow of water) SEE: watercourse:: court {n} (enclosed space; a courtyard):: dziedziniec {m}, podwórze {n} court {n} (residence of a sovereign, prince, nobleman, or ether dignitary):: dwór {m} court {n} (collective body of persons composing the retinue of a sovereign or person high in authority):: dwór {m} court {n} (formal assembling of the retinue of a sovereign):: dwór {m} court {n} (hall, chamber, or place, where justice is administered):: trybunał {m}, sąd {m} court {n} (tribunal established for the administration of justice):: sąd {m}, trybunał {m} court {n} (judge or judges):: sąd {m} court {n} (session of a judicial assembly):: sąd {m} court {n} (jurisdiction):: jurysdykcja {f} court {n} (place for playing the game of tennis and some other ball games):: kort {m} courteous {adj} (showing regard for others):: uprzejmy, grzeczny courteously {adv} (in a courteous manner):: uprzejmie, grzecznie courtesan {n} (mistress):: kurtyzana {f} courtesan {n} (high-status prostitute):: kurtyzana {f} courtesy {n} (polite behavior):: kurtuazja {f} courtier {n} (attendant at a royal court):: dworzanin {m}, dworka {f}, dwórka {f} courtier {n} (a person who flatters in order to seek favour):: pochlebca {m}, przydupas {m} court jester {n} (person who amused a medieval court):: błazen {m} court-martial {n} (military court):: sąd wojskowy {m} court of last resort {n} (final court of appeal) SEE: supreme court:: court of law {n} (court presided over by a judge):: sąd {m}, trybunał {m} courtship {n} (act of wooing in love):: zaloty {p} courtyard {n} (unroofed walled area):: dziedziniec {m}, podwórze {n} cousin {n} (nephew or niece of a parent):: kuzyn {m-pr}, kuzynka {f} cousinhood {n} (state of being cousins) SEE: cousinship:: cousinship {n} (state of being cousins):: kuzynostwo {m} {n} covariance {n} (statistical measure):: kowariancja {f} covenant {n} (binding agreement):: ugoda {f}, umowa {f} covenant {v} (to enter into a covenant):: umówić się covenant {v} (to enter a formal agreement):: zawrzeć umowę coventrate {v} (devastate by heavy bombing):: kowentrykacja {f} Coventry {prop} (an industrial city in central England):: Coventry {n} [indeclinable] cover {n} (lid):: przykrycie {n}, wieko {n} cover {n} (hiding):: przykrycie {n}, przykrywka {f}, ukrycie {n} cover {n} (front and back of a book or a magazine):: okładka {f} cover {n} (top sheet):: kapa {f}, narzuta {f}, pościel {f} cover {n} (cover charge):: napiwek wliczony {m} cover {n} (setting at a restaurant table):: nakrycie {n} cover {adj} (about cover of a book or magazine):: okładkowy cover {v} (to conceal or protect):: zakrywać {impf}, zakryć {pf}, przykrywać {impf}, przykryć {pf}, okrywać {impf}, okryć {pf}, skrywać, zasłaniać {impf}, zasłonić {pf}, osłaniać, osłonić {pf} cover {v} (provide enough money for):: pokrywać cover {v} (protect by shooting):: osłaniać, kryć cover {v} (copulate (of animals)):: kryć cover {n} (music: rerecording of a previously recorded song) SEE: cover version:: cover song {n} (cover version) SEE: cover version:: covert {n} (disguise) SEE: disguise:: covertly {adv} (secretly) SEE: secretly:: cover version {n} (rerecording of a song):: cover {m} covet {v} (to wish for with eagerness):: pożądać cow {n} (female domesticated ox or other bovine):: krowa {f} cow {n} (derogatory: despicable woman):: krowa {f} cowabunga {interj} (expression of joy) SEE: yes:: cowabunga {interj} (expression of amazement or enthusiasm) SEE: wow:: coward {n} (a person who lacks courage):: tchórz {m}, strachajło {n} cowardice {n} (the lack of courage):: tchórzostwo {n}, tchórzliwość {f}, bojaźliwość {f} cowardly {adj} (showing cowardice):: tchórzliwy {m} cowbane {n} (plant of the genus Cicuta):: szalej {m} cowbell {n} (musical instrument):: krowi dzwonek {m} cowberry {n} (shrub and berry Vaccinium vitis-idaea) SEE: lingonberry:: cowlick {n} (unruly lock of hair):: kosmyk {m} cow parsley {n} (a weedy biennial umbellifer):: trybula leśna cowper {n} (cooper) SEE: cooper:: Cowper's fluid {n} (pre-ejaculate) SEE: pre-ejaculate:: cowpox {n} (a skin disease):: krowianka {f} cowrie {n} (any member of the genus Cypraea):: kauri cowshed {n} (place for cows):: obora {f} cow-wheat {n} (plant of genus Melampyrum):: pszeniec {m} coyote {n} (canine):: kojot {m} coypu {n} ( Myocastor coypus):: nutria {f} CPU {n} (Central processing unit):: procesor {m} crab {n} (crustacean):: krab {m} crab {n} (bad-tempered person):: opryskliwy crab-eating fox {n} ( Cerdocyon thous):: majkong {m}, lis krabojad {m} crab louse {n} (insect):: wesz łonowa {f}, mendoweszka {f}, menda {f} [archaic] crab plover {n} ( Dromas ardeola):: krabożer {m}, krabojad {m} crabs {n} (slang: pubic lice):: wesz łonowa {f} crack {n} (thin space opened in a previously solid material):: pęknięcie {n} crack {n} (sharp sound made when solid material breaks):: trzask {m} crack {n} (any sharp sound):: trzask {m} crack {n} (vulgar: vagina (only terms derived from "crack" and its equivalents)):: szparka {f} crack {n} (attempt at something) SEE: try:: cracker {n} (crispy baked bread, usually salty or savoury):: krakers {m} cracker {n} (computing: one who cracks):: haker {m} cracker {n} (derogatory: white person):: białas {m} crack of dawn {n} (sunrise) SEE: sunrise:: crack of dawn {n} (crack of dawn) SEE: daybreak:: crack up {v} (to laugh):: pękać ze śmiechu Cracow {prop} (city):: Kraków cradle {n} (oscillating bed for a baby):: kołyska {f}, kolebka {f} cradle {n} (figuratively: place of origin):: kolebka {f} cradle {n} (rest for the receiver of a telephone):: widełki {p} cradle song {n} (lullaby) SEE: lullaby:: craft {n} (skilled practice of practical occupation):: rzemiosło {n} craft {n} (device; means; art) SEE: device:: craft {n} (strength; power; might; force) SEE: strength:: craftsman {n} (male artisan):: rzemieślnik {m} crafty {adj} (cunning, wily):: chytry, przebiegły, podstępny crag {n} (a rocky outcrop):: skała {f} craggy {adj} (characterized by rugged etc. features):: skalisty cram {v} (study hard) SEE: swot:: crampon {n} (attachment to a shoe used for climbing or walking on ice):: rak {m} cram school {n} (specialised school):: kursy {m-p} cranberry {n} (shrub):: żurawina {f} cranberry {n} (berry):: żurawina {f} cranberry juice {n} (the unfermented juice of squeezed cranberries):: sok żurawinowy {m} crane {n} (bird):: żuraw {m} crane {n} (machinery):: dźwig {m}, żuraw {m} cranefly {n} (fly of the suborder Tipulomorpha):: koziółka {f}, komarnica {f}, pytloch {m} cranial {adj} (of or relating to the cranium, or to the skull):: czaszkowy cranial orbit {n} (eye socket) SEE: eye socket:: craniotomy {n} (surgical procedure):: kraniotomia {f} cranium {n} (skull) SEE: skull:: crap {n} (something of poor quality):: dziadostwo {n}, szajs {m-in}, badziewie {n} crap {n} (nonsense):: pierdoły {p} crap {n} (feces):: łajno {n}, gówno {n} crap {interj} (expression of worry, disgust):: kurde crape {n} (crepe) SEE: crepe:: crash {n} (loud sound):: grzmot {m} crash {n} (vehicle accident):: kraksa {f}, wypadek {m} crash {n} (computer malfunction):: awaria {f} crash {n} (sudden large decline of business):: krach {m} crater {n} (astronomy: hemispherical pit):: krater {m} crater {n} (geology: opening of a volcano):: krater {m} Crater {prop} (a constellation):: Puchar {m} craton {n} (stable part of Earth's crust):: kraton {m} crawdad {n} (crayfish) SEE: crayfish:: crawfish {n} (crayfish) SEE: crayfish:: crawl {v} (to move along the ground):: pełzać [abstract] {impf}, pełznąć [concrete] {impf} crawldad {n} (crayfish) SEE: crayfish:: crawler {n} (sycophant) SEE: sycophant:: crawlfish {n} (crayfish) SEE: crayfish:: crayfish {n} (freshwater crustacean resembling lobster):: rak {m} craze {v} (to crack, as the glazing of porcelain or pottery):: popękać crazed {adj} (Covered with cracks):: spękany crazy {adj} (insane, demented):: szalony crazy {n} (an insane or eccentric person):: świr {m}, dziwak {m}, wariat {m} crèche {n} (nativity scene) SEE: nativity scene:: creak {v} (to make a prolonged sharp grating or squeaking sound):: trzeszczeć cream {n} (oily part of milk):: śmietana {f} cream {n} (colour):: kremowy cream {n} (the best part):: śmietanka {f} cream {n} (product to apply to the skin):: krem {m-in} cream {adj} (colour):: kremowy cream {v} (to obliterate, to win over someone else quite decisively):: zmiażdżyć {pf} cream-colored courser {n} ( Cursorius cursor):: raczak zwyczajny {m} cream puff {n} (hollow pastry filled with cream or custard):: ptyś {m} crease {v} (to make a crease in):: miąć create {v} (to put into existence):: tworzyć creation {n} (something created such as an invention or artwork):: wytwór {m} creation {n} (act of creation):: tworzenie {n} creationism {n} (any creationary theory or belief system):: kreacjonizm {m} creationist {n} (a proponent or supporter of creationism):: kreacjonista {m}, kreacjonistka {f} creative {adj} (having the ability to create):: twórczy {m} creative {adj} (original, expressive, and imaginative):: twórczy {m}, kreatywny {m} creative work {n} (manifestation of creative effort):: utwór {m}, dzieło {n} creativity {n} (quality or ability to create or invent something):: kreatywność {f}, twórczość {f} creator {n} (one who creates):: twórca {m} Creator {prop} (God):: Stwórca creature {n} (living being):: istota {f}, stworzenie {n}, stwór {m} credibility {n} (law: whether or not a witness is being truthful):: wiarygodność {f} credit card {n} (card connected to a credit account used to buy goods or services):: karta kredytowa {f} creditor {n} (a person to whom a debt is owed):: wierzyciel {m} creditworthiness {n} (property of being creditworthy):: wiarygodność kredytowa {m} credulity {n} (gullibility) SEE: gullibility:: credulous {adj} (excessively ready to believe things):: łatwowierny Cree {prop} (an aboriginal nation of North America):: Kri creep {v} (to move slowly with the abdomen close to the ground) SEE: crawl:: creeper {n} (treecreeper) SEE: treecreeper:: creeping thistle {n} (corn thistle) SEE: corn thistle:: cremate {v} (incinerate a body):: kremować {impf}, skremować {pf} cremation {n} (burning):: kremacja crematorium {n} (place where dead bodies are cremated):: krematorium {n} crematory {n} (crematorium) SEE: crematorium:: crenel {n} (space between merlons):: miedza {f} Creole {n} (descendant of white settlers born in colonized country):: Kreol {m}, Kreolka {f} creolistics {n} (study of creoles):: kreolistyka {f} crepe {n} (very thin pancake):: naleśnik {m} crescendo {n} (music: instruction to play gradually more loudly):: crescendo {n} crescent {n} (figure of the moon):: półksiężyc {m} crescent {n} (curved pastry):: rogal {m} crescent spanner {n} (adjustable spanner) SEE: adjustable spanner:: cress {n} (a plant):: rzeżucha {f} cresset {n} (iron cage to hold fire):: kaganiec {m}, kaganek {m} crest {n} (heraldic bearing):: klejnot {m} crested lark {n} (small lark):: dzierlatka {f} crested tit {n} (bird of the tit family):: czubatka europejska {f}, czubatka {f}, sikora czubata {f}, sikora czubatka {f} Cretaceous {prop} (geologic period within the Mesozoic):: kreda {f} Cretan {adj} (relating to Crete):: kreteński Cretan {n} (inhabitant):: Kreteńczyk {m} Crete {prop} (island):: Kreta {f} cretin {n} (person who fails to develop due to congenital hypothyroidism):: kretyn {m} cretin {n} (pejorative: an idiot):: kretyn {m} cretinism {n} (disease of severely stunted physical and mental growth):: kretynizm {m} Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease {n} (Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease):: choroba Creutzfeldta-Jakoba {f} crevice {n} (narrow crack):: szpara {f}, rysa {f}, szczelina {f} crew {n} (group of people operating a large facility or piece of equipment):: załoga {f}, ekwipaż {m}, ekipa {f} crib {n} (a baby’s bed with high sides):: kojec {m} crib {n} (a feeding trough for animals):: żłób {m} crib {n} (notes concealed by a student to aid him/her in test or examination):: ściąga {f} crib {n} (a collection of quotes or references for use in speaking):: ściąga {f}, ściągawka {f} crib {n} (nativity scene) SEE: nativity scene:: crib death {n} (the unexplained death of a baby usually while sleeping):: śmierć łóżeczkowa {f} crib note {n} (concealed reminder) SEE: cheat sheet:: crib sheet {n} (cheat sheet) SEE: cheat sheet:: cricket {n} (insect):: świerszcz {m} cricket {n} (game):: krykiet {m} cricothyrotomy {n} (incision made through the skin and cricothyroid membrane):: krikotyreotomia {f}, konikotomia {f} crime {n} (specific act committed in violation of the law):: przestępstwo {n}, zbrodnia {f} Crimea {prop} (peninsula, see also: Crimean peninsula):: Krym {m} crime against humanity {n} (a large-scale persecution of, or atrocity against a body of people):: zbrodnia przeciwko ludzkości {f} Crimean {prop} (Crimea) SEE: Crimea:: Crimean {adj} (referring to the Crimea region):: krymski Crimean {prop} (Crimean peninsula) SEE: Crimean peninsula:: Crimean peninsula {prop} (peninsula, see also: Crimea):: Półwysep Krymski {m} Crimean Tatar {n} (Crimean Tatar (a Turkic language)):: krymskotatarski Crimean War {prop} (war):: wojna krymska {f} crime doesn't pay {proverb} (if you a commit a crime you will most likely be punished for it):: winie depcze po piętach kara crime scene {n} (location of a crime):: miejsce zbrodni {n} criminal {adj} (being against the law):: przestępczy, kryminalny criminal {adj}:: kryminalny, przestępczy criminal {n} (person guilty of a crime, breaking the law):: kryminalista {m}, przestępca {m} criminal law {n} (area of law):: prawo karne {n} criminal offence {n} (crime) SEE: crime:: criminology {n} (the study of crime and criminals, especially their behaviour):: kryminologia {f} crimson {n} (deep, slightly bluish red):: karmazyn {m-in} crimson {adj} (having a deep red colour):: karmazynowy crimson tide {n} (menstruation) SEE: menstruation:: cripple {adj} (crippled):: kaleki {m} cripple {n} (person who has severe impairment in physical abilities):: kaleka {f} cripple {v} (to give someone a physical disability):: okaleczyć crisis {n} (unstable situation in political, social, economic or military affairs):: kryzys {m} crisp {n} (thin slice of potato) SEE: potato crisp:: criterion {n} (standard for comparison and judgment):: kryterium {n} critic {n} (person who appraises the works of others):: krytyk {m}, krytyczka {f} critic {n} (specialist in judging works of art):: krytyk {m}, krytyczka {f} critic {n} (one who criticizes; a person who finds fault):: krytyk {m}, krytyczka {f} criticism {n} (act of criticising):: krytyka {f} criticize {v} (to find fault):: krytykować criticize {v} (to evaluate):: oceniać critique {n} (essay in which another piece of work is criticised, reviewed):: krytyka {f}, recenzja {f} critter {n} (a creature):: futrzak {m} croak {n} (the harsh cry of various birds, particularly the raven or crow) SEE: caw:: croak {v} (of a raven, to make its cry) SEE: caw:: croak {n} (the cry of a frog or toad):: rechot {m} croak {v} (of a frog, to make its cry):: rechotać {impf}, kumkać {impf} croak {v} (slang: to kill):: zabić Croat {n} (language) SEE: Croatian:: Croat {n} (citizen of Croatia or person of Croatian ethnicity):: Chorwat {m}, Chorwatka {f} Croatia {prop} (country in Europe):: Chorwacja Croatian {adj} (of or pertaining to Croatia):: chorwacki Croatian {n} (person of Croatia):: Chorwat {m}, Chorwatka {f} Croatian {n} (the standardized variety of Serbo-Croatian):: chorwacki {m} Croatian Sheepdog {n} (Croatian Sheepdog):: owczarek chorwacki {m} Croatian studies {n} (academic discipline):: kroatystyka {f} crochet {n} (needlework):: robota szydełkowa {f} crochet {v} (to make needlework using a hooked needle):: szydełkować crochetwork {n} (crochet) SEE: crochet:: crockery {n} (plates, dishes and other eating and serving tableware):: sztućce crocket {n} ((architecture) any of a series of hook-shaped decorative floral elements used in Gothic architecture):: żabka {f} crocodile {n} (reptile):: krokodyl {m} crocodile clip {n} (alligator clip) SEE: alligator clip:: crocodile tear {n} (display of tears that is forced or false):: krokodyle łzy {f-p} crocus {n} (plant of genus Crocus):: szafran {m}, krokus {m} croft {n} (cave or cavern) SEE: cave:: croft {n} (underground chamber) SEE: crypt:: croissant {n} (a flaky roll or pastry in a form of a crescent):: croissant {m} cromlech {n} (Welsh dolmen or underground tomb):: kromlech {m} Cronus {prop} (youngest of the twelve Titans):: Kronos {m} cronyism {n} (favoritism to friends without regard for their qualifications):: kumoterstwo {n} crooked {adj} (set at an angle):: krzywy {m} crop {n} (plant grown for food):: roślina uprawna {f} crop {n} (natural production for a specific year):: plon {m}, urodzaj {m} crop {n} (group, cluster or collection of things):: wysyp {m} crop {n} (part of bird's or animal’s alimentary tract):: wole {n} croquet {n} (croquette) SEE: croquette:: croquette {n} (food):: krokiet {m} crosier {n} (staff of a bishop or abbot):: pastorał {m} cross {n} (geometrical figure):: krzyż {m} cross {n} (in heraldry):: krzyż {m} cross {n} (wooden post with a perpendicular beam, used for crucifixion):: krzyż {m} cross {n} ( definite: the cross on which Christ was crucified):: krzyż {m} cross {n} (gesture made by Christians):: krzyż {m}, krzyżyk {m} cross {n} (biology: animal or plant produced by crossbreeding or cross-fertilization):: krzyżówka {f} cross {prep} (across) SEE: across:: crossbar {n} (top of the goal structure):: poprzeczka {f} crossbar {n} (top tube of a bicycle frame):: rama {f} crossbow {n} (mechanised weapon based on the bow):: kusza {f}, samostrzał {m} crossbowman {n} (someone equipped with a crossbow):: kusznik {m} crossbreed {n} (organism produced by mating of individuals of different varieties or breeds) SEE: hybrid:: cross-cultural {adj} (between two or more cultures) SEE: intercultural:: cross-dressing {v} (wearing clothes of the opposite gender):: crossdressing {m} crosseyed {adj} (having both eyes oriented inward, especially involuntarily):: zezowaty cross-eyed {adj} (having both eyes oriented inward):: zezowaty crossfire {n} (lines of fire):: ogień krzyżowy {m} crossguard {n} (Bar of metal, at right-angles, between the blade and the hilt of a sword. ):: jelec {m} crossing {n} (intersection where roads, lines, or tracks cross):: skrzyżowanie {n} cross-legged {adj} (having one leg over and across the other):: z założoną nogą na nogę cross-legged {adj} (having one ankle over and across the other):: ze skrzyżowanymi nogami cross one's fingers {v} (do this or a similar gesture to wish for good luck):: trzymać kciuki cross out {v} (to strike out):: skreślać {impf}, skreślić {pf} cross product {n} (vector product) SEE: vector product:: cross-reference {n} (a reference to another location in the same source):: odsyłacz, odnośnik, odpowiednik cross-reference {v} (provide with cross-reference):: odniesienie, odsyłacz, odnośnik, odpowiednik crossroad {n} (crossroads) SEE: crossroads:: crossroads {n} (intersection):: skrzyżowanie {n} cross swords {v} (to fight with someone) SEE: duel:: cross the Rubicon {v} (to make an irreversible decision):: przekroczyć Rubikon cross-tie {n} (sleeper) SEE: railroad tie:: crossword {n} (word puzzle):: krzyżówka {f} crossword puzzle {n} (crossword) SEE: crossword:: crotch {n} (area where something forks):: rozwidlenie {n}, rozstaj {m} crotch {n} (area of a person’s body):: krocze {n} crotchet {n} (musical note):: ćwierćnuta {f} crotchet rest {n} (quarter rest) SEE: quarter rest:: crotonic acid {n} (an unsaturated organic acid):: kwas krotonowy croup {v} (to croak) SEE: croak:: croup {n} (an infectious illness of the larynx):: krup {m} croupier {n} (person who collects bets and pays out winnings at a gambling table):: krupier {m}, krupierka {f} crouton {n} (small piece of bread):: grzanka {f} crow {n} (any bird of the genus Corvus):: wrona {f} crow {n} (bar of iron):: łom {m-in} crow {n} (cry of the rooster):: pianie {n} crow {v} (to make the sound of a rooster):: piać crow {v} (to utter a sound of joy):: piać z zachwytu {impf} crowbar {n} (iron or steel bar used as a lever to manually force things apart):: łom {m} crowberry {n} (the genus Empetrum):: bażyna {f} crowd {n} (group of people):: tłum {m} crowfoot {n} (buttercup) SEE: buttercup:: crown {n} (royal headdress):: korona {f} crown {n} (representation of such a headdress):: korona {f} crown {n} (wreath or band for the head):: wianek {m}, wianuszek {m} crown {n} (topmost part of the head):: ciemię {n} crown {n} (highest part of a hill):: szczyt crown {n} (part of a plant where the root and stem meet):: korona {f} crown {n} (top of a tree):: korona {f} crown {n} (anatomy: part of tooth):: korona {f} crown {n} (dentistry: prosthetic covering for a tooth):: korona {f} crown {v} (to place a crown on the head of):: koronować {impf} crown {n} (religion: round spot shaved clean on the top of the head) SEE: tonsure:: crown cap {n} (type of bottle cap):: kapsel {m} crown cork {n} (crown cap) SEE: crown cap:: crowning {n} (act of crowning) SEE: coronation:: crownment {n} (act of crowning) SEE: coronation:: crow's feet {n} (wrinkles at the outer corners of the eye):: kurze łapki {f-p} crêpe {n} (crepe) SEE: crepe:: crucial {adj} (extremely important):: krytyczny crucial {adj} (cross-shaped):: krzyżowy crucian {n} (species of freshwater game fish) SEE: crucian carp:: crucian carp {n} ( Carassius carassius):: karaś pospolity {m}, karaś {m} crucible {n} (cup-shaped piece of laboratory equipment):: tygiel {m} crucible {n} (heat-resistant container in which metals are melted):: tygiel {m} crucible {n} (difficult and trying experience):: ciężka próba {f} crucifix {n} (object):: krucyfiks {m} crucifixion {n} (death of Christ on cross):: ukrzyżowanie {n} crucify {v} (to execute a person by nailing to a crucifix):: ukrzyżować {pf} crude {adj} (being in a natural state):: surowy, nieoczyszczony crude {adj} (characterized by simplicity):: prymitywny cruel {adj} (that intentionally causes pain and suffering):: okrutny cruelly {adv} (in a cruel manner):: okrutnie cruelty {n} (indifference to suffering):: okrucieństwo {n} cruet {n} (A small bottle or container used to hold a condiment):: flaszka {f} cruet {n} (A small vessel used to hold wine or water for the Eucharist):: ampułka {f} cruft {n} (anything old or of inferior quality):: rupiecie {m-p}, barachło {n}, szajs {m} cruise {n} (sea voyage):: rejs {m} cruise control {n} (system):: tempomat {m} cruiser {n} (naval vessel detached from the fleet):: krążownik {m} cruiser {n} (class of warships):: krążownik {m} cruiser {n} (passenger ship designed for cruising):: wycieczkowiec {m} cruise ship {n} (passenger ship):: wycieczkowiec {m}, statek wycieczkowy {m} crumb {n} (small piece of biscuit, cake, etc):: okruch crumb {n} (soft internal portion of bread):: miękisz {m} crumple {v} (to rumple):: miąć {impf} crunch {n} (a noisy crackling sound):: chrzęst, chrupnięcie {n}, chrupanie {n} crunchy {adj} (likely to crunch):: chrupki {m}, kruchy {m} crupper {n} (strap stopping saddle from slipping):: podogonie {n} crusade {n} (military expedition):: krucjata {f}, wyprawa krzyżowa {f} crusade {n} (grand concerted effort):: krucjata {f} Crusade {n} (campaigns by Christian forces to the Holy Land):: krucjata {f} crusader {n} (fighter in the medieval crusades):: krzyżowiec {m} crush {n} (love or infatuation or its object (often short-lived or unrequited)):: sympatia, zauroczenie crush {v} (to press or bruise between two hard bodies):: miażdżyć {impf}, zmiażdżyć {pf}, kruszyć {impf}, skruszyć {pf}, rozgniatać {impf}, rozgnieść {pf} crust {n} (outer layer of bread):: skórka {f} crust {n} (bread foundation of pizza):: skórka {f} crust {n} (outermost layer of a planet):: skorupa {f} crustacean {n} (arthropod of the subphylum Crustacea):: skorupiak {m} crutch {n} (crotch) SEE: crotch:: crutch {n} (device to assist in motion as a cane):: kula {f} crux {n} ((heraldry) cross on a coat of arms) SEE: cross:: crux {n} (central or essential point):: sedno {n} crux {n} (puzzle or difficulty):: zagadka {f} Crux {prop} (constellation):: Krzyż Południa {m} cry {v} (intransitive: to weep):: płakać {impf} cry {v} (intransitive: to shout, scream, yell):: krzyczeć cry {n} (shedding of tears):: płacz {m} cry {n} (shout or scream):: okrzyk {m}, krzyk {m} cry {n} (words shouted or screamed):: krzyk {m}, okrzyk {m} crybaby {n} (baby who cries excessively):: beksa {f} crybaby {n} (person whose feelings are easily hurt):: mamisynek {m} cry one's eyes out {v} (to moan) SEE: moan:: cryotron {n} (switch that employs superconductivity):: kriotron cry over spilt milk {v} (to worry about unfortunate events which have already happened):: płakać nad rozlanym mlekiem cryovolcano {n} (cryovolcano):: kriowulkan {m} crypt {n} (undergound vault):: krypta {f} cryptanalyst {n} (an expert in analyzing and breaking codes):: kryptoanalityk cryptic {adj} (mystified or of an obscure nature):: niejasny {m} crypto- {prefix}:: krypto- cryptocurrency {n} (type of digital currency):: kryptowaluta {f} cryptodepression {n} (portion of a lake which lies below sea level):: kryptodepresja {f} cryptography {n} (discipline concerned with communication security):: kryptografia {f} cryptologist {n} (One who studies cryptology):: kryptolog {m} cryptology {n} (practice):: kryptologia {f} cryptorchidism {n} (The failure of one or both testes to descend into the scrotum):: wnętrostwo {n} cryptovirus {n} (malware):: kryptowirus {m}, wirus-szyfrator {m} crystal {n} (array of atoms):: kryształ {m} crystal {n} (mineral):: kryształ {m} crystal {n} (glassware):: kryształ {m} crystal ball {n} (globe used to foretell the future):: szklana kula {f} crystalize {v} (crystallize) SEE: crystallize:: crystalline {adj} (relating to crystals):: krystaliczny crystalline {adj} (resembling crystal in being clear and transparent):: krystaliczny {m} crystallize {v} (to make something form into crystals):: krystalizować {impf} csardas {n} (Hungarian folk dance):: czardasz {m} C-section {n} (Caesarean section) SEE: Caesarean section:: Côte d'Ivoire {prop} (the Ivory Coast):: Wybrzeże Kości Słoniowej {n} ctenophore {n} (any of various marine animals of the phylum Ctenophora):: żebropław {m} cub {n} (young fox):: lisię {n} [rare], szczenię {n} cub {n} (the young of certain animals):: młode {p} Cuba {prop} (country and largest island in Caribbean):: Kuba {f} Cuban {n} (a person from Cuba):: Kubańczyk {m}, Kubanka {f} Cuban {adj} (of or pertaining to Cuba):: kubański {m} cubbyhole {n} (a small, snug room):: izdebka {f}, klitka {f} cube {n} (geometry: polyhedron having of six identical square faces):: sześcian {m-in} cube {n} (object more or less in the form of a cube):: kostka {f} cube {n} (arithmetic: number raised to the third power):: do sześcianu cube {v} (arithmetic: to raise to the third power):: podnosić do sześcianu cube root {n} (number):: pierwiastek sześcienny {m} cubic {adj} (in the name of units of volume):: sześcienny {m} cubic {adj} (of a polynomial of third degree):: trzeciego stopnia cubic {adj} (Having three equal axes and all angles 90°):: regularny {m}, kubiczny {m} cubic meter {n} (cubic metre) SEE: cubic metre:: cubic metre {n} (unit of volume):: metr sześcienny {m} cubism {n} (An artistic movement characterized by the depiction of natural forms as geometric structures of planes):: kubizm cuboid {adj} (of the shape of a cube):: prostopadłościan cuboid {n} (rectangular parallelepiped):: prostopadłościan {m} cuckold {n} (man married to an unfaithful wife):: rogacz {m} cuckold {v} (make a cuckold):: przyprawić komuś rogi cuckoo {n} (the bird):: kukułka {f} cuckoo {v} (to make the call of a cuckoo):: kukać {impf} cuckoo {v} (to repeat something incessantly):: gęgać {impf} cucumber {n} (plant):: ogórek {m} cucumber {n} (edible fruit):: ogórek {m} cuddle {n} (affectionate embrace):: przytulenie {n} cuddle {v} (embrace, lie together snugly):: przytulić się {pf}, przytulać się {impf}, miziać się {impf} [jokingly] cuddle {v} (cradle in one's arms):: przytulić {pf}, przytulać {impf} cuddly {adj} (Suitable for cuddling):: milusiński {m}, milusi {m} cudgel {n} (a short heavy club with a rounded head used as a weapon):: pałka {f}, maczuga {f} cue {n} (straight tapering rod used to impel the balls in games such as billiards, snooker, and pool):: kij (bilardowy) {m} cuff {n} (the end of a shirt sleeve that covers the wrist):: mankiet {m} cuff {n} (the end of a pants leg, folded up):: mankiet {m} cuff {v} (to handcuff) SEE: handcuff:: cufflink {n} (button used to hold a sleeve cuff together):: spinka do mankietu {f} cuirass {n} (piece of defensive armor, covering the body from the neck to the girdle):: kirys {m} cuisine {n} (characteristic style of preparing food):: kuchnia {f} cul-de-sac {n} (impasse) SEE: impasse:: cul-de-sac {n} (blind alley) SEE: dead end:: culprit {n} (culprit):: delikwent {m}, winowajca {m} cult {n} (a sect):: sekta {f}, kult {m} cult {n} (devotion to a saint):: kult {m} cult {adj} (enjoyed by a small, loyal group):: kultowy {m} cultivar {n} (cultivated variety):: kultywar {m} cult of personality {n} (situation of being falsely idolized):: kult jednostki {m} cultural studies {n} (diverse field of study):: kulturoznawstwo {n} culture {n} (arts, customs and habits):: kultura {f} culture of death {n}:: cywilizacja śmierci culture shock {n} (state of anxious confusion):: szok kulturowy {m} culvert {n} (channel for draining water):: przepust {m} cum {n} (slang: semen):: sperma {f}, nasienie {n} cum {v} (slang: have an orgasm; ejaculate):: wytryskiwać Cuman {n} (member of the Cuman people):: Połowcy {p} cumbersome {adj} (burdensome or hindering, as a weight or drag; vexatious; cumbrous):: uciążliwy {m} cumbersome {adj} (not easily managed or handled; awkward):: nieporęczny {m}, niewygodny {m} cumbersome {adj} (hard, difficult, demanding to handle):: nieporęczny {m} cumin {n} (plant Cuminum cyminum):: kmin rzymski {m} cumin {n} (its seed used as spice):: kminek {m} cumulative {adj} (incorporating all data up to the present):: narastający {m} cumulative distribution function {n} (a function in probability theory):: dystrybuanta {f} cunctation {n} (delay, hesitation, procrastination):: kunktatorstwo {n}, zwłoka {f} cuneal {adj} (shaped like a wedge):: klinowy {f} cuneiform {adj} (written in the cuneiform writing system):: klinowy cuneiform {n} (ancient writing system):: pismo klinowe {n} cunnilingus {n} (oral stimulation of female genitals):: cunnilingus {m}, mineta {f} [slang] cunning {adj} (sly):: sprytny {m}, chytry cunningly {adv} (with cunning, cleverly):: chytrze, sprytnie cunt {n} (genitalia):: pizda {f}, cipa {f}, cipsko {n} cunt {n} (unpleasant or objectionable person):: pizda {f}, cipa {f} cup {n} (drinking vessel):: filiżanka {f} cup {n} (trophy):: puchar {m} cup {n} (contest):: puchar {m} cup {n} (suction cup) SEE: suction cup:: cup-bearer {n} (cupbearer) SEE: cupbearer:: cupbearer {n} (cup carrier):: podczaszy cupboard {n} (enclosed storage):: szafa {f} Cupid {prop} (god of love, son of Venus):: Kupidyn {m}, Kupido {m}, Amor {m} Cupid {prop} (reindeer of Santa Claus):: Amorek {m} cupola {n} (architecture: dome-shaped ornamental structure):: kopuła {f} cupule {n} (small structure shaped like a cup):: kupula {f} cur {n} (inferior dog):: kundel {m} curaçao {n} (liqueur):: curacao {n} curare {n} (a substance containing the alkaloid D-tubocurarine):: kurara {f} curassow {n} (birds of the family Cracidae):: czubacz {m} curb {n} (concrete along the edge of a road) SEE: kerb:: curd cheese {n} (cottage cheese) SEE: cottage cheese:: curer {n} (healer) SEE: healer:: curfew {n} (a regulation requiring people to be off the streets and in their homes by a certain time):: godzina policyjna {f} Curia {prop} (Roman Catholic Church administration):: kuria {f} curiosity {n} (inquisitiveness; the tendency to ask questions, investigate, or explore):: ciekawość {f} curiosity {n} (unique or extraordinary object which arouses interest):: ciekawostka {f} curiosity killed the cat {proverb} (undue curiosity is dangerous):: ciekawy kot do studni wpadł, ciekawość to pierwszy stopień do piekła curious {adj} (inquisitive):: ciekawy Curitiba {prop} (State capital of Paraná):: Kurytyba curium {n} (chemical element):: kiur {m} curl {n} (mathematics: vector operator):: rotacja {f} curlew {n} (migratory wading bird):: kulik {m} curlew sandpiper {n} ( Calidris ferruginea):: biegus krzywodzioby {m} curling iron {n} (a heated cylindrical device for curling the hair):: lokówka {f} curly {n} (a person or animal with curly hair):: kręconowłosy {m} currant {n} (fruit):: porzeczka {f} currency {n} (money or other item used to facilitate transactions):: waluta {f} currency {n} (fluency) SEE: fluency:: current {n}:: prąd {m-in} current {n} (time rate of flow of electric charge):: prąd {m-in}, natężenie prądu {n} current {adj} (existing or occurring at the moment):: bieżący, aktualny current {adj} (generally accepted, used, practiced, or prevalent at the moment):: aktualny current account {n} (checking account):: rachunek bieżący {m-in} currently {adv} (at this moment):: obecnie, aktualnie curriculum {n} (set of courses and coursework):: program nauczania {m} curriculum vitae {n} (written account of one's education, accomplishments, etc. ):: życiorys {m} curry {n} (sauce or relish):: curry {n} currycomb {n} (a comb or brush used to groom horses):: zgrzebło {n} curse {n} (supernatural detriment):: klątwa {f}, przekleństwo {n} curse {n} (prayer that harm may befall someone):: klątwa {f} curse {n} (vulgar epithet):: przekleństwo {n} curse {v} (to place a curse upon):: przeklinać {impf}, przekląć {pf} curse {v} (to utter a vulgar curse):: przeklinać curse {v} (to use offensive language):: [imperf] kląć, [perf] zakląć cursed {adj} (having some sort of divine harm):: przeklęty curse word {n} (vulgarity) SEE: swear word:: cursor {n} (GUI: moving icon representing the position of a pointing device):: kursor {m} cursor {n} (GUI: indicator of where the next insertation or other edit will take place):: kursor {m} cursory {adj} (hasty, superficial, careless):: pobieżny curtain {n} (piece of cloth covering a window):: zasłona {f}, kurtyna {f}, firana {f}, firanka {f} curtain {n} (piece of cloth in a theater):: kurtyna {f} curtain {v} (to cover with a curtain):: zasłonić curtsey {n} (small bow of knees and lowered body, usually by a female):: dygnięcie {n} curtsey {v} (to make a curtsey):: dygać curve {n} (gentle bend):: zakręt {m} curve {n} (geometry: one-dimensional figure):: krzywa {f} curve {adj} (crooked) SEE: crooked:: cushion {n} (soft material in cloth bag):: poduszka {f} cushion {n} (absorbent or protective item):: poduszka {f} cushion {n} (in cue sports):: banda {f} cusk {n} (cod-like fish):: brosma {f} cuspidor {n} (spittoon) SEE: spittoon:: custody {n} (Franciscan administrative unit):: kustodia {f} custom {n} (frequent repetition of the same act):: zwyczaj {m}, obyczaj {m}, nawyk {m} [personal, not social], moda {f} [bookish] customer {n} (one who purchases or receives a product or service):: klient {m} customer service {n} (act of providing services):: obsługa klientów {f} customer service {n} (department):: obsługa klienta {f} customer support {n} (provision of service):: obsługa klienta {f} custom house {n} (official building, in a port, where customs are collected and shipping is cleared for entry and exit):: urząd celny {m} customize {v} (alter according to preferences):: dostosowywać {impf}, personalizować {impf} customs {n} (custom house) SEE: custom house:: customs officer {n} (officer):: celnik {m} custos {n} (superior of a custody):: kustosz {m} cut {v} (to perform an incision):: ciąć {impf} cut {n} (haircut) SEE: haircut:: cut {n} (common workhorse) SEE: gelding:: cutaneous {adj} (of, or relating to the skin):: skórny cut corners {v} (do a less-than-thorough or incomplete job):: iść na skróty cute {adj} (having features mainly attributed to infants and small or cuddly animals):: słodki {m}, uroczy {m} cute {adj} (attractive or pleasing in a youthful, dainty, quaint or fun-spirited way):: urzekający {m} cute {adj} (dated: mentally keen or discerning; clever, shrewd):: sprytny {m}, cwany {m} cuticle {n} (outermost layer of skin of vertebrates) SEE: epidermis:: cutie {n} (a cute person or animal):: czaruś, piękniś cut in {v} (to replace somebody's dancing partner):: odbijać {impf}, odbić {pf} cutlass {n} (machete) SEE: machete:: cutlass {n} (a short sword with a curved blade):: kord {m} cutler {n} (One whose business is making or dealing in cutlery):: nożownik {m}, nożowniczka {f} cutlery {n} (eating and serving utensils):: sztućce cutlet {n} (slice of meat):: kotlet {m}, sznycel {m} cut off {v} (To cause to come off, from cutting):: odcinać, odciąć cut off {v} (To isolate or remove from contact):: odcinać, odciąć cut off {v} (To end abruptly):: rozłączać, rozłączyć cut off {v} (To interrupt someone talking):: przerwać, przerywać cutthroat {n} (murderer):: nożownik {m} cutting {n} (action of the verb to cut):: cięcie {n}, przecięcie {n} cutting {n} (newspaper clipping):: wycinek {m} cutting {n} (leaf, stem, branch, or root removed from a plant):: sadzonka {f} cutting {n} (editing of film or other recordings):: montaż {m} cutting {adj} ((potentially) hurtful):: uszczypliwy cuttlefish {n} (any of various squidlike mollusks):: mątwa {f} cut to the chase {v} (to get to the point):: przejść do rzeczy {pf} cyan {n} (a colour between blue and green):: turkus {m-in} cyan {adj} (of the colour cyan):: turkusowy cyanide {n} (chemistry: any compound containing the CN group):: cyjanek {m} cyanide {n} (hydrogen cyanide) SEE: hydrogen cyanide:: cyanosis {n} (discolouration of the skin):: sinica {f} cyber- {prefix} (the Internet or cyberspace):: cyber- cyberattack {n} (an attack over a computer network):: cyberatak {m} cyberbullying {n} (bullying online):: cyberprzemoc {f} cybercitizen {n} (inhabitant of cyberspace) SEE: netizen:: cybernetic {adj} (relating to the mathematical study of control):: cybernetyczny cybernetics {n} (science of communication and control):: cybernetyka {f} cyberpunk {n} (sci-fi subgenre):: cyberpunk {m} cybersex {v} (exchange explicit sexual experiences online):: cyberseks {m} cyberspace {n} (world of information):: cyberprzestrzeń {f} cyberspace {n} (science fiction: three-dimensional representation of virtual space):: cyberprzestrzeń {f} cyborg {n} (person who is part machine):: cyborg {m} Cyclades {prop} (island chain):: Cyklady {m-p} cyclamen {n} (A type of plant):: cyklamen {m} cycle {n} (complete rotation):: cykl {m}, obrót {m} cycle {n} (series of poems etc. ):: cykl {m} cycle {n} (vehicle) SEE: bicycle:: cycle lane {n} (part of road designated for cyclists) SEE: bicycle lane:: cyclic {adj} (characterized by, or moving in cycles):: okresowy {m}, cykliczny {m} cyclic {adj} (of a compound having chains of atoms arranged in a ring):: pierścieniowy {m} cycling {n} (The sport of riding and racing bicycles):: kolarstwo {n} cyclist {n} (person who rides a cycle):: rowerzysta {m} cycloid {n} (geometry: locus of a point on the circumference of a rolling circle):: cykloida {f} cyclopean {adj} (massive in stature):: olbrzymi {m} cyclopentane {n} (alicyclic hydrocarbon, C 5 H 10):: cyklopentan {m} cyclops {n} (giant of mythology):: cyklop {m} cyclotron {n} (particle accelerator):: cyklotron {m} cygnet {n} (young of a swan):: łabędziątko {n} Cygnus {prop} (constellation):: Łabędź {m} cylinder {n} (geometry: surface):: cylinder {m}, walec {m} cylinder {n} (geometry: solid):: walec {m} cylinder {n} (any cylindrical object):: cylinder {m} cylinder {n} (container):: butla cylindrical {adj} (shaped like a cylinder):: cylindryczny, walcowaty cymbal {n} (concave plate of brass or bronze that produces a sharp, ringing sound when struck):: talerz {m}, czynel {m} cynic {n} (A person who believes that all people are motivated by selfishness):: cynik {m}, cyniczka {f} cynic {n} (A person whose outlook is scornfully negative):: cynik {m}, cyniczka {f} cynical {adj} (of or relating to the belief that human actions are motivated by base desires or selfishness):: cyniczny cynically {adv} (in a cynical manner):: cynicznie cynicism {n} (skeptical, scornful or pessimistic attitude):: cynizm {m} cynocephaly {n} (dog-headedness in human):: cynocefal {m} cynology {n} (study of dogs):: kynologia {f} cynophobia {n} (an irrational fear or hatred of dogs or other canines):: kynofobia {f} cynosure {n} (Ursa Minor) SEE: Ursa Minor:: Cynthia {prop} (female given name):: Cyntia {f} cypress {n} (an evergreen coniferous tree):: cyprys {m} Cypriot {n} (Person from Cyprus):: Cypryjczyk {m}, Cypryjka {f} Cypriot {adj} (Of, from or relating to Cyprus):: cypryjski Cyprus {prop} (country):: Cypr {m} Cyrenaica {prop} (province on the North African coast):: Cyrenajka {f} Cyril {prop} (male given name):: Cyryl {m} Cyrillic {adj} (of or pertaining to Cyrillic):: cyrylicki Cyrillic {prop} (a script or alphabet):: cyrylica {f} cyst {n} (sac which develops in the natural cavities of an organ):: torbiel, cysta {f} cysteine {n} (nonessential amino acid):: cysteina {f} cysticercosis {n} (parasitic infestation):: wągrzyca {f} cystine {n} (a nonessential amino acid):: cystyna {f} cystoscopy {n} (endoscopy of the urinary bladder):: cystoskopia cytology {n} (biology: the study of cells):: cytologia {f} cytoplasm {n} (contents of a cell excluding the nucleus):: cytoplazma {f} cytoplasmic {adj} (of or pertaining to cytoplasm):: cytoplazmatyczny cytosine {n}:: cytozyna {f} Czech {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to the country, people, culture or language):: czeski Czech {n} (person):: Czech {m-pr}, Czeszka {f} Czech {n} (language):: czeski {m-in} Czechia {prop} (country in Europe):: Czechy {p} Czechism {n} (a word or idiom of the Czech language):: bohemizm {m}, czechizm {m} Czechoslovak {n} (inhabitant):: Czechosłowak {m}, Czechosłowaczka {f} Czechoslovak {adj} (pertaining to):: czechosłowacki Czechoslovakia {prop} (former country in Central Europe):: Czechosłowacja {f} Czecho-Slovakia {prop} (dated form of Czechoslovakia):: Czecho-Słowacja {f} Czechoslovakian {adj} (of or pertaining to Czechoslovakia):: czechosłowacki Czech Republic {prop} (country in Central Europe):: Republika Czeska {f}, Czechy {p} Czech studies {n} (academic study of the Czech language, etc. ):: bohemistyka {f} Częstochowa {prop} (city in Poland):: Częstochowa {f} České Budějovice {prop} (city in the Czech republic):: Czeskie Budziejowice {p}.

Little joe movie stream. 15:35 music from Avengers. P.

Little Joe - Glück ist ein Geschäft

Publisher - Dawn Hargrove




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